Navigation Links
Most maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could be avoided
Date:2/18/2010

More than 500,000 women die each year worldwide due to complications arising from pregnancy and childbirth. Half of these women live in sub-Saharan Africa. A research team from the King Juan Carlos University (URJC) in Madrid says these women are not dying as a result of any illness, but rather from a lack of basic healthcare measures.

"Maternal mortality is a good indicator of a country's healthcare situation and of the inequalities between men and women", Jos Luis lvarez, the lead author of this study and a researcher at the URCJ in Madrid, tells SINC.

The objective of this research, published in the journal BMC Public Health was to quantify the specific weight of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan African and to determine the healthcare, cultural and economic factors involved in this.

Data obtained from 45 African countries between 1997 and 2006 from the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) were studied.

"Despite the significant differences between countries, the number of maternal deaths was high in all of them, at an average of 885 deaths for each 100,000 births, but these women are not dying as a result of any disease, but just from normal biological processes", says lvarez.

The main causes of death are haemorrhaging (34%), infection (10%), pre-eclampsia (9%) and obstruction during birth (4%). These figures differ from those in industrialised countries, where death from haemorrhaging accounts for 13% of deaths. There are also indirect causes that, although they are not complications relating to the birth itself, become worse over the course of the pregnancy and cause 20% of the deaths.

The results of this study show that an effective and efficient health system, especially during pregnancy and birth, are fundamental cornerstones of maternal health, along with access to clean drinking water.

The research team also observed a positive relationship with economic and educational factors, leading the authors to say "it will be very difficult to improve health without taking both these factors into consideration". "Education, above all for women, is higher in countries with a lower maternal mortality rate", concludes lvarez.

Maternal mortality around the world

In 2000, the United Nations estimated that the number of women who died during pregnancy or shortly after birth at 529,000 (almost one maternal death per minute), of which less than 1% occurred in industrialised countries. The majority of the causes of these deaths have been medically preventable for decades, and do not usually occur during the birth itself, but in the days afterwards.

The main reasons why pregnant women do not attend health centres to receive maternal-infant care, especially in rural areas, are the cost, fear, having previously received poor treatment, the waiting times, shame and the distance to the closest health centre.

According to the United Nations, the three countries with the highest maternal death rates are India (136,000), Nigeria (37,000) and Afghanistan (20,000). The highest maternal mortality rates are in Sierra Leone and Afghanistan, with 2,000 and 1,900 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births, respectively. The lowest rates are in Australia and Iceland, at four and 10, respectively.

In 2003, the WHO, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) produced the world maternal mortality index. The average in Africa is 400 deaths for every 100,000 live births, in industrialised countries 20 per 100,000, and in developing countries 440 per 100,000.


'/>"/>

Contact: SINC
info@plataformasinc.es
34-914-251-820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. A childs IQ could be affected by maternal epilepsy
2. Maternal depression and controlling behavior associated with increased stress response in infants
3. Lynn Clark Callister, National Leader in Maternal-Child Health Nursing, Joins March of Dimes Advisory Council
4. Maternal Mortality Declining in Middle-income Countries; Women Still Die in Pregnancy and Childbirth in Low-income Countries
5. MacArthur commits $11 million to further UCSF work in maternal safety
6. A maternal link to Alzheimers disease
7. November issue of Reproductive Health Matters focuses on maternal mortality
8. Maternal Distress Raises Risk of Childhood Asthma
9. Prenatal exposure to maternal antibodies linked to autistic behaviors in offspring
10. Maternal love: How a mothers brain responds to her infant
11. Few Countries on Track to Curb Maternal, Child Mortality Rates
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Most maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could be avoided
(Date:3/24/2017)... Orion, MI (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 ... ... insurance assistance, financial planning, and related services to families and business owners across ... initiative aimed at feeding regional families struggling with financial difficulties. , The Oxford/Orion ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Northridge dentists, Dr. ... for sleep apnea and TMJ at their office. TMJ, or temporomandibular joint disorder, ... obstructive type, is increasingly being treated at dental offices with newly developed procedures ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro ... their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is ... Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “End Time GPS”: ... events will interrelate. “End Time GPS” is the creation of published author, Wesley ... while working on military munitions and space-vehicle projects. Now, at age ninety-one, he shares ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... & Seattle, WA (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... health emergency and now estimates that there could be four million Zika-related cases in ... epidemics to date with numbers of US cases reported per year skyrocketing to an ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , Mar 23, 2017 Research and Markets ... & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their ... The ... around 6.9% over the next decade to reach approximately $3.5 billion ... and forecasts for all the given segments on global as well ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Transportation Insight, a ... an end-to-end supply chain management firm with expertise serving ... Product Solutions Rick Zaffarano was named a ... the Supply Chain by the only publication exclusively dedicated ... food supply chain. "Rick has brought to ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... SILVER SPRING, Md. , March 23, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... approval to Bavencio (avelumab) for the treatment of adults ... Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), including those who have not ... for metastatic MCC, a rare, aggressive form of skin ... the most common cancers, patients with a rare form ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: