Navigation Links
'Most adults with autism go undiagnosed' -- new findings
Date:5/4/2011

Not a single person identified with autism or asperger's syndrome during a community survey in England actually knew they had the condition, research led by the University of Leicester reveals.

According to Dr Traolach Brugha, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Leicester, the research has already revealed that autism was commoner in males, those without higher educational qualifications, and those living in social (government financed) housing. Prevalence was not related to the age of those with the condition.

The findings emerge from the first ever general population survey of autism in adulthood. They are based on a two phase epidemiological survey in England (7,461 screening interviews; 618 diagnostic) carried out in 2007. The findings are now published fully in the world's leading peer refereed mental health scientific journal the Archives of General Psychiatry (http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/68/5/459). This means that the survey carried out from Leicester is now internationally endorsed officially.

Dr Brugha, who is also a consultant psychiatrist working in the NHS with the Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, said none of the cases with autism found in the community survey throughout England knew that they were autistic or had received an official diagnosis of autism or asperger syndrome.

Dr Brugha said the new scientific article confirms the already published report from the survey (2009) that 9.8 per thousand adults in England meet official diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder. There was no evidence of an 'autism epidemic' of marked increase in people with the condition.

He said: "Overall our findings suggest that prevalence is neither rising nor falling significantly over time. This favours the interpretation that methods of ascertainment (case finding) have changed in more recent surveys of children compared to the earliest surveys in which the rates reported were considerably lower".

In a comment on the possible causes of autism the researchers suggest that "the [non genetic or environmental] causes of autism appear to be temporally constant, and that recent apparent rises in rates of diagnosis must therefore reflect better case finding, rather than some new environmental toxin. However, we would urge caution and the need for independent replication of this first set of adult community survey findings".

Professor Brugha also drew attention to the newly reported finding that none of their cases of autism were already known to have the condition: "It is very concerning that none of the cases we confirmed using rigorous diagnostic assessment methods in the community knew that they had the condition or had an official diagnosis. As in all community surveys it is of course likely that most of the cases we found were relatively mild and few were severe. We know that severe autism particularly when accompanied by learning disability is much more likely to be recognised. We are beginning to provide training to psychiatrists in the diagnosis of autism spectrum conditions in adulthood through the Royal College of Psychiatrists Education and Training Centre, London (http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/PDF/Asperger_interview_USE_THIS_ONE.pdf)."

The initial findings of the survey, which appeared first in 2009 (www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/asdpsychiatricmorbidity07), attracted considerable media attention. The survey was carried out jointly with the National Centre for Social Research (www.natcen.ac.uk) and a team of methodological experts from collaborating Universities (University of Cambridge, UCL, and King's College, London). Further work extending the survey to adults in communal establishments and adults with Learning Disability has since been commissioned by the NHS Information for the Department of Health and is being carried out in collaboration with researchers at the Universities of Cambridge and Glasgow. The findings are expected to become available later in 2011.


'/>"/>

Contact: Terry Brugha
tsb@le.ac.uk
44-116-258-4395
University of Leicester
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted
2. Embedded Mobile & M2M Device revenues to Rise to Almost $19 Billion Globally by 2014, Says Juniper Research
3. Gastric Banding Most Effective for Obese Teens
4. Most pandemic plans in Ontario hospitals have not been tested: Queens University study
5. For Valentine's Day, Lifestyle Correspondent and Her Two Sets of Twins Show a Little Love Where Its Needed the Most
6. Office Romance OK With Most Folks
7. Rapid Flu Test Most Accurate for Young Kids
8. New therapeutic target for most common solid cancer in childhood?
9. Most Americans Think Its Others Who Are Unhealthy
10. Most maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could be avoided
11. Awards Strengthen Stonhard's Reputation for High-Performing Floors in the World's Most Prominent Pharmaceutical Facilities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... PITTSBURGH, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... or struggling through rehabilitation of an injury, patients must find the one that works ... for his pain, he created a machine that worked and decided to share it ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... CloudLIMS.com, a class-leading provider of Laboratory Management ... Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research and testing laboratories keep track of their biospecimens, ... is a faster and a more efficient product, allowing batch processing of data, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, at The House of Yahweh in ... fits into Bible Prophecy. Yisrayl says this generation, known as the Last Generation, started ... how the details line up exactly with Bible Prophecy – a protected way for ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Date aired: ... of Type 2 Diabetes: The Owner’s Manual, http://realtimepressrelease.com/press-releases-tagged-with/daryl-wein , Sharon ... of Water, Global Climate Change and Your Health radio program syndicated on Voice ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... Standard Process, Inc. ... annual ranking and recognition of the largest closely held companies headquartered in Wisconsin. ... 2008-2016. In addition, Standard Process was awarded the Talent Award for providing outstanding ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced the ... 2017 - MedCore" report to their offering. ... , , The cerebrospinal ... In healthy individuals, it is circulated though the brain and its ventricles, ... amount of CSF surrounding the brain changes significantly. ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... Detachable coil embolization is a minimally invasive method ... embolization treatment of cerebral aneurysms is less invasive and requires less recovery ... wall of an artery in the brain. This area bulges in the ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016 Varian Medical Systems (NYSE: ... JUST Company in the Healthcare Equipment and Services industry, ... inaugural "JUST 100 List." The rankings are based on ... conducted on attitudes towards corporate behavior, involving 50,000 Americans ... U.S companies against their peers within 32 major industries. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: