Navigation Links
More help needed to improve smoking cessation services for pregnant women with mental disorders
Date:11/20/2012

Pregnant women with mental health disorders are facing too many barriers to help them quit smoking during pregnancy despite their willingness to accept support, finds a new study published today (21 November) in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

The study, undertaken by researchers at King's College London, looked at referrals to smoking cessation services and what barriers pregnant women with mental health disorders face compared to those women without disorders.

Overall 400 women, who reported smoking at their first appointment, were monitored and 237 accepted referrals to smoking cessation services. Approximately one quarter of the women studied (97) were diagnosed as having a mental disorder (i.e. depression, schizophrenia, eating disorder) and were found to be more willing to accept referrals to smoking cessation services compared to those women who did not have a mental disorder (69% vs. 56%).

However the women with these pre-existing mental health problems were also more likely to still be smoking by the time of delivery (80% vs. 60% for women with no mental health problems), leading researchers to conclude that the barriers for smoking cessation are much harder to overcome for women with mental health disorders.

The researchers conducted interviews with an additional 27 pregnant smokers to gauge some of the perceived barriers to quitting, which were common to all women whether they had mental health problems or not.

The women cited negative impacts from their social and physical environments, including physical addiction, as barriers to quitting. However the women with mental health disorders described heavier addiction and reported a different type of relationship with smoking (for example they continued to smoke when acutely ill or to stay thin).

Of particular importance was that women with mental health disorders described how they, and their healthcare providers, often prioritised the management of mental health care over stopping smoking due to the perceived negative impact that stopping smoking would have on their mental health symptoms.

Professor Louise Howard from King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry, and co-author of the study, said:

"We found that the women with mental disorders were more motivated to participate in the smoking cessation programmes at the start of their pregnancy, but by delivery they were significantly less likely to have stopped smoking.

"The perceived barriers to quitting were common among both groups, and the additional psychological condition of the women with mental disorders is clearly a major factor contributing to them not stopping smoking. The women who we interviewed said that they and their doctors prioritised their mental health over their smoking problem as they were worried that if they tried to stop smoking their mental health could deteriorate.

"It is clear from our findings that research in to how to support pregnant women with mental disorders in stopping smoking is urgently needed so that their pregnancy outcome and longer term health of the child can be improved."

John Thorp, BJOG Deputy-Editor-in-Chief added:

"Smoking is the leading preventable cause of fetal and childhood morbidity and mortality in high income countries like the UK, which is why current guidelines stress that referral from maternity services is a very important role in antenatal care for pregnant smokers.

"Women generally are more likely to stop smoking during pregnancy than at any other time, and overall smoking cessation programmes during pregnancy do reduce the proportion of women who continue to smoke.

"This study shows that there is a clear weak link in the current system when it comes to women with mental health problems and it needs to be addressed in order to eliminate any further health inequality for this group of women."

This work was funded by the Foundation for the Study of Infant Death (FSID). Francine Bates OBE, Chief Executive of the FSID, said:

"We know that smoking during pregnancy is a major risk factor for sudden infant death and that pregnant women with mental disorders are more likely to smoke more heavily and are more nicotine dependent.

"The new study clearly shows how important frontline maternity services are. Women with mental illnesses are eager to quit smoking but by not routinely offering them tailored and on-going support we are missing the opportunity to improve their health and the life chances of their babies."


'/>"/>
Contact: Caitlin Walsh
cwalsh@rcog.org.uk
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Interventions needed to promote healthy behaviors among perinatally HIV-infected youth
2. Further steps needed to reduce stigma and expand access to substance abuse
3. For Mild Asthma, Daily Steroids May Not Be Needed, Study Says
4. Transformation of health system needed to improve care and reduce costs
5. New regulatory mechanism discovered in cell system for eliminating unneeded proteins
6. More Drug Trials Needed for Conditions Affecting Kids: Review
7. Many Teens With High Blood Pressure Dont Get Needed Tests
8. Study suggests changes in rotator cuff surgery rehabilitation needed
9. New technique could reduce number of animals needed to test chemical safety
10. Changes needed for oft-ignored prescription warning labels
11. More Vigilance Needed to Protect Kids With Food Allergies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... ... Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer. Although only about 1 percent of skin ... More than 10,000 people are expected to die of melanoma this year. The risk increases ... of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in young women. A recent breakthrough in genetic studies ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Jvion, the market leader ... led by Eastside Partners, with participation from existing investor Martin Ventures. The ... accelerate its technology and product roadmap. , “Jvion is experiencing significant ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Nike Softball ... softball camp from July 24th – 27th for girls aged 10-18. All facets of ... held at the beautiful Clark V. Whited Complex, one of the finest softball facilities ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Intellitec Solutions is pleased to announce the ... for one their long-term care clients. Working together with the clients staff, Intellitec ... management systems, and delivered a fully integrated accounting and business-management solution that helped ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... and the workforce is aging – meaning that there is an urgent need for ... practical and interactive training solution, delivering a multi-pronged approach to train and retain care ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... Schweiz, April 27, 2016 ... CEO Forums in Zürich gab Strekin AG ... Wirkstoffkandidaten STR001 zur Erhaltung des Resthörvermögens von ... bekannt. Für die umfassende Phase-II-Doppelblindstudie mit Placebo-Kontrollgruppe ... angeworben. STR001 wird während der Operation direkt ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016 Elekta today ... platform will be the focal point of seven scientific ... European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology, taking place April ... a state-of-the-art radiotherapy system and a high-field MRI scanner ... see the patient,s anatomy in real time. The MR-linac ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... Tie-up with Government hospitals as part of ... newborns   Fortis La Femme, Delhi ... Breast Milk Foundation (BMF), a non-profit organization within the GNS ... in Delhi-NCR today. This non-profit centre recognizes that breast milk ... be available to babies deprived of mother,s milk.  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: