Navigation Links
More alcohol and traffic laws mean fewer traffic deaths, NYU Steinhardt study concludes
Date:12/5/2013

States with a higher number of alcohol- and traffic-related laws have a lower proportion of traffic deaths than do states with fewer such laws on the books, a study by researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development has found.

"Our findings show the human cost of these differences in state law environments," said James Macinko, a professor in NYU Steinhardt's Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health and the paper's senior author.

Their study, which appears in the journal Public Health, examined 27 types of laws, which ranged from child restraint laws to beer taxes to mandatory fines for DUI violations, across all 50 states. The researchers chose these laws based on the following criteria: 1) they were aimed at changing individual behaviors concerning alcohol consumption and/or traffic safety and 2) there was evidence, based on previous research, supporting their effectiveness in improving health outcomes. They then calculated what proportion of these laws were adopted by a state in any year from 1980 to 2010.

Overall, state adoption of these laws grew significantly over time. In 1980, states, on average, had adopted 7.7 percent of the 27 laws; in 2010, this proportion had jumped to 59 percent. However, states adopting such laws diverged over time: in 1980, the proportion between high- and low-adopting states differed by 8 percent, but grew to nearly 30 percent in 2009.

To determine the association between the adoption of alcohol and traffic legislation and road safety, the researchers examined the relationship between the proportion of laws put on the books and deaths resulting from traffic accidents.

Controlling for other risk factors, such as state socioeconomic levels, unemployment levels, and population density, the researchers found that being in the top quartile of laws passed was associated with 14.5 percent decrease in the traffic fatality rate compared to being in the bottom quartile. In fact, even being in the second-lowest quartile was associated with 5 percent decrease in the traffic fatality rate compared to being in the bottom quartile.

"Lagging behind in adopting the full range of the laws is not a theoretical concernmore people are dying as a result," says Diana Silver, an assistant professor the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health and one of the study's co-authors. "Policymakers and advocates should focus attention on states where such protections are the weakest and bring them up to speed."


'/>"/>

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Energy drinks plus alcohol pose a public health threat
2. El Paso Alcohol Rehab Launches Program Aimed at Reducing Drinking Problems Among Ethnic Groups
3. Riverside Alcohol Rehab Announces New Program Supporting Adults, Adolescents in Stopping Alcohol Addiction
4. Treating alcohol dependence: Medication plus therapy leads to longer abstinence
5. New Orleans Treatment Center Announces Program to Fight Off Rising Tide of Drug, Alcohol Abuse
6. Teens who drink alone more likely to develop alcohol problems as young adults
7. Online Insurance Marketplace Explains the Relation Between No Medical Exam Life Insurance and Alcohol Consumption
8. Online Insurance Marketplace Explains Alcoholism And Life Insurance Without Medical Exams
9. Cleveland Treatment Center Launches Video Detailing Its Services for Drug, Alcohol Recovery
10. DOT Drug & Alcohol Training Certification Online
11. San Antonio Alcohol Rehab Presents New Video Regarding Its Services and Consultations for Adults, Adolescents
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Amada Senior Care, premier provider of non-medical in-home care and ... San Antonio West location. Prior to entering the senior care industry, Amada franchise partner ... Amada San Antonio West will take place on Friday, April 29th. , ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Point Source ... microphones and headsets announced today that the US Patent Office has approved its ... a structure. This innovative design creates a lightweight and modular audio headset that ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Tamarac, FL (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... body recovery supplement GlycoLoad at this week’s 2016 Europa Games Get Fit and ... health conscious consumers alike, the Europa Orlando Expo coming up April 29-30, was selected ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... Control and Prevention (CDC) has established an ICD-10-CM code for sarcopenia, giving it recognition ... by the medical community effective October 1, 2016. , Sarcopenia is defined as a ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... health insurance co-operative bankruptcy to receive their prescription medications through America’s fastest-growing ... FDA-approved prescription medications from over 180 American pharmaceutical companies for $35 per ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016  Bayer Animal ... a senior from the University of Florida College ... the Bayer Excellence in Communication Award (BECA). Brittany ... which were awarded a total of $70,000 in ... last four years, Bayer has provided a total ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... Global  urinalysis market  is ... 2022, according to a new report by Grand ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150105/723757 ) , Automation is ... accuracy delivered by the new generation urinalysis devices ... instruments and consumables. For instance, the automatic bench-top ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC ) invites you to ... st Annual Health Care Conference on Wednesday, May 4, ... to listen to the live discussion via the internet link ... http://edge.media-server.com/m/p/mr4uxgas . A recorded replay of the discussion will be ... accessible at the links above until August 1, 2016. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: