Navigation Links
More alcohol and traffic laws mean fewer traffic deaths, NYU Steinhardt study concludes
Date:12/5/2013

States with a higher number of alcohol- and traffic-related laws have a lower proportion of traffic deaths than do states with fewer such laws on the books, a study by researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development has found.

"Our findings show the human cost of these differences in state law environments," said James Macinko, a professor in NYU Steinhardt's Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health and the paper's senior author.

Their study, which appears in the journal Public Health, examined 27 types of laws, which ranged from child restraint laws to beer taxes to mandatory fines for DUI violations, across all 50 states. The researchers chose these laws based on the following criteria: 1) they were aimed at changing individual behaviors concerning alcohol consumption and/or traffic safety and 2) there was evidence, based on previous research, supporting their effectiveness in improving health outcomes. They then calculated what proportion of these laws were adopted by a state in any year from 1980 to 2010.

Overall, state adoption of these laws grew significantly over time. In 1980, states, on average, had adopted 7.7 percent of the 27 laws; in 2010, this proportion had jumped to 59 percent. However, states adopting such laws diverged over time: in 1980, the proportion between high- and low-adopting states differed by 8 percent, but grew to nearly 30 percent in 2009.

To determine the association between the adoption of alcohol and traffic legislation and road safety, the researchers examined the relationship between the proportion of laws put on the books and deaths resulting from traffic accidents.

Controlling for other risk factors, such as state socioeconomic levels, unemployment levels, and population density, the researchers found that being in the top quartile of laws passed was associated with 14.5 percent decrease in the traffic fatality rate compared to being in the bottom quartile. In fact, even being in the second-lowest quartile was associated with 5 percent decrease in the traffic fatality rate compared to being in the bottom quartile.

"Lagging behind in adopting the full range of the laws is not a theoretical concernmore people are dying as a result," says Diana Silver, an assistant professor the Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health and one of the study's co-authors. "Policymakers and advocates should focus attention on states where such protections are the weakest and bring them up to speed."


'/>"/>

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Energy drinks plus alcohol pose a public health threat
2. El Paso Alcohol Rehab Launches Program Aimed at Reducing Drinking Problems Among Ethnic Groups
3. Riverside Alcohol Rehab Announces New Program Supporting Adults, Adolescents in Stopping Alcohol Addiction
4. Treating alcohol dependence: Medication plus therapy leads to longer abstinence
5. New Orleans Treatment Center Announces Program to Fight Off Rising Tide of Drug, Alcohol Abuse
6. Teens who drink alone more likely to develop alcohol problems as young adults
7. Online Insurance Marketplace Explains the Relation Between No Medical Exam Life Insurance and Alcohol Consumption
8. Online Insurance Marketplace Explains Alcoholism And Life Insurance Without Medical Exams
9. Cleveland Treatment Center Launches Video Detailing Its Services for Drug, Alcohol Recovery
10. DOT Drug & Alcohol Training Certification Online
11. San Antonio Alcohol Rehab Presents New Video Regarding Its Services and Consultations for Adults, Adolescents
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... TransactRx announces the release of ... medical service claims by Pharmacy Benefit Managers that were submitted by Retail Clinics ... TransactRx Cross Benefit Clearinghouse receives standard professional medical claims submitted from the retail ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... FRANCISCO, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... School of Nursing and Health Professions. She will lead a team of more than ... Team. Baker will begin her role as dean in late August. , Baker comes ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Laser ... to help turn back the hands of time of female aging. The ... childbirth. Women with symptoms such as leakage, laxity, itchiness and pain have reported ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... NJ (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Researchers ... 2016 Annual COVD Meeting for their work on visual evoked potential and human attention. ... recent studies that used the Diopsys® NOVA™ ERG and VEP Vision Testing System ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... HealthPostures ... will join America's leading engineers at the American Society of Safety Engineers Conference ... Congress Center. , Engineers, speakers and exhibitors from more than 40 countries ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 24, 2016 Niederländische Chirurgen ... die es Ärzten erlaubt, ihre Expertise weltweit zu ... kombiniert Live Streaming mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion und der ... Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, Asien und den ... die Plattform registriert. Information und Weiterbildung   ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016  Diana Russell suffers from a form of ... inside out.  This disease has put her in a ... and grandchildren to leave her home.  Because of the ... haul the wheelchair.  So if there is a family ... is left to wait for the bus. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior vice president of sales, announced Andrea ... Marziani will lead the company,s business development and sales team, exploring new opportunities for ... - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: