Navigation Links
More Foot Power, Less Car Pollution Best for Health

Walking and cycling plus low-emission vehicles may reduce future disease burden, researchers say

FRIDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Encouraging city dwellers to walk and bicycle instead of using cars would offer much greater public health benefits than increased used of low-emission vehicles, U.K. researchers have found.

The study compared the projected health effects in 2030 of alternative urban land transport scenarios for London, England, and Delhi, India: business-as-usual (no greenhouse gas reduction policies); motor vehicles with lower carbon emissions; increased walking and cycling (active travel) plus less motor vehicle traffic; and a combination of increased walking/cycling and low-emission vehicles.

In both cities, reductions in carbon dioxide emissions achieved through increased active travel and less use of motor vehicles offered much greater health benefits than increased use of low-emission vehicles. The benefit was over 40 times greater in London and over seven times greater in Delhi. The greatest health benefits would be achieved by combining active travel and increased use of low-emission vehicles, according to the report published online Nov. 27 in The Lancet.

The most significant health gains in London would include reductions in: ischemic heart disease (10 percent to 19 percent reduction resulting in 1,950 to 4,240 fewer deaths per year); cerebrovascular disease (10 percent to 18 percent reduction resulting in 1,190 to 2,580 fewer deaths per year); dementia (7 percent to 8 percent reduction resulting in 200 to 240 fewer deaths per year); and breast cancer (12 percent to 13 percent reduction resulting in 200 to 210 fewer deaths per year). There would also be reductions in cases of depression and colon cancer, the study authors noted.

In Delhi, the largest health benefits would include reductions in: ischemic heart disease (11 percent to 25 percent reduction resulting in 2,490 to 7,140 fewer deaths per year); cerebrovascular disease (11 percent to 25 percent reduction resulting in 1,270 to 3,650 fewer deaths per year); and diabetes (6 percent to 17 percent reduction resulting in 150 to 460 fewer deaths per year). There would also be reductions in acute respiratory infections in children, lung cancer and depression, the researchers found.

"Important health gains and reductions in CO2 emissions can be achieved through replacement of urban trips in private motor vehicles with active travel," wrote James Woodcock, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and colleagues. "Technological measures to reduce vehicle pollutants might reduce emissions, but the health effect would be smaller."

The researchers added that an "increase in the safety, convenience and comfort of walking and cycling, and a reduction in the attractiveness of private motor vehicle use (speed, convenience and cost) are essential to achieve" a major switch to active travel in cities.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases has more about walking.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, Nov. 27, 2009

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Georgia Power, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Forge Green Energy Partnership
2. SYNAPT G2s Power, Versatility and Speed Headlines Comprehensive Portfolio of Mass Spectrometers at IMSC
3. Gulf Coast Dialysis Caregivers, Volunteers Brace for Hurricane Ike; Prepare to Maintain Power, Continued Access for Patients to Life-Saving Treatment
4. Integrated Laser Therapies Launches, Offers Low-power, Therapeutic Laser Devices and Training for Therapists and Consumers
5. China Holdings Appoints Ronald Shon Chairman of Advisory Board to Its Wholly-Owned Subsidiary China Power, Inc.
6. Coal Pollution Damages Human Health at Every Stage of Coal Life Cycle, Reports Physicians for Social Responsibility
7. Researchers discover links between city walkability and air pollution exposure
8. Air Pollution May Cause Appendicitis: Study
9. Air Pollution May Raise Blood Pressure
10. Ampac Fine Chemicals LLC Recognized for Voluntarily Reducing Pollution
11. Oakland Port Commission Seeks Resolution to Allow Local Officials Real Power to Clean Up Diesel Truck Pollution; Improve Security, Safety
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the ... In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, ... just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from reveals ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. ... the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has ... , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg ... Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered among ... Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin ... companies that call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and ... This will restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Haute Living, is proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent ... “the most beautiful women in the world, and the most handsome men, look ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... Mass. , June 24, 2016   Pulmatrix, ... pharmaceutical company developing innovative inhaled drugs, announced today that ... Russell Investments reconstituted its comprehensive set of ... "This is an important milestone for Pulmatrix," ... will increase shareholder awareness of our progress in developing ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... HOUSTON , June 23, 2016  MedSource ... platform as its e-clinical software solution of choice.  ... the best possible value to their clients by ... nowEDC.  The preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the ... pricing for MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality (Filler, Binder, ... Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... excipients market is projected to reach USD 8.1 Billion ... forecast period 2016 to 2021. The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: