Navigation Links
More Evidence That Compression-Only CPR Works Best
Date:10/15/2010

THURSDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency dispatchers should advise bystanders to use chest-compression-only CPR on heart attack victims, rather than the standard protocol of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth ventilation, according to a new study.

The findings echo the results of other recent reports that have compared the two strategies.

Continuous, uninterrupted chest compressions may be the key to successful CPR, according to this team of American and Austrian researchers.

"By avoidance of rescue ventilations (mouth-to-mouth) during CPR, which are often fairly time-consuming for lay bystanders, a continuous uninterrupted coronary perfusion pressure is maintained, which increases the probability of a successful outcome," they wrote in the Oct. 14 online edition of The Lancet.

In addition, chest-compression-only CPR is easier to perform, which increases the likelihood that bystanders will be willing and able to help heart attack victims, the team said.

"This confirms that chest compressions save lives. And there is no need for mouth-to-mouth," said one expert, Dr. Tamara R. Kuittinen, director of medical education in the department of emergency medicine at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "It simplifies the process for the person who witnesses a cardiac arrest to rescue and possibly save a life. You just need to learn and remember how to do chest compressions, how many (and shout for someone to help you by calling 911)," she said.

In their study, the researchers analyzed data from three randomized trials involving more than 3,000 patients who received CPR from bystanders guided by emergency dispatchers.

The survival rate was 14 percent for those who received chest-compression-only CPR and 12 percent for those who received standard CPR.

This means that the relative chances of survival increased 22 percent with chest-compression-only CPR. The absolute increase in survival was 2.4 percent, which means that one life would be saved for every 41 patients who received chest-compression-only CPR.

"Our findings support the idea that emergency medical services dispatch should instruct bystanders to focus on chest-compression-only CPR in adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," the researchers concluded.

The new findings echo those of recent studies. For example, in September a team from the University of Michigan reported that patients who experience sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital setting fare just as well when treated with chest compressions before being treated with an electrical defibrillator as they do when getting immediate defibrillation. That study appeared in the journal BMC Medicine.

And in July, two studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine each found that chest compression alone was equal to compressions plus mouth-to-mouth when it came to helping people experiencing a heart attack.

More information

The American Heart Association explains how to perform hands-only CPR.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCES: The Lancet, news release, Oct. 14, 2010; Tamara R. Kuittinen, M.D., director, medical education, department of emergency medicine, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. New guideline finds no evidence for a popular back procedure
2. More Evidence That Glucosamine, Chondroitin Wont Help Ailing Joints
3. More Evidence That Vaccines Dont Cause Autism
4. New research finds evidence of charitable behavior in bacteria
5. More Evidence Virus Plays Role in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
6. Autism: Lack of evidence for antidepressants
7. New research finds no evidence that popular slimming supplements facilitate weight loss
8. More Evidence That B Vitamins Alone Wont Counter Heart Risks
9. New evidence that smokeless tobacco damages DNA and key enzymes
10. Experts explore emerging evidence linking diabetes and cancer
11. New evidence that drinking coffee may reduce the risk of diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
More Evidence That Compression-Only CPR Works Best
(Date:2/5/2016)... Falls, NY & Salt Lake City, UT (PRWEB) , ... February ... ... Davis, Founder of Activz Whole-Food Nutrition , announced that the much-anticipated feature with ... on the New Really Cool Humans Amateur TV Network. , Each week, on his ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... York, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... life? The answer may be at the tips of your toes. Foot massage, whether ... as well as pure comfort and relaxation. The American Board of Multiple Specialties ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Chicago, Illinois (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 ... ... advisors and independent PROSHRED franchises from across the country gathered at the La ... to recognize top performers. PROSHRED Chicago was named the year’s most outstanding ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Pivot Point ... Best in KLAS: Software & Services for HIT Implementation Support & Staffing report ... independently ranks vendor performance by healthcare executives, managers and clinicians representing over 4,500 ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... X. Move from on one drop zone to the next using Colorize's dynamic moving ... complements any project. This package includes a 3D slideshow environment with 1 to 5 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 ... the addition of the "Global Musculoskeletal ... company profile to their offering. ... the addition of the "Global Musculoskeletal ... company profile to their offering. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... New York , February 5, 2016 ... new Transparency Market Research report states that the global ... in 2014 and is predicted to reach US$185.9 bn ... CAGR of 6.50% from 2014 to 2020. The title ... (Branded/Generic/Over-the-counter, Chemical/Biological, Captive/Contract Manufactured, by Geography, and by Therapeutic ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , February 5, 2016 ... new market research report "Fetal (Labor & Delivery) and ... Antepartum), Warmer, Incubator, Pulse Oximeter, Phototherapy/Jaundice Management Devices, CPAP, ... by MarketsandMarkets, This report studies the global market over ... is estimated at USD 6.28 Billion in 2015 and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: