Navigation Links
More Americans Urged to Get Cancer Screenings

Rates hover around 50 percent, despite proven benefits, report says

THURSDAY, Jan. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for breast, cervical and colon cancer saves lives, but too few Americans are getting the recommended screens or getting them regularly enough, a new report shows.

The rate of screening for breast and cervical cancers has stayed about the same since 2000, while the rate of colorectal cancer screening has increased but not as fast as experts had hoped, according to the report released Thursday by the American Cancer Society.

"More people need to get screened than are being screened, and they need to get screened regularly -- that's a big problem," said report author Robert Smith, director of cancer screening at the cancer society.

Only 50.6 percent of men and women age 50 to 64, and 57.6 percent of those older than 65, have regular colonoscopies. In addition, only about 19 percent of adults have regular fecal occult blood tests.

Among women, 60.7 percent of those age 40 to 64 have mammograms; that number slips to 59.8 percent for women age 65 and over.

The best way to ensure that you are getting screened according to the American Cancer Society recommendations is to tell your doctor that you want to be current with the guidelines, Smith said. You should also tell your doctor that you want to be reminded when it's time to have a screening test.

For cervical cancer, women should get regular Pap smears, starting at age 20. For breast cancer, women should start getting regular breast examinations at 20 and annual mammograms at 40, Smith said.

For colorectal cancer, both men and women should start regular screening at age 50. Screening for colorectal cancer includes fecal occult blood tests, colonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) colonography, sometimes called virtual colonoscopy.

"We recommend that any stool blood test be done with high-sensitivity fecal occult blood tests or immunochemical tests," Smith said. "We also added CT colonography every five years to the list of acceptable options, as well as stool DNA testing."

The cancer society does not recommend screening for other cancers, such as prostate or lung cancer, Smith noted. "We believe that men should hear about the pros and cons of testing for early prostate cancer," he said.

Smith noted two trials are underway that could determine whether screening for prostate cancer is beneficial. Results of these trials are not expected for several years, he added.

There are also ongoing trials to see if long-term smokers could benefit from lung cancer screening with spiral CT scans, Smith said.

Screening for other cancers, such as ovarian, bladder or pancreatic cancer, has not been proven effective. "We don't have effective screening tests for those cancers, and we don't know whether early diagnosis truly is beneficial, and we don't know if there is a favorable balance of benefits to harms," Smith said.

Smith also thinks that getting a full body scan to look for cancer is a bad idea. "A full body may not be the most effective way of using the technology to find cancer, and it can potentially find things that are not cancer but can't be determined not to be cancer," he said. "That's going to require exploratory surgery or other tests that could run up a high bill."

Smith believes the money would be better spent getting screening that has been shown to be beneficial and effective.

A report from the cancer society published in November in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that the number of men and women in the United States getting and dying from cancer had dropped -- the first decline since such statistics were released in 1998.

The drop in cancer rates is attributed mostly to fewer cases of lung, prostate and colorectal cancer among men and fewer cases of breast and colorectal cancer among women. Also, death rates from lung cancer have leveled off among women since 2003.

More information

For more information on cancer screening, visit the American Cancer Society .

SOURCES: Robert Smith, Ph.D., director, cancer screening, American Cancer Society, Atlanta; Jan. 14, 2009, Cancer Screening in the United States, 2009: A Review of Current American Cancer Society Guidelines and Issues in Cancer Screening

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Economic Stimulus Package Could Impinge on Americans Health Privacy
2. Survey: Americans Love for Financial Security Taking Precedence over Traditional Romance This Valentines Day
3. Millions More Americans Might Be Placed on Statins
4. The Breast Cancer 3-Day Challenges Americans to Get Out of the New Year's Resolution Rut
5. Americans Consuming More Sugary Beverages
6. 61 Million Americans are at Risk of Vision Loss and Dont Even Know It
7. First Americans Arrived on 2 Separate Paths
8. Why Are So Many Americans Wearing Gold Earrings on their Right Ear?
9. Slim-Fast: An Effective Option to Help Cost-Conscious Americans Manage Their Weight
10. One Million Americans Now Receive Personalized FDA Drug Safety Alerts Through
11. African Americans to Reach Health Resolutions Through Search Your Heart
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
More Americans Urged to Get Cancer Screenings
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... I found that regular bras were incredibly uncomfortable," said an inventor from Bronx, ... bra." , She developed the patent-pending RECOVERY BRA for added comfort and support. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... An unlikely combination of recycled ... way for homeless people to have a more dignified and comfortable night’s sleep. ... they are repurposing plastic bags into sleeping mats for the homeless. The ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... CHICAGO, IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... the cure for Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC), as well as raising public awareness ... people where they need it—presented a third donation of $35,000 to bolster progress ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Students and parents have something ... winners of the Create Real Impact awards. California Casualty is proud to ... the tide of distracted and reckless driving, the number one killer of young drivers. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Genesis Chiropractic ... Plan software creates an agreement between the practice owner and the patient that ... monitoring, notification, and projections. Click here to learn more. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Array BioPharma ... its Chief Executive Officer, Ron Squarer , ... Conference in New York.  The public is welcome ... on the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual Healthcare ... Wednesday, December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time Webcast: ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24. November 2015 Avery Biomedical ... Systems, ist erfreut, die Berufung von Anders ... geben zu können. ... --> Foto -   ... Von 1984-1986 war er Fellow des Cardiovascular ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015 Avery Biomedical Devices (ABD), ... to announce the appointment of Anders Jonzon , ... Dr. Jonzon is a ... Children,s Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala and Children,s Hospital, Karolinska, ... was a fellow at the Cardiovascular Institute (UCSF). His ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: