Navigation Links
Moms-to-Be Who Drink May Damage Fetus' White Matter
Date:12/19/2008

Study says brain microstructural changes may lead to cognitive problems

FRIDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can damage white matter in a fetus' frontal and occipital lobes, which play a major role in executive function and visual processing. The finding may help explain problems seen in infants whose mothers drink during pregnancy, a new study says.

"The brain's white matter is made up of nerve bundles that transfer information between brain regions," study corresponding author Susanna L. Fryer, a researcher at San Diego State University's Center for Behavioral Teratology, said in a news release.

"Optimal white-matter integrity is thought to support efficient cognition. So, the finding that prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with altered white-matter integrity may help explain aspects of the cognitive and behavioral problems that individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) commonly face," she said.

In this study, Fryer and her colleagues used a type of MRI called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to assess white-matter microstructure in the brains of 27 young people, ages 8 to 18. Of those participants, 15 were born to mothers who drank heavily during pregnancy.

"The brains of individuals with FASDs showed evidence of altered nerve fiber integrity at a microstructural level, even though total brain size was statistically equivalent between alcohol-exposed and comparison participants," Fryer said.

"Also, within the alcohol-exposed group, we generally found that white-matter microstructure did not differ based on whether youth met criteria for a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). In other words, similar brain alterations and behavioral problems can occur because of prenatal alcohol exposure, with or without the facial features and physical growth insufficiency required to diagnose FAS."

The study was published online Dec. 19 and in the March print issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

More information

The March of Dimes has more about drinking alcohol during pregnancy.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, news release, Dec. 19, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Oh Mama! Heads Back to the Lab to Create the First Ever Ginger-Ale for Moms-To-Be
2. Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Celebrates Local Moms-to-Be at Community Baby Shower
3. Moms-to-Be Who Quit Smoking Boost Chances for Easygoing Child
4. Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Celebrates Local Moms-to-Be at Community Baby Shower
5. Stop eating for two: obese moms-to-be should gain less weight than currently recommended
6. Gene Boosts Drinkers Colon Cancer Risk
7. Dont drink and ride: Improving subway safety
8. Drinking Lots of Water Can Help Keep Holiday Weight Gain at Bay : Everpure Water Filtration Products Offer Festive Ways to Stay Healthy This Season
9. Alcohol and licensing policy could be changing the habits of young drinkers
10. Statement of Peter H. Cressy, President, Distilled Spirits Council, Regarding the Monitoring the Future Survey on Underage Drinking
11. Drink Brewed Tea to Avoid Tooth Erosion
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Moms-to-Be Who Drink May Damage Fetus' White Matter
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... selected to renovate and improve the Ramsey County Medical Examiners Facility located in ... Hospital, the $2.5 million project is scheduled to start in late 2017/early 2018. ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Bernard R. Bach, Jr., MD, orthopaedic surgeon at Rush ... Society of Sports Medicine (AOSSM) , received the 2017 Robert E. Leach Sports Medicine ... Canada. This prestigious award is given annually to honor those who have made a ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... 4th-year medical students improve their chances of acceptance to a residency in a ... who have earned degrees outside the U.S. , According to data released by ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA (PRWEB) , ... July 21, ... ... with over 80% follow-up at 10 years, researchers from the Multicenter Orthopaedics Outcome ... knee-related quality of life a decade after surgery, though activity levels decline over ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 20, 2017 , ... ChenMed ... MD, has joined JenCare Senior Medical Center as Richmond Chief Medical Officer. ... School of Medicine, and Associate Chief Medical Officer of Ambulatory Services for the UVA ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/17/2017)... Fla. , July 17, 2017  MedX Holdings, ... branded medical testing, strengthening and rehabilitation equipment, today announced ... Machine Program. MedX is considered the gold standard for ... leader in specialized medical strengthening equipment. ... a lease with the physician or practice who prescribe ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) will announce its second-quarter 2017 ... management team will host a conference call and webcast before the ... The dial-in number to access the call is U.S./ Canada ... 45397076. Please dial in 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start ... the call will be available from August 8, 2017 at 11:30 ...
(Date:7/13/2017)... Medical Products, a leader in medical product innovation and global patient ... for hospice patient care. ... Centurion Medical Products ... pain management and emotional comfort are part of a hospice,s primary ... preventing unneeded emergency department admission due to severe fecal impaction. One ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: