Navigation Links
Molecular Switch in Brain May End Smokers' Cravings
Date:11/24/2008

A key receptor cuts the urge for nicotine, rat study suggests

MONDAY, Nov. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Blocking a neuropeptide receptor in the brain may be one way to quickly lessen the desire for a cigarette, a new study suggests.

Hypocretin-1, or Orexin A, a short chain of amino acids found in nerve tissue, appears to initiate a series of closely linked biochemical reactions that makes lab rats crave nicotine, the addictive chemical in tobacco, according to researchers at the Scripps Florida research institute in Jupiter.

If duplicated in humans, the finding could be lead to new smoking-cessation treatments, the researchers said.

"Blocking hypocretin-1 receptors not only decreased the motivation to continue nicotine use in rats, it also abolished the stimulatory effects of nicotine on their brain reward circuitries," study leader Paul Kenny, a scientist at Scripps Florida, explained in a news release issued by the institute. "This suggests that hypocretin-1 may play a major role in driving tobacco use in smokers to want more nicotine. If we can find a way to effectively block this receptor, it could mean a novel way to help break people's addiction to tobacco."

In the study, the researchers blocked the hypocretin-1 receptor with low doses of the selective antagonist SB-334867, a commercially available compound often used in research.

The results of the study were published in an online early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, released this week.

The findings might explain why some human smokers spontaneously quit smoking after suffering brain damage in a small area of their frontal cortex. Hypocretin-1 receptors are found in the insula, a walnut-size part of the frontal lobe of the brain, the researchers said.

Previous Scripps research found that hypocretin-1 receptors also play a central role in regulating relapse in cocaine addicts.

Cigarette smoking accounts for about 440,000 deaths and $160 billion in health-related costs annually in the United States. Only about 10 percent of smokers who attempt to quit manage to remain smoke free after one year, the researchers said.

More information

The American Cancer Society has more about quitting smoking.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: Scripps Florida, news release, Nov. 24, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. A new molecular zip code, and a new drug target for Huntingtons disease
2. New knock-out gene model provides molecular clues to breast cancer
3. Molecular probe paints cancer cells in living animals, Stanford researchers find
4. Story ideas from molecular & cellular proteomics
5. SNM seeks novel approaches to molecular imaging to showcase at annual meeting
6. SNM seeks novel approaches to molecular imaging to showcase at annual meeting
7. Molecular fingerprint of breast-cancer drug resistance can predict response to treatment
8. Molecular profiling can accurately predict survival in colon cancer patients
9. Xceed Molecular Names Fran Tuttle to Its Board of Trustees
10. Virginia G. Piper Charitable Trust and Flinn Foundation launch molecular diagnostics initiative
11. Xceed Molecular Launches Ziplex(R) Automated Gene-Expression System at the Association for Molecular Pathology, Booth 84/85
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Molecular Switch in Brain May End Smokers' Cravings
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual ... in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon ... fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... “America On The Brink”: ... “America On The Brink” is the creation of published author, William Nowers. ... As a WWII veteran, he spent thirty years in the Navy. Following ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of the Nation’s ... design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and full ... while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from an ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... HMP , a leader in healthcare events and education, today announced that ... ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during the Eddie & Ozzie Awards luncheon ... editorial and design excellence across a range of sectors. This year’s program included the ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In ... taxes a year. In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, ... overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/19/2017)... medical device company developing a non-invasive, robotically assisted, platform therapy that uses pulsed sound energy ... ... Jim Bertolina, PhD ... Tom Tefft ... executive Josh Stopek , PhD, who has led R&D and business development teams at ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... ALLENTOWN , Pa. and KALAMAZOO, Mich. ... Allentown, Penn. , and OptiMed Specialty Pharmacy ... a business partnership to offer a strategic hub service ... PMD Healthcare,s highly sought-after personal spirometer, Spiro PD 2.0, ... A spirometer is a medical device used ...
(Date:9/13/2017)...   OrthoAtlanta has been named the official orthopedic ... (AFHC) for the 2018 College Football Playoff (CFP) National Championship ... Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia . OrthoAtlanta is ... campaign, participating in many activities leading up to, and including ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: