Navigation Links
Moffitt study shows smoking cessation more successful for cancer patients who quit before surgery
Date:1/22/2013

Lung and head and neck cancer patients who smoked before surgery are more likely to relapse than those who had quit before surgery, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers say. They found that smoking-relapse prevention interventions are needed immediately after surgery to help prevent relapse.

The study was published in a recent issue of the journal Cancer.

"Cigarette smoking is responsible for 30 percent of all cancer-related mortalities," said study corresponding author Vani Nath Simmons, Ph.D., assistant member of the Health Outcomes and Behavior Program at Moffitt. "Head and neck and lung cancers are the most strongly linked to tobacco use. Many patients with these cancers make an attempt to quit smoking at the time of diagnosis. However, little attention has been paid to looking at how successful patients are at quitting and what predicts who is likely to resume smoking. This is particularly a concern for cancer patients because continued smoking can be related to cancer recurrence, cancer treatment complications, second primary tumors and poorer quality of life."

According to study co-author Thomas H. Brandon, Ph.D., director of the Tobacco Research and Intervention Program at Moffitt, "Only a few studies have examined factors associated with smoking relapse among patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer, and this information is needed to develop smoking-relapse prevention interventions for this population."

The goal of this study is to examine smoking trajectories among lung and head and neck cancer patients for 12 months after surgery and to test potential predictors of smoking relapse.

Study participants were recruited from clinics at Moffitt. Patients had either quit smoking shortly before or immediately after surgery. Smoking behavior was assessed at two, four, six and 12 months after surgery.

"We found that relapse rates varied significantly depending on a patient's pre-surgery smoking status," Simmons explained. "Sixty percent of patients who smoked during the week prior to surgery resumed smoking afterward, contrasted with a 13 percent relapse rate for those who had quit smoking prior to surgery."

Given the significantly lower relapse rates among those who quit smoking prior to surgery, smoking cessation should be encouraged at diagnosis, the researchers said. Because most relapses occurred shortly after surgery, they recommend that smoking cessation assistance is important before and after surgery

The researchers also found that factors such as high fears regarding cancer recurrence, greater proneness to depression, and less belief in their ability to quit smoking predicted smoking relapse.

"Cancer patients are highly motivated to quit, so receiving a cancer diagnosis can be viewed as a 'teachable moment' for delivering smoking cessation and relapse prevention interventions," Brandon said.

"Cancer patients need to know that it's never too late to quit," Simmons said. "Of course, it would be best if they quit smoking before getting cancer; but barring that, they should quit as soon as they get diagnosed. And with a little assistance, there is no reason that they can't succeed."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Polacek
kim.polacek@moffitt.org
813-745-7408
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Moffitt researchers find cancer therapies affect cognitive functioning among breast cancer survivors
2. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers: Quality of life as important as quantity of life
3. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers working at frontiers of melanoma research
4. Moffitt researchers find adolescents with cancer concerned about their future reproductive health
5. Moffitt researcher publishes book on nutritional management of cancer treatment effects
6. Moffitt researcher awarded GE grant to develop tool to detect breast cancer metastasis genetic risks
7. Researchers creating designer lymph nodes based on Moffitts Total Cancer Care initiative
8. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers identify drivers of sarcoma growth and survival
9. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers develop and test new anti-cancer vaccine
10. Moffitt researcher, colleagues find success with new immune approach to fighting some cancers
11. Moffitt researchers: Darwins principles say cancer will always evolve to resist treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... Greenville, SC (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... , is excited to announce the opening of a Greenville, South Carolina ... center for digital progress in Greenville. , “We’ve been working with South Carolina clients ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... ... iaedp Foundation, the premier provider of educational programs and training standards for eating disorder ... disordered eating, announced today that the 2017 Symposium set a new attendance record of ... converged on the Green Valley Resort in Las Vegas. , “We are thrilled ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Pittsburgh, PA (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 ... ... the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions ... realize this goal, Elliance and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Viewers who like to ... critical historical facts, cultural practices, goods, services, and societal issues tend to appreciate and ... into the popular practice of utilizing running events for causes around the world. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year One #A365DayJourney ... writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year ... of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, wife and mother ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... PUNE, India , March 24, 2017 According to ... Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022," the spine bone stimulators market was ... by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 3.6% during the forecast period. ... ... Allied Market Research Logo ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Dental Implants in US$ ... Canada , Japan , Europe ... and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... pipeline is very strong with a total of 97 drug candidates. Pharma ... Sanofi are involved in the development of the IPF therapeutics. The IPF ... III stage, 15 are in Phase II stage, 12 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: