Navigation Links
Moffitt study shows smoking cessation more successful for cancer patients who quit before surgery
Date:1/22/2013

Lung and head and neck cancer patients who smoked before surgery are more likely to relapse than those who had quit before surgery, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers say. They found that smoking-relapse prevention interventions are needed immediately after surgery to help prevent relapse.

The study was published in a recent issue of the journal Cancer.

"Cigarette smoking is responsible for 30 percent of all cancer-related mortalities," said study corresponding author Vani Nath Simmons, Ph.D., assistant member of the Health Outcomes and Behavior Program at Moffitt. "Head and neck and lung cancers are the most strongly linked to tobacco use. Many patients with these cancers make an attempt to quit smoking at the time of diagnosis. However, little attention has been paid to looking at how successful patients are at quitting and what predicts who is likely to resume smoking. This is particularly a concern for cancer patients because continued smoking can be related to cancer recurrence, cancer treatment complications, second primary tumors and poorer quality of life."

According to study co-author Thomas H. Brandon, Ph.D., director of the Tobacco Research and Intervention Program at Moffitt, "Only a few studies have examined factors associated with smoking relapse among patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer, and this information is needed to develop smoking-relapse prevention interventions for this population."

The goal of this study is to examine smoking trajectories among lung and head and neck cancer patients for 12 months after surgery and to test potential predictors of smoking relapse.

Study participants were recruited from clinics at Moffitt. Patients had either quit smoking shortly before or immediately after surgery. Smoking behavior was assessed at two, four, six and 12 months after surgery.

"We found that relapse rates varied significantly depending on a patient's pre-surgery smoking status," Simmons explained. "Sixty percent of patients who smoked during the week prior to surgery resumed smoking afterward, contrasted with a 13 percent relapse rate for those who had quit smoking prior to surgery."

Given the significantly lower relapse rates among those who quit smoking prior to surgery, smoking cessation should be encouraged at diagnosis, the researchers said. Because most relapses occurred shortly after surgery, they recommend that smoking cessation assistance is important before and after surgery

The researchers also found that factors such as high fears regarding cancer recurrence, greater proneness to depression, and less belief in their ability to quit smoking predicted smoking relapse.

"Cancer patients are highly motivated to quit, so receiving a cancer diagnosis can be viewed as a 'teachable moment' for delivering smoking cessation and relapse prevention interventions," Brandon said.

"Cancer patients need to know that it's never too late to quit," Simmons said. "Of course, it would be best if they quit smoking before getting cancer; but barring that, they should quit as soon as they get diagnosed. And with a little assistance, there is no reason that they can't succeed."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Polacek
kim.polacek@moffitt.org
813-745-7408
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Moffitt researchers find cancer therapies affect cognitive functioning among breast cancer survivors
2. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers: Quality of life as important as quantity of life
3. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers working at frontiers of melanoma research
4. Moffitt researchers find adolescents with cancer concerned about their future reproductive health
5. Moffitt researcher publishes book on nutritional management of cancer treatment effects
6. Moffitt researcher awarded GE grant to develop tool to detect breast cancer metastasis genetic risks
7. Researchers creating designer lymph nodes based on Moffitts Total Cancer Care initiative
8. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers identify drivers of sarcoma growth and survival
9. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers develop and test new anti-cancer vaccine
10. Moffitt researcher, colleagues find success with new immune approach to fighting some cancers
11. Moffitt researchers: Darwins principles say cancer will always evolve to resist treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/7/2016)... Clarkston, Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... in recognition of National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is the ... stroke in women. Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among women ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... US Sports Camps is proud ... . This event brings together top non-profit leaders, ultimate organizations, and coaches from around ... Valerio Iani, Bay Area Disc Program Director of Youth and Education, describes this year ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Steven Tonkinson, 36, of Coconut ... every year since it started in 2003. This year, he ran all 26.2 miles ... runners and NBA team the Miami Heat. , This Sunday, while many are watching ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Successful recruitment and ... clinical and scientific initiatives have all marked the last 12 months at Roswell ... CEO of the nation’s oldest cancer center, Candace S. Johnson, PhD, outlined the ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... York (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Looking ... answer may be at the tips of your toes. Foot massage, whether administered by ... as pure comfort and relaxation. The American Board of Multiple Specialties in Podiatry ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... in Alabama seeking prostate care with ... have to travel out of state. Vituro Health ... of Alabama to provide a total prostate management program ... Alabama is known throughout the ... using many different modalities. They are the largest and one ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 ... the addition of the "Global Musculoskeletal ... company profile to their offering. ... the addition of the "Global Musculoskeletal ... company profile to their offering. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Venice,s newest ... is the first of its kind in the ... tattoos through advanced laser treatment. The physician-owned and ... Suncoast by storm with its revitalizing ... and advanced multi-wavelength Astanza Trinity technology. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: