Navigation Links
Moderate coffee consumption may reduce risk of diabetes by up to 25 percent
Date:12/4/2012

Drinking three to four cups of coffee per day may help to prevent type 2 diabetes according to research highlighted in a session report published by the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC), a not-for-profit organisation devoted to the study and disclosure of science related to coffee and health.

Recent scientific evidence has consistently linked regular, moderate coffee consumption with a possible reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An update of this research and key findings presented during a session at the 2012 World Congress on Prevention of Diabetes and Its Complications (WCPD) is summarised in the report.

The report outlines the epidemiological evidence linking coffee consumption to diabetes prevention, highlighting research that shows three to four cups of coffee per day is associated with an approximate 25 per cent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared to consuming none or less than two cups per day1. Another study also found an inverse dose dependent response effect with each additional cup of coffee reducing the relative risk by 7-8 per cent2.

Whilst these epidemiological studies suggest an association between moderate coffee consumption and reduced risk of developing diabetes, they are unable to infer a causal effect. As such, clinical intervention trails are required to study the effect in a controlled setting. One prospective randomized controlled trial3, tested glucose and insulin after an oral glucose tolerance test with 12g decaffeinated coffee, 1g chlorogenic acid, 500 mg trigonelline, or placebo. This study demonstrated that chlorogenic acid, and trigonelline reduced early glucose and insulin responses, and contribute to the putative beneficial effect of coffee.

The report notes that the association between coffee consumption a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes could be seen as counter intuitive, as drinking coffee is often linked to unhealthier habits, such as smoking and low levels of physical activity. Furthermore, studies have illustrated that moderate coffee consumption is not associated with an increased risk of hypertension, stroke or coronary heart disease4 ,5, 6. Research with patients with CVD has also shown that moderate coffee consumption is inversely associated with risk of heart failure, with a J-shaped relationship7.

Finally, the report puts forward some of the key mechanistic theories that underlie the possible relationship between coffee consumption and the reduced risk of diabetes. These included the 'Energy Expenditure Hypothesis', which suggests that the caffeine in coffee stimulates metabolism and increases energy expenditure and the 'Carbohydrate Metabolic Hypothesis', whereby it is thought that coffee components play a key role by influencing the glucose balance within the body. There is also a subset of theories that suggest coffee contains components that may improve insulin sensitivity though mechanisms such as modulating inflammatory pathways, mediating the oxidative stress of cells, hormonal effects or by reducing iron stores.

Dr. Pilar Riob Servn, Associate Chief of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Jimnez Daz-Capio Hospital of Madrid and a speaker at the WCPD session concludes the report, commenting: "A dose-dependent inverse association between coffee drinking and total mortality has been demonstrated in general population and it persists among diabetics. Although more research on the effect of coffee in health is yet needed, current information suggests that coffee is not as bad as previously considered!"


'/>"/>
Contact: Emma Knott
emma.knott@kaizo.co.uk
020-317-64715
European Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Moderate Drinking in Pregnancy Tied to Lower IQ in Child
2. Digital tablets improve speed and ease of reading for people with moderate vision loss
3. Antibiotic therapy improves moderate exacerbations of mild-to-moderate COPD
4. Moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of kidney cancer
5. New study suggests moderate alcohol consumption may help prevent bone loss
6. Moderate Drinking May Cut Womens Odds for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Study
7. Even Moderate Exercise Might Cut Breast Cancer Risk: Study
8. Higher quality of life seen among regular moderate drinkers than among abstainers
9. Moderate Drinking During Pregnancy Has No Effect on Young Children: Study
10. Latest coffee and health research to be debated at the World Congress on Prevention of Diabetes
11. Heavy Coffee Intake May Affect Fertility Treatments: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... SABRE ... Scholarship Sweepstakes.,  , Molli C., a graduate student from Sonora, California, who will ... Administration at St. Thomas University in Miami, Florida, was selected from a pool ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... HOUSTON, Texas (PRWEB) , ... September 22, 2017 ... ... leading network of independent freestanding emergency rooms is celebrating the one year anniversary ... anniversary of our facility opening,” said Dr. Otinwa, Facility Medical Director of First ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... products at customers’ doorstep. According to Smart Mart, customers can now order vegetable, ... offer wearable, and customers can find clothing at discounted prices. Apart from this, ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Process Capability ... p.m. – 3:00 p.m. ET, http://www.fdanews.com/processcapabilityindices      , Quality ... run afoul of The Quality System Regulation (§820.250), and Devicemakers find themselves staring ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... in their communities, nine governmental public health departments have been awarded five-year accreditation ... decisions mean that the benefits of being served by a PHAB-accredited health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/13/2017)... Sept. 13, 2017   OrthoAtlanta has been named ... Football Host Committee (AFHC) for the 2018 College Football Playoff ... 2018, at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia ... AFHC "I,m In" campaign, participating in many activities leading up ... ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... , Sept. 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., ... Solutions (VLMS), is pleased to announce the appointment ... member of its Board of Directors and Chairman ... VLMS enables life science companies to manage their ... use of paper in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis ...
(Date:9/9/2017)...  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ... for lasmiditan, an investigational, oral, first-in-class molecule for the ... compared to placebo in the Phase 3 SPARTAN study. ... Congress of the International Headache Society (IHC) in ... today demonstrate lasmiditan,s potential to reduce pain and provide ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: