Navigation Links
Miriam Hospital researchers analyze AUDs, sexual behavior among South African men

PROVIDENCE, R.I. In a study of South African men who drink alcohol in informal drinking environments or "shebeens," researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found a high prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) that directly correlates to unprotected sex. Findings support the need for interventions targeting both alcohol and HIV-risk behaviors among South African men who drink alcohol in alcohol-serving venues. The study and its findings are published in the July issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Lori A. Scott-Sheldon, Ph.D., lead author and researcher at The Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine at The Miriam Hospital, and her colleagues examined the extent to which alcohol consumption among patrons of shebeens meets criteria for AUD, a treatable, manageable chronic condition. Shebeens in South Africa are settings in which alcohol use and sexual behavior often co-occur, and the prevalence of AUDs among men frequenting public drinking venues may in part explain South Africa's high rates of HIV.

"The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains a major public health concern in South Africa, home to the largest number of people living with HIV in the world," said Scott-Sheldon. "Not only do South Africans bear the heaviest HIV burden, they also have the highest levels of alcohol consumption per adult drinker worldwide."

Rates of hazardous or harmful drinking (defined as a pattern of drinking that increases the risk of adverse health events or consequences) are also high with one-third of South African adult drinkers reporting hazardous or harmful alcohol use. Prior research in sub-Saharan Africa shows that alcohol use is associated with increased sexual risk behaviors that put people at risk for HIV. Consequently, alcohol consumption, as a contributing factor of HIV infection as well as other health consequences, is a major public health concern in South Africa.

Scott-Sheldon led a study of 763 men with an average age of 30 years old. They were recruited from townships in Cape Town, South Africa, and completed a self-administered survey that assessed alcohol use, sexual risk behaviors, and alcohol use situations and settings.

"Nearly two-thirds of men met criteria for AUD," Scott-Sheldon concluded. "Alcohol Use Disorder was associated with HIV risk such that men with AUD reported more unprotected sex than men without AUD.

"Of the men who met criteria for an alcohol use disorder," Scott-Sheldon added, "nearly one-third were classified as having a severe disorder. Men with an alcohol use disorder also reported engaging in unprotected sex more than men without a disorder."


Contact: Elena Falcone-Relvas

Related medicine news :

1. Miriam Hospital study shows how to make statewide health campaigns more effective
2. Miriam Hospital receives 8th consecutive award for quality care
3. Miriam Hospital receives renewal of NIH grant for AIDS Clinical Trials Group
4. Miriam Hospital study shows social gaming site effective weight loss tool
5. Miriam Hospital study links intimate partner violence and risk of HIV
6. Miriam Hospital researcher awarded $2.9 million NIH grant to study impact of maternal smoking
7. Miriam researcher helps develop global hepatitis C recommendations for injection-drug users
8. Miriam study reveals financial benefits of a plant-based, Mediterranean diet
9. Miriam researchers urge physicians to ask younger men about erectile dysfunction symptoms
10. Pharmacy study expects to lower hospital readmissions
11. Study shows cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation counseling during hospitalization
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... November 29, 2015 , ... Doctors who missed a ... to recognize the signs of mesothelioma and push for a diagnosis, especially in people ... website. Click here to read it now. , Researchers at Gifu ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... Diego, California (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2015 ... ... medical image exchange technology and teleradiology services, has added Chris Hafey and Claude ... to exhibit at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2015 Annual Meeting ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2015 , ... Pixel Film ... customizable media panels to choose from, the possibilities are endless. Users have full control ... With the ProPanel: Pulse masking effects, users are sure to get heads to turn. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article published ... that they are handling security in light of the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, ... attempt to stop an attack from reaching U.S. soil. Especially around special events that ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... "When I was traveling, I was ... N.J. "Many people catch diseases simply from sitting on such dirty toilet seats. ... from germs." , He developed the patent-pending QUDRATECS to eliminate the need to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Testing Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, ... their offering. --> ) ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ) ... Care Market by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound ... Out-Patient Facility), and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" ... --> --> The purpose of this ... of the global advanced wound care market. It involves ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research and ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, ... --> --> ... of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: