Navigation Links
Mindfulness therapy might help veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder
Date:4/17/2013

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Mindfulness exercises that include meditation, stretching, and acceptance of thoughts and emotions might help veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder find relief from their symptoms.

A new collaborative study from the University of Michigan Health System and the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System shows that veterans with PTSD who completed an 8-week mindfulness-based group treatment plan showed a significant reduction in symptoms as compared to patients who underwent treatment as normal.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, or MBCT, combines the practice of cognitive therapy with the meditative approach of mindfulness that stresses an increased awareness of all thoughts and emotions.

Previous research has shown stress reduction classes that use mindfulness meditation have been beneficial to people with a history of trauma exposure -- including veterans, civilians with war-related trauma and adults with a history of childhood sexual abuse but the new study is the first to examine the effect of mindfulness-based psychotherapy for PTSD with veterans in a PTSD clinic.

The study was published online today in Depression and Anxiety.

"The results of our trial are encouraging for veterans trying to find help for PTSD," says Anthony P. King, Ph.D., the study's lead author and research assistant professor in the U-M Department of Psychiatry, who performed the study in collaboration with psychologists at the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System. "Mindfulness techniques seemed to lead to a reduction in symptoms and might be a potentially effective novel therapeutic approach to PTSD and trauma-related conditions."

Veterans in the mindfulness treatment groups participated in in-class exercises such as mindful eating, in which they focus on sensations associated with eating very slowly; "body scanning," an exercise where patients focus on physical sensations in individual parts of the body, paying special attention to pain and tension; mindful movement and stretching; and "mindfulness meditation" including focusing on the breath and emotions. The participants were also instructed to practice mindfulness at home through audio-recorded exercises and during the day while doing activities such as walking, eating and showering.

After eight weeks of treatment, 73 percent of patients in the mindfulness group displayed meaningful improvement compared to 33 percent in the treatment-as- usual groups.

King says the most noticeable area of improvement for patients in the mindfulness group was a reduction in avoidance symptoms. One of the main tenets of mindfulness therapy is a sustained focus on thoughts and memories, even ones that might be unpleasant.

"Part of the psychological process of PTSD often includes avoidance and suppression of painful emotions and memories, which allows symptoms of the disorder to continue," King says. "Through the mindfulness intervention, however, we found that many of our patients were able to stop this pattern of avoidance and see an improvement in their symptoms."

Mindfulness techniques also emphasize focus and attention to positive experiences and nonjudgmental acceptance to one's thoughts and emotions. Because of this, the researchers found that the patients in the mindfulness group experienced a decrease in feelings of self-blame and a trend toward decreased perception of the world as a dangerous place.

King says the results of this pilot study are encouraging, but further studies with a larger sample size are needed to fully explore the breadth of mindfulness intervention benefits. He added that the U-M-VA group is currently conducting a larger study including military veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.

"Further studies will help us understand whether mindfulness training is more aptly considered an adjunct option to gold-standard trauma-focused treatments such as prolonged exposure or EMDR, or whether it can function as an intervention in its own right for treating avoidance and other symptoms," he says.

"Either way, mindfulness-based therapies provide a strategy that encourages active engagement for participants, are easy to learn and appear to have significant benefits for veterans with PTSD."


'/>"/>

Contact: Justin Harris
juaha@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Mindfulness from meditation associated with lower stress hormone
2. Mindfulness at school reduces likelihood of depression-related symptoms in adolescents
3. Mindfulness meditation may relieve chronic inflammation
4. Mindfulness meditation reduces loneliness in older adults, Carnegie Mellon study shows
5. Physicians mindfulness skills can improve care for patient and provider
6. From Hydro Med Inc: New Therapy for Tinnitus to be presented April 15. It’s the ability of a Patient to Show their Tinnitus
7. Radiation Therapy May Raise Future Death Risk From Heart Surgery
8. Healthcare Staffing Leader, Aureus Medical Group, to Exhibit at the American Occupational Therapy Association’s 93rd Annual Conference & Expo
9. Electrical Stimulation Could Zap the Need for Physical Therapy Following Knee Replacement
10. Yoga Therapy and Ayurveda Training Offered in 2013 by the California College of Ayurveda in Val Morin, Canada
11. 2-step ovarian cancer immunotherapy made from patients own tumor shows promise
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... David J. Dykeman , Ginger Pigott , and ... speak at DeviceTalks West, Dec. 12, 2016, at the Fairmont Newport Beach in California. ... firm’s global Life Sciences & Medical Technology Group have been featured speakers at every ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Tampa, Fla (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 ... ... offering smarter modes of access for customers and employees that are both engaging ... ChangeGear 7 with Service Smart Technology, the software company revealed today its plans ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Catalent Pharma Solutions, the leading global provider ... products, today announced that it had joined the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative (PSCI). ... unite pharmaceutical and healthcare companies that share a vision of better, social, environmental ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... STAT courier is pleased ... a convenient service for Texas, they are expanding their presence in Dallas. One of ... spree that will bring new jobs to the Dallas and Forth Worth market. STAT ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Today’s patients are encouraged to ... mind, SIGVARIS has created a new line of anti-embolism stockings to help prevent ... the benefits of graduated compression when transitioning from recovery to early rehabilitation. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... AMSTERDAM , December 8, 2016 Information ... TM metrics in Scopus , the world,s largest ... free access to comprehensive metrics for journals from over 5,000 publishers. ... publish, which journals to subscribe to and when to adjust a ... , , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 According to the research report, ... is expected to be worth US$9.7 bn by the ... Between the forecast years of 2016 and 2024, the global ... The leading players operating in the global diabetes injection pens ... plc., Biocon Ltd., and Sanofi S.A. Transparency Market Research reports ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 According to a new market research report ... Therapeutic (Pain, Insulin)), End Use (Sports, Fitness, RPM), Type (Smart watch, Patch), ... global market, in terms of value, is projected to reach 12.14 Billion ... 18.0% during the forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: