Navigation Links
Mindfulness meditation may relieve chronic inflammation
Date:1/16/2013

MADISON People suffering from chronic inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and asthma in which psychological stress plays a major role may benefit from mindfulness meditation techniques, according to a study by University of Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientists with the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the Waisman Center.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction, originally designed for patients with chronic pain, consists of continuously focusing attention on the breath, bodily sensations and mental content while seated, walking or practicing yoga.

While interest in meditation as a means of reducing stress has grown over the years, there has been little evidence to support benefits specific to mindfulness meditation practice. This was the first study designed to control for other therapeutic mechanisms, such as supportive social interaction, expert instruction, or learning new skills.

A class in stress reduction can be beneficial in many ways, some of which have little to do with mindfulness, according to Melissa Rosenkranz, assistant scientist at the center and lead author on the paper, which was published recently in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity. For example, learning to manage stress by engaging in regular physical activity may be therapeutic.

"We wanted to develop an intervention that was meant to produce positive change and compare the mindfulness approach to an intervention that was structurally equivalent," Rosenkranz says.

The study compared two methods of reducing stress: a mindfulness meditation-based approach, and a program designed to enhance health in ways unrelated to mindfulness.

The comparison group participated in the Health Enhancement Program, which consisted of nutritional education; physical activity, such as walking; balance, agility and core strengthening; and music therapy. The content of the program was meant to match aspects of the mindfulness instruction in some way.

For example, physical exercise was meant to match walking meditation, without the mindfulness component.

Both groups had the same amount of training, the same level of expertise in the instructors, and the same amount of home practice required by participants.

"In this setting, we could see if there were changes that we could detect that were specific to mindfulness," Rosenkranz explains.

Using a tool called the Trier Social Stress Test to induce psychological stress, and a capsaicin cream to produce inflammation on the skin, immune and endocrine measures were collected before and after training in the two methods. While both techniques were proven effective in reducing stress, the mindfulness-based stress reduction approach was more effective at reducing stress-induced inflammation.

The results show that behavioral interventions designed to reduce emotional reactivity are beneficial to people suffering from chronic inflammatory conditions. The study also suggests that mindfulness techniques may be more effective in relieving inflammatory symptoms than other activities that promote well-being.

Rosenkranz emphasizes that the mindfulness-based approach is not a magic bullet. "This is not a cure-all, but our study does show that there are specific ways that mindfulness can be beneficial, and that there are specific people who may be more likely to benefit from this approach than other interventions."

Significant portions of the population do not benefit from available pharmaceutical treatment options, for example. Some of these patients suffer from negative side effects of the drugs, or simply do not respond to the standard-of-care for treatment of the disorder.

"The mindfulness-based approach to stress reduction may offer a lower-cost alternative or complement to standard treatment, and it can be practiced easily by patients in their own homes, whenever they need," Rosenkranz says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Alison DeShaw Rowe
deshaw@wisc.edu
608-890-3074
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Mindfulness meditation reduces loneliness in older adults, Carnegie Mellon study shows
2. Physicians mindfulness skills can improve care for patient and provider
3. Best Christmas Gift for 2012: Instant Stress Relief on CD! Relaxintuit.com’s Award-Winning Meditation CD Soothes Anxiety, Depression, Pain & Supports Deep, Healthy Sleep
4. Templeton Foundation awards grant for meditation research
5. Meditation Might Cut Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke in Blacks
6. Meditation appears to produce enduring changes in emotional processing in the brain
7. Meditation May Help Fight Loneliness, Study Says
8. Exercise, Meditation Can Beat Back Cold, Flu, Study Finds
9. Meditation Method a Matter of Taste
10. Mindful Meditation Tied to Healthy Brain Changes: Study
11. Meditation practice may decrease risk for cardiovascular disease in teens
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2017)... ... April 29, 2017 , ... Saturday, April 29, ... positive impact veterinarians have on animal health and welfare as well as on ... Health (OIE) choose a theme each year and this year have selected “Antimicrobial ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... It's ... there are a number of illnesses that are unclear as to whether or not ... their heads. Bronchitis is one of these illnesses. So, FindaTopDoc took a look into ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... , ... April 28, 2017 , ... Getting enough sleep affects much more than energy ... going just 19 hours without sleep can compromise motor reaction time, which can increase the ... Amica Insurance is sharing the following tips from the NSF to help you sleep better ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management ... officers for 2017-2018. The annual board election process has been in place since the ... , Thomas C. Dickerson, Ed.D., FACHE, succeeds Jim Hamilton, MHA, CMM, FRBMA, as president. ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... National Harbor, Md. (PRWEB) , ... April 28, ... ... Urgent Care Association of America (UCAOA) and College of Urgent Care Medicine will ... Momentum 2017 workshops, sessions and speakers will help those in the industry adapt ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 Global Prostate Cancer ... on the prostate cancer therapeutics market analyzes the ... Increasing prevalence of prostate cancer, launch of promising ... development of new drugs & therapeutic biological products, ... due to lesser side effects are some of ...
(Date:4/19/2017)...  Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: SRNE ... new treatments for cancer and other unmet medical ... announced underwritten public offering of 23,625,084 shares of ... of $2.00 per share, before deducting underwriting discounts ... Sorrento.  The net proceeds to Sorrento from this ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017  Novartis today announced the publication ... Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National ... patients with treatment-naïve severe aplastic anemia (SAA) achieved ... eltrombopag at the initiation of and concurrently with ... three sequential treatment groups, or cohorts. Cohort 3 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: