Navigation Links
Mind over matter: Beating pain and painkillers
Date:2/4/2014

With nearly one-third of Americans suffering from chronic pain, prescription opioid painkillers have become the leading form of treatment for this debilitating condition. Unfortunately, misuse of prescription opioids can lead to serious side effectsincluding death by overdose. A new treatment developed by University of Utah researcher Eric Garland has shown to not only lower pain but also decrease prescription opioid misuse among chronic pain patients.

Results of a study by Garland published online Feb. 3 in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, showed that the new treatment led to a 63 percent reduction in opioid misuse, compared to a 32 percent reduction among participants of a conventional support group. Additionally, participants in the new treatment group experienced a 22 percent reduction in pain-related impairment, which lasted for three months after the end of treatment.

The new intervention, called Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement, or MORE, is designed to train people to respond differently to pain, stress and opioid-related cues.

MORE targets the underlying processes involved in chronic pain and opioid misuse by combining three therapeutic components: mindfulness training, reappraisal and savoring.

  • Mindfulness involves training the mind to increase awareness, gain control over one's attention and regulate automatic habits.

  • Reappraisal is the process of reframing the meaning of a stressful or adverse event in such a way as to see it as purposeful or growth promoting.

  • Savoring is the process of learning to focus attention on positive events to increase one's sensitivity to naturally rewarding experiences, such as enjoying a beautiful nature scene or experiencing a sense of connection with a loved one.

"Mental interventions can address physical problems, like pain, on both psychological and biological levels because the mind and body are interconnected," Garland said. "Anything that happens in the brain happens in the bodyso by changing brain functioning, you alter the functioning of the body."

To test the treatment, 115 chronic pain patients were randomly assigned to eight weeks of either MORE or conventional support group therapy, and outcomes were measured through questionnaires at pre- and post-treatment, and again at a three-month follow-up. Nearly three-quarters of the group misused opioid painkillers before starting the program by taking higher doses than prescribed, using opioids to alleviate stress and anxiety or another method of unauthorized self-medication with opioids.

Among the skills taught by MORE were a daily 15-minute mindfulness practice session guided by a CD and three minutes of mindful breathing prior to taking opioid medication. This practice was intended to increase awareness of opioid cravinghelping participants clarify whether opioid use was driven by urges versus a legitimate need for pain relief.

"People who are in chronic pain need relief, and opioids are medically appropriate for many individuals," Garland said. "However, a new option is needed because existing treatments may not adequately alleviate pain while avoiding the problems that stem from chronic opioid use."

MORE is currently being tested in a pilot brain imaging trial as a smoking cessation treatment, and there are plans to test the intervention with people suffering from mental health problems who also have alcohol addiction. Further testing on active-duty soldiers with chronic pain and a larger trial among civilians is planned. If studies continue to demonstrate positive outcomes, MORE could be prescribed by doctors as an adjunct to traditional pain management services.


'/>"/>

Contact: Eric Garland
eric.garland@socwk.utah.edu
801-581-3826
University of Utah
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists first to see trafficking of immune cells in beating heart
2. The FDA is Pushing For Greater Restrictions on Prescription Painkillers: Now what?
3. Avoiding Addiction When Powerful Opioid Painkillers Are Needed, From the November 2013 Harvard Health Letter
4. Long-term use of prescription-based painkillers increases the risk of depression, SLU researcher finds
5. ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
6. ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
7. Chronic use of prescription painkillers continues following bariatric surgery
8. Report: Painkillers And Heroin Abuse Now An Epidemic In New Jersey
9. High Doses of Common Painkillers May Raise Risk for Heart Trouble
10. Long-term use of prescription painkillers for back pain linked to erectile dysfunction in men
11. FDA Panel Votes for Tougher Curbs on Vicodin, Other Painkillers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Mind over matter: Beating pain and painkillers
(Date:5/24/2016)... Boulder, CO (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 ... ... been tied to family wealth and to housing, with more advantaged communities providing ... have proposed five types of interventions: (a) school improvement policies; (b) school choice ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... How to Write Error Free ... http://www.fdanews.com/humanerrordrugdevice , Human error is known to be the major cause of ... will ever be totally eliminated, many human performance problems can be prevented. , How ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Mental health watchdog Citizens ... of Scientology and renowned professor of psychiatry Thomas Szasz, is continuing its protest against ... Industry of Death” exhibit in Atlanta, Georgia. The opening of the exhibit follows CCHR’s ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... (PRWEB) May 24, 2016 -- Grow Healthy Vending, LLC ... Joining the Grow Healthy Advisory Board team are Amanda Katchka, ... mission of our organization and bring talent, expertise and energy to ... continue to expand our footprint as the leader in healthy vending,” ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Physical therapy ... on repairing the musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems of the human body without recourse ... began providing treatments for physical therapy in New York, including dynamic neuromuscular ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... DHABI , UAE, May 23, 2016 ... the importance of Precision Medicine and the role ...     The First International Conference ... under the distinguished patronage and presence of Sheikh Nahyan ... The conference focused in Precision Medicine, which helps provide personalized ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... , May 20, 2016 ... 2016 to Medical Devices of its online business ... survey on the current state of the Titrator ... the industry like definitions, classifications, Specifications, applications and ... manufacturing process like Raw Material Suppliers, Equipment Suppliers, ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... May 19, 2016  According to the World ... world lacks basic diagnostic imaging. Whereas mammography or ... the United States , many places around ... In fact, the WHO reports that those approximately ... or treatable death, simply due to the unavailability ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: