Navigation Links
Mid-morning snacking may sabotage weight-loss efforts
Date:11/28/2011

SEATTLE Women dieters who grab a snack between breakfast and lunch lose less weight compared to those who abstain from a mid-morning snack, according to a study led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

The results of this randomized trial, led by Anne McTiernan, M.D., Ph.D., a member of the Hutchinson Center's Public Health Sciences Division and director of its Prevention Center, will be published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

In the course of the year-long study, the researchers found that mid-morning snackers lost an average of 7 percent of their total body weight while those who ate a healthy breakfast but did not snack before lunch lost more than 11 percent of their body weight. For the study, a snack was defined as any food or drink that was consumed between main meals.

"We think this finding may not relate necessarily to the time of day one snacks, but rather to the short interval between breakfast and lunch. Mid-morning snacking therefore might be a reflection of recreational or mindless eating habits rather than eating to satisfy true hunger," said McTiernan, the corresponding author of the paper.

While snacking too close to a main meal may be detrimental to weight loss, waiting too long between meals also may sabotage dieting efforts, she said. "Snacking could be part of a dieter's toolkit if they're eating in response to true hunger. Individuals should determine if they experience long intervals such as more than five hours between meals. Adding a snack might help people deal better with hunger and ultimately help them to make more sound choices at their next meal."

The study also revealed that women who reported eating more than two snacks a day had higher fiber intake than those who snacked less frequently, and afternoon nibblers ate more fruits and vegetables compared to women who didn't snack between lunch and dinner.

The ancillary study, part of a larger randomized clinical trial designed to test the effects of nutrition and exercise on breast cancer risk, involved 123 overweight-to-obese postmenopausal Seattle-area women, ages 50 to 75, who were randomly assigned to either a diet-alone intervention (goal: 1,200 to 2,000 calories a day, depending on starting weight, and fewer than 30 percent of daily calories from fat), or diet plus exercise (same calorie and fat restrictions plus 45 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise per day, five days a week). While the women received nutrition counseling they were not given any specific instructions or recommendations about snacking behavior.

At the end of the study the women were asked to record the time, type and frequency of meals consumed on a normal day. Percent of calories from fat, fiber and fruit and vegetable intake were also estimated using a food-frequency questionnaire.

"Many people think that a weight-loss program has to mean always feeling hungry," McTiernan said. "Our study suggests that snacking may actually help with weight loss if not done too close to another meal, particularly if the snacks are healthy foods that can help you feel full without adding too many calories."

Nationwide surveys indicate that 97 percent of U.S. adults report snacking, and such behavior is consistent across age groups. One study that surveyed a national random sample of more than 1,500 adults found that the most commonly preferred snacks were salty and crunchy items such as potato chips, pretzels and nuts; baked goods such as cookies and cakes; fruits; and ice cream.

Not all snacks are created equal, however. Foods less conducive to weight loss include empty-calorie items that contribute fat, salt, sugar and little nutritional value, such as potato chips and sugar-sweetened beverages.

For a woman on a weight-loss diet, a healthy snack should pack a nutritional wallop without breaking the calorie bank. "Since women on a weight-loss program only have a limited number of calories to spend each day, it is important for them to incorporate nutrient-dense foods that are no more than 200 calories per serving," McTiernan said. "The best snacks for a weight-loss program are proteins such as low-fat yogurt, string cheese, or a small handful of nuts; non-starchy vegetables; fresh fruits; whole-grain crackers; and non-calorie beverages such as water, coffee and tea."
'/>"/>

Contact: Kristen Woodward
kwoodwar@fhcrc.org
206-667-5095
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Snacking Totals a Quarter of Daily Calories for Many
2. Many Kids Skipping Meals, Snacking Instead
3. Sugar-Free, Gluten-Free Snack Bites are Perfect for Portion Control Snacking On the Go
4. New study suggests stem cells sabotage their own DNA to produce new tissues
5. Weighing Weight-Loss Programs
6. Weight Watchers Produces Bigger Losers Than Standard Weight-Loss Care
7. U.S. Women Using Dangerous Weight-Loss Pill 2 Years After Recall
8. Weight-Loss Surgery Gains More Practitioners
9. Rigorous Exercise May Boost Benefits of Weight-Loss Surgery
10. Weight-loss surgery cost-effective for all obese
11. Weight-Loss Surgery Helps Less Obese Patients: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/28/2017)... City, FL (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2017 , ... ... be treated with Nerve-Express, the latest Heart Rate Variability (HRV) diagnostic test. , Nerve-Express, ... heart rate and R-R interval, indicating the state of a patient’s autonomic nervous system ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2017 , ... ... of America (PPOA), is proud to announce that Sheldon K. Cho, MD, has ... interventional pain management, a specialty that concentrates on minimally invasive techniques to treat ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... TX (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2017 , ... Hate visiting the dentist? You should ... you'll need to take care of your teeth at home. Here are some dental tips ... after meals. Keep a small toothbrush in your work desk or a locker at school ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... Most us are familiar with the sound of occasional ... the Osteoarthritis Initiative shows that certain people who experience consistent joint popping, grating ... give doctors the opportunity to treat patients before the problem becomes pronounced, potentially hedging ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Leading CEOs from biotech, ... 30th and 31st at The Four Seasons Hotel Boston. , The Boston ... sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision makers who influence deal making and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/8/2017)... , May 8, 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... Inc. ("WRB"), a health care service center company ... WRB specializes in relationship management programs for leading ... WRB will join Envoy ... support services for manufacturers, biotech firms, and other service ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... Tenn. , May 4, 2017  A ... Infection Control, Ultraviolet-C light as a ... Tru-D SmartUVC,s ability to reduce bioburden on anesthesia ... bioburden reduction on high-touch, complex medical equipment surfaces ... surgical infections. "This study further validates ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... 2017   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... of proprietary clinical grade hypothermic storage and ... today announced that the Company,s first quarter 2017 financial ... May 11, 2017, and that the Company will host ... PT that afternoon. Management will provide an overview of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: