Navigation Links
Method for assessing hand bone density may prevent hip fractures
Date:11/19/2012

A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows, that a technique for measuring bone density called digital X-ray radiogrammetry (or DXR) used on standard hand radiographs can help to identify patients with a higher risk of hip fracture. The researchers believe that DXR, which is fully comparable with other, more costly methods, can be used preventively to identify people in the risk zone for osteoporosis a disease estimated to effect some 200 million women worldwide.

Each year, approximately 1.7 million hip fractures occur worldwide (about 18,000 only in Sweden), mainly in elderly people and women with osteoporosis. A hip fracture can be particularly serious for the elderly; it often entails lengthy rehabilitation and leaves many patients unable to lead an independent life. Moreover, between 10 and 20 per cent of sufferers die from complications. Apart from the human suffering they cause, hip fractures are also very costly to the healthcare services in the amount of care they demand.

"If we can identify people with osteoporosis and treat them with drugs, we can reduce the risk of hip fracture," says principal investigator, Associate Professor Torkel Brismar of Karolinska Institutet's Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology. "Our research shows that DXR is a technique that lends itself well to this, maybe at general health check-ups, or screenings, for example, or when people seek treatment for a suspected hand or wrist fracture."

For the present study, which is published in the scientific journal European Radiology, the researchers analysed digital hand X-rays taken at three hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden, between 2000 and 2008. Their databank included pictures from over 8,000 men and women aged forty years and up. They used DXR to assess bone density in the hand, and by searching in the National Board of Health and Welfare fracture registry they were able to study the link between bone density in the hand and the risk of hip fracture.

Analysis of the sub-group of 122 patients who had suffered a post-X-ray hip fracture showed that they had significantly lower bone density than those who had not had a hip fracture, a result that held up also when adjusted for age. The DXR technique uses a normal X-ray of the hand to analyse the thickness and texture (i.e. small variations in density) of the metacarpal bones. The analysis is automatic and includes around 1,000 measurements. The standard method of measuring bone density is currently DXA (dual-energy X-ray absorbtiometry).

In this study, the researchers showed that DXR is at least as effective as DXA, which means that the former might one day be an important feature of osteoporosis examinations (e.g. as part of a general screening). Several pilot projects are underway in several counties to ascertain whether DXR screening of bone density is a useful way of preventing hip fractures.


'/>"/>

Contact: Press Office
pressinfo@ki.se
46-852-486-077
Karolinska Institutet
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New statistical method offers automatic mitotic cell detection for cancer diagnosis
2. Did Schooling Method Spread Mumps in Orthodox Jewish Communities?
3. Potty-Training Method Wont Affect Tots Health: Study
4. Scripps Research scientists devise powerful new method for finding therapeutic antibodies
5. Multiple Methods Can Safely Help Babies Get to Sleep, Study Shows
6. First validated method for analyzing flavanols and procyanidins in cocoa products could help scientists and the industry in standardized reporting
7. New method may allow personalized clinical trial for cancer therapies
8. Study: Methodology of determining financial viability of social security
9. New method to find novel connections from gene to gene, drug to drug and between scientists
10. Newer technology to control blood sugar works better than conventional methods
11. Study suggests new screening method for sudden death in athletes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Researchers at Moffitt Cancer ... CentrePoint Data Hub in a sample of participants enrolled in an ongoing ... sleep monitoring solutions for the global scientific community. The company’s new CentrePoint Data ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... NuevaCare, a leading home ... as Millbrae, Burlingame, and Palo Alto, is proud to announce information upgrades to its ... bookmark and read organized content on topics such as home care (generally) as well ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... DENVER (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... the nation’s leading respiratory hospital, based in Denver, Colorado, announced an agreement to ... enabled by the continuing support of the Jane and Leonard Korman Family Foundation. ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... The American Brain Foundation last night ... Neurology Award (PLINA). The couple joins a prestigious list of past PLINA winners, ... actor Michael J. Fox and former U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno. , Smith ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Offering the purest product ... oil many times purer and more potent than the market has seen before. Swissx ... Switzerland, as well as a patented chromatography process for extraction, to produce its CBD ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... DUBLIN , April 20, 2017 Research ... Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and ... to their offering. ... market for drug delivery technologies will rise from USD 20 Billion ... Global Drug Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies ... ... was valued at US$ 7,167.6 Mn in 2015, and is ... a CAGR of 5.6% from 2016 to 2024. ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the ... Co. Healthcare Investor Conference 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel in ... Chief Executive Officer of the Company is scheduled to present on ... Bear and the Chairman of the Board, Tony Holler ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: