Navigation Links
Methamphetamine study suggests increased risk for HIV transmission

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. New findings that one in 20 North Carolina men who have sex with men (MSM) reported using crystal methamphetamine during the previous month suggests increased risk for spreading HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STD), according to researchers from Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues.

The rate of methamphetamine use among 1,189 MSM was 30 times higher than levels reported in the general U.S. population over the same period. Methampehtamine, or meth, is a highly addictive stimulant that has been found to impair judgment, decrease inhibition, increase impulsivity and enhance sexual sensitivity which can all increase the potential for transmitting HIV.

The studys authors found that participants who reported using methamphetamines were more likely to report inconsistent condom use during anal sex within the past three months, a history of STD infection, being HIV-positive and using medications designed to treat erectile dysfunction.

Until now, there has been little data on meth use in the Southeast, said lead author Scott D. Rhodes, Ph.D. M.P.H., associate professor in the Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy. Our findings, including that meth users were more likely to be HIV-positive, suggest that prevention, intervention and treatment efforts are urgently needed.

Rhodes noted that some of the men reported having sex with both men and women, which means the risk of HIV extends to both sexes.

The studys results will be published on Aug. 20 in AIDS Patient Care and STDs, a leading AIDS journal that provides the latest research for clinicians and researchers. It is among the first to document meth use among MSM in the South, which carries a disproportionate HIV, AIDS, and STD burden, with 46 percent of newly identified cases.

The findings underscore the need for further research and intervention, said Rhodes. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is clearly not over. We must develop innovative intervention approaches designed to reach communities at highest risk. Men who have sex with men, whether or not they identify themselves as gay, who use drugs like methamphetamines are clearly at higher risk. Yet currently nothing is being done in the Southeast.

Participants were recruited in 2005 in five gay bars and in five geographically defined internet chat rooms in central North Carolina (primarily rural/suburban areas) and were asked to complete a brief assessment of drug use and other risk behaviors. Of the 1,189 MSM, two-thirds self-identified as black or other minorities, and 25 percent as bisexual. The mean age was 29 years.

In addition to being more inclined to risky sexual behaviors, the study participants who said they used methamphetamines were also more likely to report having higher education and health insurance coverage.

Because users of methamphetamines were more likely to have higher educational levels and report having health insurance, we must change the way we think about meth users and develop sophisticated prevention strategies that are appropriate for these types of users, noted Rhodes. In addition, the link between meth use and the use of drugs for sexual dysfunction among a young population deserves attention. Meth use in combination with one of these medications may be having an even more profound impact on the HIV and STD disease epidemics in the South.

Rhodes is also affiliated with the Maya Angelou Research Center on Minority Health at Wake Forest. In 2006, Rhodes won the New Investigator Award in Clinical Sciences at Wake Forest.


Contact: Karen Richardson
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center

Related medicine news :

1. Methamphetamine Users Found To Suffer From Mood Disorders
2. Sensations Generated By Cocaine And Methamphetamine Abuse Are Not Same.
3. Changes In Brain Structure From Methamphetamine Abuse And HIV Infection
4. Dominant Discoveries and The Darker Side Of Methamphetamine Drug Addiction
5. Methamphetamine causes severe oral health damage
6. Methamphetamine may Protect Neurons after Stroke Attack
7. Methamphetamine Use Increases Risks of Artery Tears and Stroke
8. Alarming Rise of Methamphetamine Use Among Australian Youth
9. Gene study links endometriosis, infertility
10. Study reveals how stress can make you sick
11. Study points out that HIV vaccine may not be accepted easily
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Additional breast cancers found with ... according to a study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said that ... necessitate a change in treatment. , Breast MRI is the most sensitive technique ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Finnleo, a leader in the traditional and far-infrared ... traditional and far-infrared saunas. , For traditional saunas, Finnleo is offering ... sauna wood, and Finnleo uses only European Grade A Nordic White Spruce from sustainably ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dr. John Pierce, Medical Director ... about hair loss treatment with the Capillus272™ Pro laser therapy cap. FDA cleared for ... and fuller hair, without the need for surgery, prescription pills, or topical foams. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... For the first time, Vitalalert is donating half of its earnings to ... between the two groups began in 2014 with Vitalalert pledging a portion of every ... founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based health organization whose mission is to ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would ... OH , are invited to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE ... Cleveland, OH. , As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... Wound Care Market by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active ... Facility, Out-Patient Facility), and Geography - Global Forecast to ... --> --> The purpose of ... forecast of the global advanced wound care market. It ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" ... ) has announced the addition of the ... report to their offering. --> Research ... addition of the "Self Administration of High ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... of the  "2016 Future Horizons and ... Surface Marker Testing Market: Supplier Shares, ... their offering.  --> ... the  "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: