Navigation Links
Metal Tongue Piercings Linked to Raised Infection Risks
Date:1/19/2011

By Charnicia Huggins
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 19 (HealthDay News) -- If you're considering tongue piercing as a form of self-expression, know that new research suggests that whether the stud used is metal or plastic makes a difference when it comes to chances of infection.

Stainless steel studs may collect more bacteria than plastic studs, potentially increasing the risk of infection and other complications, a team of European researchers reports.

"Consumers should avoid stainless steel and titanium studs in favor of [plastic], not only because of bacteria and a potentially higher risk of local infection of the piercing channel, but also because of the risk of tooth chipping and gum recession," study author Dr. Ines Kapferer, of Innsbruck Medical University in Austria, said in a statement.

Tooth chipping and receding gums, as well as gum disease, are some of the long-term complications associated with tongue piercing, prior research shows. Early complications include pain, swelling, prolonged bleeding and swallowing difficulties. What's more, the mouth contains so many bacteria that the piercing procedure itself may increase the risk of infection, one of the most common piercing complications.

One source of infection may be thin layers of bacteria, called biofilms, that coat piercings and act as a reservoir for germs, according to Kapferer and colleagues. They speculated that using piercing materials that were less susceptible to biofilm accumulation may reduce infection risk. To test their theory, the study authors recruited male and female students throughout Innsbruck whose tongues had been pierced for at least six months.

After conducting dental exams, the researchers randomly replaced the students' studs with one of four common piercing materials: stainless steel, titanium, or one of two types of plastic. The studs were removed after two weeks and microbiological samples were collected from the stud, the piercing site and the tongue.

A total of 80 different species of bacteria were collected from the various sites and the tongue harbored most of the bacteria, the researchers reported in the Jan. 18 online edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Eighteen bacterial species were more abundant in the piercing site than on the tongue and six species were more prevalent on studs than the tongue. Eight other species were more plentiful on studs than in piercing sites.

Stainless steel studs were the biggest culprit, accounting for the highest bacteria counts, followed, to a much lesser degree, by titanium studs, the researchers reported. Bacteria found on these metals included those known to cause body-wide infections, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenza. Both metals had significantly greater bacteria counts than did plastic studs.

Yet, this accumulation of bacteria may not be the biggest worry, said Dr. Valerie Murrah, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. "As an oral pathologist, I'm concerned with infections of the tongue," she said, noting the importance of sterile piercing techniques.

Among the 80 study participants, who ranged in age from 16 to 36 years, 23 (29 percent) also reported receding gums and four (5 percent) had at least one chipped tooth. On average, most had had their tongue piercing for five years.

"No matter what material [the stud] is made of, it's going to hit the back of the front teeth," said Dr. Ruchi Nijjar Sahota, a dentist in Fremont, Calif. "Most of the patients I've seen have developed either a gum infection or had some sort of trauma to their teeth because of the tongue ring," said Sahota, who is also a consumer advisor for the American Dental Association.

The American Dental Association currently opposes tongue piercing due to such potential complications, according to their online statement.

Sahota stopped short of warning against tongue piercing altogether, however. "I never want to be a killjoy," she said. "Just realize the risk of what you're doing."

"There are other ways to decorate that are less dangerous," added Murrah. "We only have two sets of teeth."

More information

For more information on tongue piercing, visit the American Dental Association.

SOURCES: Ruchi Nijjar Sahota, D.D.S., consumer advisor, American Dental Association; Valerie Murrah, D.M.D., professor and chair, department of diagnostic sciences and general dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Jan. 18, 2011, Journal of Adolescent Health, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. New York Personal Injury Attorney David Perecman Comments On Dangers Of ‘Metal On Metal' Hip Implants
2. Parallels Launches Parallels Server for Mac Bare Metal Edition
3. Tongue measurements may help dentists determine oral appliance therapy success for sleep apnea
4. Parental divorce linked to suicidal thoughts
5. Oncometabolite linked with widespread alterations in gene expression
6. High birth weight in First Nations babies linked to a higher risk of postneonatal death
7. Too Much TV May Be Linked to Heart Attack, Death Risk
8. High dietary fat, cholesterol linked to increased risk of breast cancer
9. Secondhand television exposure linked to eating disorders
10. Violence against mothers linked to 1.8 million female infant and child deaths in India
11. Tooth Loss May Be Linked to Memory Loss
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Metal Tongue Piercings Linked to Raised Infection Risks
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... ranked #3 in the 2015 Best in KLAS: Software & Services for HIT ... annual Best in KLAS report independently ranks vendor performance by healthcare executives, managers ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Stuart Bentkover, ... technology, the PicoSure. Designed to provide the most effective tattoo removal today, Dr. Bentkover ... unmatched results. , Developed by Cynosure, the PicoSure has been approved by the Food ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... In sleep, when the defenses of the day are ... of patients with eating disorders is significant self-criticism, and consequently these patients experience this ... regarded as maladaptive means for coping with this unease, but also leads to a ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... On June 9-10, Las ... continuing medical education (CME) event presented by the Association for Comprehensive Care in ... for ACCORD, whose mission is to provide education, tools, and resources to primary ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... ... –This week, Atascadero water heater company First Call Plumbing has ... the report, click here or see below. , There are two ... cons, the type chosen is almost entirely up to personal preference. However, tankless water ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Syneron Medical Ltd. ... device company, announced today that William Griffing ... America, is scheduled to participate in the Leerink ... on February 11, 2016 in New ... institutional investors to meet with the Mr. Griffing ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jsc97m/global ... "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal trends, ... their offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jsc97m/global ... "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal trends, ... their offering. --> Research ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... the previously announced underwritten secondary offering of 11,027,558 shares ... consisting of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman Sachs.  The ... initial price of $96.45 per share. The selling stockholders ...  Neither Zimmer Biomet nor any of its directors, officers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: