Navigation Links
Men-only hepatitis B mutation explains higher cancer rates
Date:10/19/2013

A team of researchers has identified a novel mutation in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Korea that appears only in men and could help explain why HBV-infected men are roughly five times more likely than HBV-infected women to develop liver cancer. Although some women do progress to cirrhosis and liver cancer, the mutation is absent in HBV in women. The research is published ahead of print in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

"This is the first mutation found that can explain the gender disparity in incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma," says Bum-Joon Kim of Seoul National University, Korea, an author on the study.

In the study, the researchers randomly collected and analyzed serum samples from 292 patients with chronic HBV infection who visited one of 3 hospitals in Korea from 2003-2005. Previous studies had suggested that a gene mutation known as W4P/R was associated with higher incidence of liver cancer and cirrhosis. They developed an assay to specifically identify HBV with the W4P/R mutation. When compared to patient outcomes, the W4P/R mutation was significantly associated with severe liver disease and was found exclusively in male patients.

The investigators believe the assay they developed to discover the mutation may hold promise as a diagnostic for predicting male progression to cirrhosis and liver cancer. They caution that first larger studies are necessary to confirm their findings, as only 67 of the 292 samples came from women.

HBV infection is a global health problem, with 350 million chronic carriers of the virus, a number that is roughly equivalent to the combined populations of the US and Canada. The prevalence of infection ranges from less than half a percent in the United States to around 10 percent in Asia, to as high as 15 percent in parts of Africa. Major means of transmission include injection drug abuse, unprotected sex, and transmission via childbirth. Worldwide mortality is about 600,000 annually, according to the World Health Organization. In the US, despite the availability of a vaccine, an estimated 3,000 die annually from hepatocellular cancer or chronic liver disease caused by hepatitis B.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Women have higher rate of spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus
2. Mount Sinai Researchers Develop First Successful Laboratory Model for Studying Hepatitis C
3. Miriam researcher helps develop global hepatitis C recommendations for injection-drug users
4. Mount Sinai researchers discover mechanism behind development of autoimmune hepatitis
5. Ben-Gurion U. and Sorrento Therapeutics sign agreement to develop anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies
6. Marler Clark, Washington Resident Sue Townsend Farms Over Hepatitis A
7. Bellovin & Karnas, P.C. in Arizona Investigate after Hepatitis A Tainted Berries Are Discovered
8. Marler Clark files Third Hepatitis A-Related Lawsuit Against Townsend Farms
9. Hepatitis A Outbreak in Costco Organic Berry Blend Linked to Pomegranate Imported From Turkey
10. 49 Now Sickened in Hepatitis A Outbreak Tied to Frozen Berry Mix
11. Simon & Luke Files First Hepatitis A Lawsuit Against Townsend Farms and Costco Corporation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for a Fair ... hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same rate as ... the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. , The ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... EB ... Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards ... in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... client, The Grove Investment Group (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing operations at ... Las Vegas and Pahrump, Nevada. , Puradigm is the manufacturer of a complete ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners is pleased to ... genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at HTG Molecular ... the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system and associated reagents ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Today, MTI-GlobalStem, a provider ... and other difficult to transfect cells, announces its launch of the PluriQ™ G9™ ... Editing System is a complete system for culturing and transfecting human pluripotent ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Arkis BioSciences, a leading innovator ... more durable cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today announced it ... funding is led by Innova Memphis, followed by ... private investors.  Arkis, new financing will accelerate the ... market release of its in-licensed Endexo® technology. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ITASCA, Ill. , June 23, 2016  In a startling ... states are failing their residents by lacking a comprehensive, proven plan ... , a definitive ranking of how states are tackling the ... rating to only four states – Kentucky , ... and Vermont . Of the 28 failing states, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Bracket , a leading clinical trial technology and specialty ... Bracket eCOA (SM) 6.0, at the 52 nd ... in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania.  A demonstration of ... its kind to fully integrate with RTSM, will be held ... a flexible platform for electronic clinical outcomes assessments that is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: