Navigation Links
Melatonin is an effective treatment for sleep problems in children with autism
Date:4/14/2009

Westchester, Ill. - A study in the April 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine determined that over-the-counter melatonin medication can shorted the length of time it takes for children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), or both to fall asleep at the beginning of the night.

Results of the study indicated that children who received over-the-counter melatonin treatments experienced significant improvements in total night sleep durations, sleep latency times, and sleep-onset times. Mean sleep duration was longer on melatonin than placebo by 21 minutes, sleep-onset latency was shorter by 28 minutes and sleep-onset time was earlier by 42 minutes.

According to the senior author, Beth L. Goodlin-Jones, PhD of the M.I.N.D Institute at the University of California Davis Health System in Sacramento, Calif., treatment with over-the-counter melatonin supplements benefits children of all ages, which helps alleviate some of the additional stress that parents of special-needs children experience.

"Sleep onset problems at the beginning of the night are very troublesome for children and their families," said Goodlin-Jones. "Sometimes children may take one to two hours to fall asleep and often they disrupt the household during this time."

Authors report that sleep problems are reported in up to 89 percent of children with autism and 77 percent of children with FXS, the most common form of inherited mental impairment ranging from learning problems to mental retardation, and also the most commonly known cause of autism. Dyssomnia (difficulty falling asleep and frequent nighttime awakenings) are among the most commonly reported problems. Researchers hypothesize that difficulty sleeping in these children is increased due to abnormal levels of melatonin, a natural hormone secreted from the pineal gland that is believed to promote sleep at night.

The study included information from 12 children between the ages of 2 to 15.25 years. Sleep quality and quantity were measured both objectively and subjectively. Five participants met diagnostic criteria for autism, 3 for FXS, 3 for FXS and ASD, and 1 for FXS alone.

Participants were given two weeks' supply of either melatonin or a placebo. After they completed the two week dosage they were then crossed over to the alternate treatment for an additional two weeks. All participants were assessed for autism and received DNA testing for the diagnosis of FXS.

Authors recommend that in addition to the use of over-the-counter melatonin supplements, behavior therapies and sleep hygiene practices should be used to manage sleep problems in children with autism and FXS.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelly Wagner
kwagner@aasmnet.org
708-492-0930
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Schiff(R) Melatonin Plus Passes ConsumerLab.com Test for Ingredients and Product Quality
2. The hormone of darkness: melatonin could hurt memory formation at night
3. Heart Screening Not Effective for Type 2 Diabetics
4. Ex-White House Drug Czar McCaffrey, U.S. Congress Drug Caucus Chair Cummings, CRC Health CEO Karlin Join Hopkins Researchers at News Conference April 17 on Breakthrough Study: Internet Video Drug Treatment as Effective as Traditional Counseling
5. New England Journal of Medicine Opinion Column Suggests Ineffective Shortcuts to Solve Obesity Challenge
6. Federal Coordinating Council on Comparative Effectiveness Research to Hold Public Listening Session in Washington, DC
7. Chronic Pain Sufferers Report Relief: DRJ Group Teams With Adult Foster Care Facilities to Evaluate Effectiveness of Stopain Topical Analgesic
8. Acupuncture probably ineffective in treatment of hot flushes
9. Avastin effective at delaying brain tumor progression in recurrent disease
10. Alternative Therapies Can Be Safe, Effective For Children
11. Effective Weight Management with Gene-Eden, a New Dietary Supplement Based on Dr. Hanan Polanskys Discovery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... educate the many who are unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration ... within the “Stroke Awareness” campaign. , The link between stroke and aphasia is ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... PALMYRA, Wis. (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 ... ... over $90,000 in scholarships to students studying complementary medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this ... She accepted her award on May 18 at the university’s Student Leadership Awards ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. ... been honored with a 2016 When Work Works Award for its use of effective ... the national When Work Works project administered by the Families and Work Institute (FWI) ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Connor Sports, ... as a partner for the Tamika Catchings Legacy Tour that will commemorate ... leader in hardwood basketball surfaces in all forms and levels of the game, Connor ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are nearly ... than 32 million cancer survivors worldwide. On Sunday, June 5, 2016, communities around the ... National Cancer Survivors Day®. , National Cancer Survivors Day® is an annual worldwide ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... -- MedDay, a biotechnology company focused on the ... entitled "High doses of biotin in progressive multiple sclerosis: extension ... Professor Ayman Tourbah , Principal Investigator of the Phase ... of Neurology (EAN) in Copenhagen, Denmark . ... place on Sunday, 29 May 2016 from 14:45 to 16:15 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- Niederländische Chirurgen haben eine innovative ... erlaubt, ihre Expertise weltweit zu teilen und so ... mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion und der Möglichkeit, in einem ... Afrika, Asien und den USA ... Information und Weiterbildung   "MDLinking ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... --   , Study met ... cleansing and superiority in , Excellent ... of the ascending colon   , ... Norgine B.V. today announced new positive data from the phase III ... versus standard 2 litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met both ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: