Navigation Links
Mediterranean diet may lower risk of diabetes
Date:3/27/2014

WASHINGTON (March 27, 2014) Adoption of a Mediterranean diet is linked to a lower risk of diabetes, especially among people at high risk for cardiovascular disease, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session.

Data from the first pooled analysis of studies evaluating the possible role of the Mediterranean diet on diabetes development show that adherence to this diet was associated with a 21 percent reduced risk of diabetes as compared to the control dietary groups. This reduced risk was even more pronounced among people at high risk for cardiovascular disease among whom diabetes prevention is especially critical. The analysis showed that patients in this subgroup were almost 27 percent less likely to develop diabetes compared to controls.

"Adherence to the Mediterranean diet may prevent the development of diabetes irrespective of age, sex, race or culture," said Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Ph.D., professor at Harokopio University, Athens, Greece, and lead investigator of this meta-analysis. "This diet has a beneficial effect, even in high risk groups, and speaks to the fact that it is never too late to start eating a healthy diet."

The researchers systematically reviewed 19 original research studies that followed more than 162,000 participants for an average of 5.5 years. These studies spanned European and non-European populations, which Panagiotakos said is important as most of the published studies have been European-based and there has been some question of possible confounding factors in these regions, including genetics, the environment, lifestyle and lower stress levels.

But researchers found that regardless of the study population European or non-European or high or low risk of cardiovascular disease the association between the Mediterranean diet and lower risk of diabetes remained. While there is no set Mediterranean diet, it commonly emphasizes fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, fish, olive oil and even a glass of red wine.

"A meta-analysis captures the limitations of individual studies, and this type of study is important to help inform guidelines and evidence-based care," Panagiotakos said. "Diabetes is an ongoing epidemic and its relation to obesity, especially in the Westernized populations, is well known. We have to do something to prevent diabetes and changing our diet may be an effective treatment."

The number of diabetes cases has doubled worldwide in the past 30 years and has been linked to the growing obesity epidemic. People with diabetes have trouble controlling their blood sugar because they either do not produce the hormone insulin or do not use it properly. If uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to complications including blindness, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease and amputations.

Panagiotakos said he believes the Mediterranean diet, in particular, lowers the risk of diabetes by helping to guard against obesity. Earlier research has shown that following the traditional Mediterranean diet is also linked to weight loss, reduced risk of heart disease and related death, as well as lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.

Researchers initially identified more than 400 related studies for their analysis but excluded the vast majority based on criteria they set and study designs (for example, studies not actually addressing the issue of diet and diabetes even though they were identified through key words used, lack of a control group or randomization, inclusion of people with diabetes or prediabetes or limiting the study only to a component of the traditional Mediterranean diet). Diet was most often assessed by food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour or three-day recall. The control dietary groups varied but included the diets common to the study location.


'/>"/>

Contact: Beth Casteel
bcasteel@acc.org
202-375-6275
American College of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Diet Doc Weight Loss Plans Announces Inclusion of Mediterranean Diet, Now Found to Reduce the Risk of Memory & Cognitive Problems
2. hCGTreatments / Diet Doc Weight Loss Plans Now Include Weight Loss Plans Similar to the Mediterranean Diet So That Patients Lose Weight Fast and Live Longer
3. Ortensia Greco-Conte's cookbook explains benefits of Mediterranean diet and anti-aging recipes
4. May is Mediterranean Diet Month: Celebrate with Flax Seasoning as They Show the Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet and How It Can Drastically Improve Health
5. Mediterranean Diet Benefits Heart, Even Without Weight Loss: Study
6. Mediterranean Diet Might Help Stave Off Dementia
7. Quorn, Leader in Easy Vegetarian Meals, Explores the Financial Benefits of a Plant-Based, Mediterranean Diet
8. Experts examine Mediterranean diets health effects for older adults
9. Miriam study reveals financial benefits of a plant-based, Mediterranean diet
10. Carol Fenster’s Tips for Following a Gluten-Free Mediterranean Diet
11. Another Study Says Mediterranean Diet Good for the Heart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/30/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 30, 2016 , ... ... to use inside of FCPX," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film ... for use within Final Cut Pro X. Choose from abstract transitions to more ...
(Date:5/29/2016)... ... 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health Supply is happy to announce a new ... available to the public. This is an unusual clipper because it opens to a ... , Everything about this product is concentrated on ease of use, functionality and durability. ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... After a year and a half of planning the Multiple ... The Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held May 2 -4, 2016 at the ... United Kingdom came together to explore the many pathways individuals use to get into and ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... New Hampshire (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... skin care products, announced today that it has been recognized as one of the ... entering parenthood. Badger was named as one of nine small businesses providing progressive benefits ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... educate the many who are unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration ... within the “Stroke Awareness” campaign. , The link between stroke and aphasia is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2016)... PUNE, India , May 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... research report "Healthcare Analytical Testing Services Market by ... Monitoring, Bioanalytical Services), by End User (Pharmaceutical Companies, ... published by MarketsandMarkets, The market witnessed healthy growth ... grow at a CAGR of 11.3% between 2016 ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... , May 30, 2016 Eye expert ... of premature babies to seek an eye examination ... condition     Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, ... London , has identified premature babies as a ... because of their particular vulnerability to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... 2016 Kitov Pharmaceuticals ... on late-stage drug development, today announced the completion ... pivotal batches required for registration of KIT-302 with ... follows Kitov,s announcement in December 2015, ... its primary efficacy endpoint. "We are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: