Navigation Links
Mediterranean Diet May Be Best for Type 2 Diabetes
Date:8/31/2009

Reduced need for meds, helped some lose weight compared to low-fat diet,,,,

MONDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The Mediterranean diet, long touted as a healthy eating plan, may help people with type 2 diabetes stay off blood sugar-lowering medications, as well as help them lose weight and lower cardiovascular risk factors.

Those are the major findings from Italian researchers who found that while 70 percent of people with type 2 diabetes following a low-fat diet eventually needed diabetes medications, just 44 percent of those following the Mediterranean diet needed such drugs.

"Eating Mediterranean prevented anti-hyperglycemic drug therapy in about one-third of patients," said study author Dr. Dario Giugliano, a professor of endocrinology and metabolic diseases at the Second University of Naples in Italy. He called the diet, "a safe and tasty means to delay the introduction of anti-diabetic drug therapy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic people."

Beyond its ability to help control blood sugar, "the Mediterranean diet has been associated with a number of healthful outcomes, including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality," Giugliano added. "Given that patients with type 2 diabetes still have a twofold risk of death as compared to the non-diabetic population, these potential benefits are intriguing," he noted.

Results of the study are published in the September issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Type 2 diabetes is fast becoming a pandemic, with as many as 380 million cases estimated by 2025, according to background information in the study. However, lifestyle changes can help prevent the disease and possibly reverse its course when instigated soon after diagnosis. Regular exercise and changes in diet are among the most important lifestyle changes that can help manage type 2 diabetes.

Although dietary modification is recommended, little research has compared low-fat diets to low-carbohydrate diets in the management of type 2 diabetes, according to the study.

To assess which type of diet might help people with type 2 diabetes better manage their condition, Giugliano and his colleagues compared 107 people on a low-fat diet to 108 who were eating a Mediterranean diet.

"The Mediterranean-type diet is a diet high in plant foods, such as fruits, nuts, legumes and cereals, and fish, with olive oils as the primary source of monounsaturated fat and low to moderate intake of wine, as well as low intake of red meat and poultry," he said.

All of the study participants had just recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and they stayed in the study for four years. This study wasn't "blinded," which means that the researchers who were responsible for prescribing medications also knew who was in which dietary group.

After four years, 26 percent fewer people needed to go on diabetes medication in the Mediterranean diet, compared to the low-fat group. That translates into a 37 percent decreased risk of needing medication for the Mediterranean diet group, according to the study.

At the end of the study, weight as measured by body-mass index (BMI) was down 1.2 points for those in the Mediterranean diet group compared to 0.9 for the low-fat diet group, the study found. Cholesterol levels and blood pressure readings were also more improved in the Mediterranean diet group vs. the low-fat group.

"Everyone is looking for a magic bullet, but really the only magic bullet for diabetes is carbohydrate counting," said registered dietician and certified diabetes educator Carolyn Grubb, from the Scott & White Specialty Clinic, in Round Rock, Texas. "You need to find something you can live with and stay with. There's no one-size-fits-all in diabetes. Most patients do best with as little change as possible."

So, if you like these foods and think a Mediterranean diet might work for you, that's great, she said. But, if this would represent a huge change for you, it might not work as well. Grubb recommended that all people with diabetes work with a dietician to come up with an individualized eating plan that takes into account likes and dislikes.

Giugliano said he would recommend the Mediterranean diet for people with type 2 diabetes because in addition to being lower in carbohydrates, the diet seems to have an effect on insulin sensitivity beyond its carbohydrate composition.

More information

Learn more about diabetes and diet from the American Diabetes Association.



SOURCES: Dario Giugliano, M.D., Ph.D., professor, endocrinology and metabolic diseases, Second University of Naples, Italy; Carolyn Grubb, R.D., certified diabetes educator, Scott & White Specialty Clinic, Round Rock, Texas; September 2009 Annals of Internal Medicine


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Mediterranean Diet May Boost Alzheimers Survival
2. Medtronic Mediterranean Launches Worlds First Arabic-Language Integrated Insulin Therapy for Improved Diabetes Management
3. Mediterranean Diet for Mom Fends Off Asthma, Allergies in Kids
4. Healthful Mediterranean Dining Never Tasted So Good
5. Scientists obtain anticancer medicines from the elecampe, a wild plant growing in the Mediterranean
6. Mediterranean Diet May Ward Off Type 2 Diabetes
7. Mediterranean Diet Enriched With Nuts Cuts Heart Risks
8. Mediterranean-Style Diet Best for Blood Sugar Control
9. EAU 2nd Eastern Mediterranean Meeting expected to highlight cystectomy
10. Dr. Will Clower To Lead Mediterranean Immersion
11. Mediterranean Diet Aids the Aging Brain: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Mediterranean Diet May Be Best for Type 2 Diabetes
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... The Professional Squash ... has enlisted New York City-based sports and entertainment marketing firm Leverage Agency as ... opportunities for the Professional Squash Association (PSA), which includes first-time ever title sponsorship, ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 30, 2017 , ... Youth Futures International (YFI) premiered its ... from high school and college students who have participated in the program every summer. ... YFI is now accepting applications for enrollment. Visit http://www.ghana.yfiexperience.org to learn ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... AngioGenesis Labs sold ... in Mississippi. AngioGenesis Labs, makers of HeartBoost, BrainBest and BeautyBest, achieved these results ... in HeartBoost, an over the counter heart healthy drink, can reduce Arterial Plaque, ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Dr. Angela Cotey, a noted general ... accepting new pediatric patients, with or without a referral. Dr. Cotey knows that ... orthodontic outcome and experience. When patients receive early treatment, they may achieve straight teeth ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... ... Curio Wellness , a premium medical cannabis brand and trusted healthcare ... team with prominent executives from both inside and outside the cannabis industry. , ... Dumbauld , who has more than twenty years of business leadership and investment experience ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017  Spiral Therapeutics, Inc. today ... Bionure Farma, S.L. for the worldwide exclusive rights ... in the field of otolaryngology for aggregate payments ... The agreement provides Spiral with the option ... differentiated product profile. Under the terms of the ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017   Royal ... leader in health technology, and PathAI, a company ... collaborating with the aim to develop solutions that ... of cancer and other diseases. The partnership aims ... enabling this form of artificial intelligence to be ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , USA, March 29, 2017 Stryker ... that Cares by People magazine, in partnership with Great ... 50 companies on the list. This list highlights the ... have succeeded in business while also demonstrating respect, compassion ... environment.  To determine the companies on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: