Navigation Links
Medication does not lower risk of fungal infection, death among ELBW infants

Use of the antifungal medication fluconazole for six weeks for extremely low birth-weight infants did not significantly reduce the risk of death or invasive candidiasis, a serious infection that occurs when candida (a type of fungus) enters the bloodstream and spreads through the body, according to a study in the May 7 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on child health. This issue is being released early to coincide with the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting.

Invasive candidiasis is an important cause of infection in premature infants; despite treatment with antifungal therapy, invasive candidiasis has serious effects on premature infants, including severe neurodevelopmental impairment and death. Current recommendations include the use of fluconazole for prevention of this infection for infants with a birth weight of less than 1,000 grams (2.2 lbs.) who receive care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, most NICUs in the United States and the European Union have not uniformly adopted preventive use of fluconazole, based on controversies regarding high-risk patients, resistance, and safety, according to background information in the article.

Daniel K. Benjamin Jr., M.D., Ph.D., of Duke University, Durham, N.C., and colleagues evaluated the efficacy and safety of fluconazole in preventing death or invasive candidiasis in extremely low birth-weight infants (weighing less than 750 grams [1.7 lbs.] at birth). The study included 361 infants from 32 NICUs in the United States who were randomly assigned to receive either fluconazole (6mg/kg of body weight) or placebo twice weekly for 42 days.

The primary composite end point of death or invasive candidiasis by study day 49 was not statistically different between the 2 groups (fluconazole, 16 percent vs placebo, 21 percent). The percentage of infants who died prior to study day 49 was not different between the groups (14 percent vs 14 percent). Fewer infants developed definite or probable invasive candidiasis in the fluconazole (3 percent) vs in the placebo group (9 percent).

"Fluconazole prophylaxis compared with placebo was not associated with a statistically significant difference in the composite primary end pointdeath or definite or probable invasive candidiasis although it was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of definite or probable candidiasis alone. This study adds new evidence regarding the efficacy of fluconazole prophylaxis, but raises the question of whether prevention of invasive candidiasis translates into substantial improvements in the outcomes of prematurity."

"Based on both the results of our study in NICUs with a low incidence of invasive candidiasis, and previous prophylaxis trials in high-incidence NICUs, the routine use of fluconazole prophylaxis should be limited to units with moderate-to-high incidence of invasive candidiasis. However, additional research is needed to precisely define the incidence at which the benefits of fluconazole prophylaxis outweigh the risks," the authors write.


Contact: Sarah Avery
The JAMA Network Journals

Related medicine news :

1. Nearly 50 percent of M.D.s believe diversion of ADHD stimulant medications among teens is a problem
2. UH Rainbow to study African-Americans response to asthma medications
3. HHS leaders call for expanded use of medications to combat opioid overdose epidemic
4. Medication does not help prevent ED following radiation therapy for prostate cancer
5. Medication does not reduce risk of recurrent CV events among patients with diabetes
6. Erectile dysfunction can be reversed without medication
7. Electronic medication alerts designed with provider in mind reduce prescribing errors
8. One in 5 older Americans take medications that work against each other
9. Anti-psychotic medications offer new hope in the battle against glioblastoma
10. Blood pressure medications given right after stroke not beneficial, study finds
11. MIT robot may accelerate trials for stroke medications
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... For the first time, Vitalalert is donating half of its earnings to ... between the two groups began in 2014 with Vitalalert pledging a portion of every ... founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based health organization whose mission is to ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... According to ... surgical robot is being more and more widely heralded as a breakthrough for performing ... Vinci method has over traditional laparoscopic surgery is that it can greatly reduce the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... people across the country to celebrate their sobriety and show through pictures what ... “before and after” photos this Thanksgiving with the hashtag #FacesOfGratitude on their Facebook, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to become more ... to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses will be ... As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. D’Orazio are ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 25, 2015, officials of ... network, announced the release of a new cutting edge recovery program that has been ... working with drug- and alcohol-addicted individuals with the purpose to free addicts from the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... N.Y. , Nov. 25, 2015  Linden Care, ... and optimizing treatment outcomes for patients suffering from chronic ... request for a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) enjoining Express ... the two companies. --> ... pursuing all of its legal options. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... WILMINGTON, N.C. , Nov. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announces the planned investment of at least $15.8 ... in Wilmington, NC . The ... services capacity to meet the growing demands of ... Wilmington site expansion will provide up ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... -- On Tuesday, November 24, 2015, the jury ... Medical Technology, Inc. for product liability and misrepresentation ... device, awarded $11 million in favor of Plaintiff ... three days of deliberations, the jury found that ... and unreasonably dangerous, and that Wright Medical made ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: