Navigation Links
Measuring glucose without needle pricks
Date:9/7/2012

Sticking yourself in the finger day after day: For many diabetics, this means of checking blood glucose is an everyday part of life. Especially for patients with Type-1 diabetes, who always have to keep a close eye on their levels, since their bodies are incapable of producing the insulin to break down the glucose in the blood. Several times a day, they have to place a tiny drop of blood on a test strip. It is the only way they can ascertain the blood glucose value, so they can inject the correct amount of insulin needed. And this pricking is not only a burdensome: it may also cause inflammation or cornification of the skin. And for pain-sensitive patients, the procedure is agony.

The daily sticking of the finger may soon become a thing of the past, thanks to a diagnostic system with Fraunhofer technology built-in. The underlying concept is a biosensor that is located on the patient's body. It is also able to measure glucose levels continuously using tissue fluids other than blood, such as in sweat or tears. The patient could dispense with the constant needle pricks. In the past, such bioelectric sensors were too big, too imprecise and consumed too much power. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Microelectronic Circuits and Systems IMS in Duisburg have recently achieved a major breakthrough: They have developed a biosensor in nano-form that circumvents these hurdles.

Diagnostic system in miniature

The principle of measurement involves an electrochemical reaction that is activated with the aid of an enzyme. Glucose oxidase converts glucose into hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and other chemicals whose concentration can be measured with a potentiostat. This measurement is used for calculating the glucose level. The special feature of this biosensor: the chip, measuring just 0.5 x 2.0 millimeters, can fit more than just the nanopotentiostat itself. Indeed, Fraunhofer researchers have attached the entire diagnostic system to it. "It even has an integrated analog digital converter that converts the electrochemical signals into digital data," explains Tom Zimmermann, business unit manager at IMS. The biosensor transmits the data via a wireless interface, for example to a mobile receiver. Thus, the patient can keep a steady eye on his or her glucose level. "In the past, you used to need a circuit board the size of a half-sheet of paper," says Zimmermann. "And you also had to have a driver. But even these things are no longer necessary with our new sensor."

Durable biosensor

The minimal size is not the only thing that provides a substantial advantage over previous biosensors of this type. In addition, the sensor consumes substantially less power. Earlier systems required about 500 microamperes at five volts; now, it is less than 100 microamperes. That increases the durability of the system allowing the patient to wear the sensor for weeks, or even months. The use of a passive system makes this durability possible. The sensor is able to send and receive data packages, but it can also be supplied with power through radio frequency.

The glucose sensor was engineered by the researchers at Noviosens, a Dutch medical technology firm. Since it can be manufactured so cost-effectively, it is best suited for mass production. These non-invasive measuring devices for monitoring blood glucose levels may become the basis for a particularly useful further development in the future: The biochip could control an implanted miniature pump that, based on the glucose value measured, indicates the precise amount of insulin to administer. That way, diabetes patients could say goodbye to incessant needle-pricks forever.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Zimmermann
tom.zimmermann@ims.fraunhofer.de
49-203-378-32942
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Measuring the uncertainties of pandemic influenza
2. Heart failure patients with diabetes may benefit from higher glucose levels
3. Skp2 activates cancer-promoting, glucose-processing Akt
4. Aggressively controlling glucose levels may not reduce kidney failure in Type 2 diabetes
5. Glucose deprivation activates feedback loop that kills cancer cells, UCLA study shows
6. QuickMedical® Offers The WaveSense Blood Glucose Monitoring System
7. Sensor detects glucose in saliva and tears for diabetes testing
8. Power without the cord
9. Screening for breast cancer without X-rays: Lasers and sound merge in promising diagnostic technique
10. Breathing during radiotherapy - how to hit the treatment target without causing collateral damage
11. Obese Teens Can Have Heart Damage Without Showing Signs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Measuring glucose without needle pricks
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Advanced Inc., a leading provider of travel therapy ... MBA to serve as Advanced Inc.’s Chief Financial Officer, effective December 1, 2016. Jason ... extensive financial and operational leadership experience to Advanced Inc. He began his career in ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... With the number of ... of an injury, patients must find the one that works for them. When an ... created a machine that worked and decided to share it with others. , He ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... CloudLIMS.com, a class-leading provider of ... Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research and testing laboratories keep track of ... new version is a faster and a more efficient product, allowing batch processing ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas, ... Bible Prophecy. Yisrayl says this generation, known as the Last Generation, started in 1934 ... details line up exactly with Bible Prophecy – a protected way for those who ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... & Author of Type 2 Diabetes: The Owner’s Manual, http://realtimepressrelease.com/press-releases-tagged-with/daryl-wein ... Hour Power of Water, Global Climate Change and Your Health radio program syndicated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 2, 2016 ... Awards Committee honored excellence in research, development and innovation ... The gala dinner was held in the presence of ... the Russian Federation , Natalia Sanina, ... Mikhail Murashko , Head of Roszdravnadzor, National Service ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Maxor National Pharmacy Services, LLC ("Maxor"), today ... Inc. ("PSI").  The combination of Texas -based ... -based PSI bring together both company,s clinical expertise and high-touch ... an industry-leading specialty pharmacy. About Maxor ... , , ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016 Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: ... to acquire certain manufacturing assets and capabilities of the ... advanced biological tissue business, as well as a 15% ... million in cash. The Neovasc advanced biological tissue business ... Boston Scientific Lotus™ Valve System. * Upon completion ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: