Navigation Links
Mayo Clinic study confirms smoke-free workplaces reduce heart attacks
Date:11/14/2011

ORLANDO -- Mayo Clinic researchers have amassed additional evidence that secondhand smoke kills and smoke-free workplace laws save lives. The study will be presented to the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions on Monday in Orlando.

Their research shows that the incidence of heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths was cut in half among Olmsted County, Minn., residents after a smoke-free ordinance took effect. Adult smoking dropped 23 percent during the same time frame, as the rates of other risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and obesity remained stable or increased.

"This study adds to the observation that smoke-free workplace laws help reduce the chances of having a heart attack, but for the first time we report these laws also reduce the chances of sudden cardiac death," says Richard Hurt, M.D., director of Mayo Clinic's Nicotine Dependence Center. "The study shows that everyone, especially people with known coronary artery disease, should avoid contact with secondhand smoke. They should have no -- literally no -- exposure to secondhand smoke because it is too dangerous to their health."

Dr. Hurt played an instrumental role in the passage of smoke-free ordinances in Olmsted County and the state of Minnesota. He says evidence from this new study will strengthen efforts by the Global Smoke-Free Worksite Challenge, a recently formed tobacco control advocacy collaboration that debuted at a Clinton Global Initiative event. The Challenge will encourage other countries and employers to expand the number of employees able to work in smoke-free environments.

"We are going to use this information to help us convince corporations -- convince countries -- that this is the right thing to do to protect the health of their workers and their citizens," Dr. Hurt says.

The study draws data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a long-term, collaborative medical records project among health care providers in Olmsted County. The project makes Mayo Clinic one of the few places in the world where retrospective population-based studies are possible and allows researchers at Mayo Clinic to zero in on the frequency of certain conditions.

"This study underscores once more the importance of monitoring heart disease in communities in order to understand how to enhance cardiovascular health," says Vronique Roger, M.D., director of Mayo Clinic's Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, who leads cardiovascular disease surveillance through the Rochester Epidemiology Project.

The population-based study showed that during the 18 months before Olmsted County's first smoke-free law for restaurants was passed in 2002, the regional incidence of heart attack was 212.3 cases per 100,000 residents. In the 18 months following a comprehensive smoke-free ordinance in 2007, in which restaurants and workplaces became smoke-free, that rate dropped to 102.9 per 100,000 residents -- a decrease of about 45 percent. Additionally, during these two time periods, the incidence of sudden cardiac death fell from 152.5 to 76.6 per 100,000 residents -- a 50 percent reduction.

"Our findings provide support to the life-saving effect that smoke-free legislation can have among community members affected by these laws," said co-author Jon Ebbert, M.D., associate director of Mayo Clinic's Nicotine Dependence Center


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelley Luckstein
newsbureau@mayo.edu
507-284-5005
Mayo Clinic
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. FDA funds Rochester researchers to give chronic and acute pain clinical trials a makeover
2. Results of the NEXT clinical trial Reported at TCT 2011
3. Horst Sievert, M.D., Ph.D. presented with Master Clinical Operator Award at TCT 2011
4. Cleveland Clinic nephrologist earns Federal grant for study of kidney disease management
5. Results of the RIFLE STEACS clinical trial reported at TCT 2011
6. Combination epigenetic therapy clinical trial results
7. Mayo Clinic: Young women with rheumatoid arthritis at more risk for broken bones
8. Mayo Clinic study finds CT scans can help detect gout cases traditional tests miss
9. Conflicting views of a childs behavior problems from parents, teachers, and the child may be helpful to clinician
10. Mayo Clinic develops new way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea
11. Mayo Clinic: Short training course significantly improves detection of precancerous polyps
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Bellus Medical, a leader in medical aesthetics, today announced that ... role Dr. Dobke will provide physician oversight for in-house clinical studies and hands-on device ... Surgery and Associate Professor of Surgery at UC San Diego Health and is a ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... Providing solutions ... new report from the Frank Hawkins Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise ... academics and policy makers identified concrete solutions at the “What’s Next, America?” conference ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... The results from the American Cancer Society’s ... news for prostate cancer patients: incidents of cancer is down as is the likelihood ... cancer death rate has dropped from its peak of 215.1 in 1991 to 161.2 ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... , ... American Family Care (AFC) has opened a new 4,000+ square foot ... in the area. The Bedford clinic will be the nineteenth location opened by AFC ... Adams and Dr. Kristina Orio. Adams and Orio also independently own and operate AFC ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... Overland Park, KS (PRWEB) , ... January 24, ... ... rating to Premensa, a leading natural supplement for relieving premenstrual syndrome, or ... premenstrual syndrome at some point. These symptoms can include cramps, constipation, irritability, headaches, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... The global  mammography market  is ... by 2025, according to a new report by Grand ... to the rising initiatives by various governments and NGOs ... in breast tissue. Some significant organizations such as the ... are promoting the early diagnosis of mammary gland calcification, ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... FRANCISCO , January 24, 2017 The global  ... USD 239.8 billion by 2025, based on a new report by Grand ... cancer is projected to drive the market over the forecast period. Advancements ... are also estimated to boost growth.  Continue ... ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... -- For today, Stock-Callers.com scans the following Biotechnology ... Biopharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ALDR ), BioDelivery Sciences International ... EGLT ). These equities are part of the ... rd , 2017, with the NYSE Health Care Index dropping ... S&P 500 also were down 0.3% as a group. These ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: