Navigation Links
Mayo Clinic researchers building melanoma vaccine to combat skin cancer

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers have trained mouse immune systems to eradicate skin cancer from within, using a genetic combination of human DNA from melanoma cells and a cousin of the rabies virus. The strategy, called cancer immunotherapy, uses a genetically engineered version of the vesicular stomatitis virus to deliver a broad spectrum of genes derived from melanoma cancer cells directly into tumors. In early studies, 60 percent of tumor-burdened mice were cured in fewer than three months and with minimal side effects. Results of the latest study appear this week in the journal Nature Biotechnology.

"We believe that this new technique will help us to identify a whole new set of genes that encode antigens that are important in stimulating the immune system to reject cancer. In particular, we have seen that several proteins need to be expressed together to generate the most effective rejection of the tumors in mice," says Richard Vile, Ph.D., a Mayo Clinic researcher in the Department of Molecular Medicine and a coauthor of the study, along with Jose Pulido, M.D., a Mayo Clinic ophthalmologist and ocular oncologist.

Dr. Vile's success with melanoma adds to Mayo Clinic's growing portfolio of experimental cancer vaccines, which includes an active clinical trial of vesicular stomatitis vaccines for liver cancers. Future studies could include similar vaccines for more aggressive cancers, such as lung, brain and pancreatic.

"I do believe we can create vaccines that will knock them off one by one," Dr. Vile says. "By vaccinating against multiple proteins at once, we hope that we will be able to treat both the primary tumor and also protect against recurrence."

The immune system functions on a seek-and-destroy platform and has fine-tuned its capacity to identify viral invaders such as vesicular stomatitis virus. Part of the appeal of building cancer vaccines from the whole spectrum of tumor DNA is that tumors can adapt to the repeated attacks of a healthy immune system and display fewer antigens (or signposts) that the immune system can identify.

Cancers can learn to hide from a normal immune system, but appear unable to escape an immune system trained by the vesicular stomatitis virus with the wide range of DNA used in the library approach.

"Nobody knows how many antigens the immune system can really see on tumor cells," says Dr. Vile. "By expressing all of these proteins in highly immunogenic viruses, we increased their visibility to the immune system. The immune system now thinks it is being invaded by the viruses, which are expressing cancer-related antigens that should be eliminated."

Much immunotherapy research has slowed because of researchers' inability to isolate a sufficiently diverse collection of antigens in tumor cells. Tumors in these scenarios are able to mutate and reestablish themselves in spite of the body's immune system.

The study was a Mayo collaboration with professors Alan Melcher and Peter Selby at the Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, U.K. They were also co-authors.


Contact: Robert Nellis
Mayo Clinic

Related medicine news :

1. The West Clinic Joins Cancer Clinics of Excellence (CCE)
2. Stethoscope App gives iPhone New Clinical Skills
3. Mayo Clinic responsible for $22 billion in economic impact, including $9.6 billion in Minnesota
4. Sunquest Introduces Integrated Clinical Environment Physician Portal Solution in US
5. Almac Launches New STEMS System to Transform Temperature Controlled Shipment Monitoring in Clinical Trials
6. Clinical trial underway: Miniature ultrasound device could revolutionize pain relief
7. Sunquest Completes System-Wide Implementation at Cleveland Clinic Hospital Laboratories
8. Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $1.1 Million For Clinical Trial of Transdermal Nicotine as Disease-Modifying Treatment For Parkinsons
9. NOVAVAX Presents Positive Clinical Results at The World Health Organization Conference, Geneva, Switzerland
10. UCLA Health System Presents: How to Successfully Implement a Clinical Portal
11. International Merchant Advisors CEO Mel Roseman to Discuss New Medical Marijuana Clinics Live on CBS Radio Networks Big Biz Show February 22, 2010 at 1:40 pm PST
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 28, 2015 , ... There is only one major question facing all law ... , This question has not been an easy question to answer. Especially when the ... the younger workforce don’t share the same discipline around working long hours. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released a report ... has just posted the findings on the website. Click here to read the ... 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. Among the ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... use in Final Cut Pro X. With ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily ... use ProSidebar as a minimalist title opener. Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Consultants has prided itself for not only fulfilling the needs of advisers and ... at an affordable price and providing top-tier customer service. However, there's always room ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Francisco, California (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Janis Joplin Ann Arbor Michigan boxing style concert posters. This is one of Joplin's ... at the Canterbury House at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The According ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2015)... and NUREMBERG, Germany , Nov. 29, ... leader Ziehm Imaging invites attendees to experience the most ... market. The highlight on display is Ziehm Vision RFD ... that provides a 16 cm edge length per scan ... Hybrid Edition, the first fully motorized mobile C-arm in ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... --> --> ... The potential to save costs, improve treatment quality and ... fully exploited as yet. Here, particular emphasis is placed ... mobile tablet or directly at the patients, bedside. ... ) -->      (Photo: ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... India , November 27, ... --> --> ... personal emergency response system (PERS) ... steadily for 5 years with ... region expected to see a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: