Navigation Links
Maternal smoking may impair infant immunity, causing a broad range of infections
Date:10/21/2013

ORLANDO. Fla. Maternal smoking is associated with both respiratory and non-respiratory infections in infants, resulting in increased risk for hospitalization and death, according to an abstract to be presented Sunday, Oct. 27, at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition in Orlando.

In "Maternal Smoking During pregnancy and Infant Infectious Disease Morbidity and Mortality," published earlier this year in the journal Pediatric Infectious Diseases, researchers reviewed hospitalization records and death certificates of 50,000 infants born in the state of Washington between 1987 and 2004. The case-control study assessed infant hospitalizations and deaths due to respiratory and non-respiratory infectious disease.

The infants of mothers who smoked were 50 percent more likely to be admitted to a hospital or die from any of a wide variety of infectious diseases than babies of mothers who did not smoke.

"We've known for a long time that babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy are at high risk for serious medical problems relating to low birth weight, premature delivery and poor lung development," said lead study author Abigail Halperin, MD, MPH. "While respiratory infections have been recognized as a common cause of these sometimes life-threatening illnesses, this study shows that babies exposed to smoke in utero also have increased risk for hospitalization and death from a much broader range of infectionsboth respiratory and non-respiratorythan we knew before."

The findings were largely independent of birth weight and gestational age, "thus even full-term babies with normal weight are at increased risk for hospitalization or death from multiple types of infections if their mother smoked," said Dr. Halperin. The results suggest that exposure to smoke during pregnancy harms infants' immune responses more generally, not just within the respiratory system, she said.

The study also found that when mothers cut back on their cigarette smoking or quit part way through their pregnancy, it seems to lower their child's risk of infection, said Dr. Halperin. "Counseling pregnant women to reduce their smoking, if they are not able to quit completely, may help reduce infant hospitalizations or death," she said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Debbie Jacobson
djacobson@aap.org
847-434-7084
American Academy of Pediatrics
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 3 types of fetal cells can migrate into maternal organs during pregnancy
2. New Stanford method enables sequencing of fetal genomes using only maternal blood sample
3. Yoga proves to reduce depression in pregnant women, boost maternal bonding
4. Prenatal maternal smoking associated with increased risk of adolescent obesity
5. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease increases maternal stress, depression, and anxiety
6. Higher risk of maternal complications/preterm deliveries for women undergoing multiple caesareans
7. Higher risk of maternal complications/preterm deliveries for women undergoing multiple cesareans
8. Overestimation of abortion deaths in Mexico hinders maternal mortality reduction efforts
9. Women and Infants Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialist selected for editorial team
10. Respectful maternal care to take center stage at Global Maternal Health Conference
11. Cervical Health Awareness Month 2013: Maternal & Family Health Services Focuses on Access to Reproductive Healthcare to Reduce Cervical Cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Thinksport, ... with The Jensie Gran Fondo of Marin. For the second year in a ... broad-spectrum, mineral-based sunscreen. , “We are thrilled to provide our safe, non-toxic sunscreen ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... The Lymphoma Research Foundation ... research and serving the lymphoma community through a comprehensive series of education programs, ... Club in Miami Beach to host its Swirl: Miami Wine Tasting Event on ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... ... Los Angeles-based weight loss surgeon Michael Feiz, M.D., F.AC.S. will be appearing ... which will begin airing on February 24, 2017. The show chronicles the weight loss ... television series, “Here Comes Honey Boo Boo.” The earlier series from TLC lasted for ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... approved content provider for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ... care-related organizations in the National Health Service (NHS) to search, order and purchase ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Pink Pig ... where generations converge and explore the world from different perspectives. By providing a ... readers to gain understanding, increase empathy, and find greater happiness. , "Our ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... YORK , Feb. 23, 2017  This report ... Thousand by the following Products: Intermediates, ... in the report include Pharmaceuticals, and Agrochemicals. The report ... Japan , Europe , and ... for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... YORK , Feb. 23, 2017  The ... 330.6 million by 2021 from USD 275.9 million ... Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p04718602-summary/view-report.html ... increasing spending on pharmaceutical R&D, and growth in ... driving the market growth for particle counters. On ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017  Xynomic Pharmaceuticals, Inc., an ... that it has acquired exclusive worldwide rights to ... innovative HDAC inhibitor targeting hematological and solid tumors. ... Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials of Abexinostat ... have already been completed, demonstrating that Abexinostat ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: