Navigation Links
Mastery of physical goals lessens disease-related depression and fatigue
Date:12/15/2009

CHAMPAIGN, lll. Physical activity is known to reduce depression and fatigue in people struggling with chronic illness. A new study indicates that this effect stems from an individual's sense of mastery over or belief in his or her ability to achieve certain physical goals.

The study appears in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine.

"We base our arguments on fatigue being a symptom of depression," said Edward McAuley, a professor of kinesiology and community health at the University of Illinois and lead author of the study. "Interventions to reduce depression have consistently resulted in reductions in fatigue. The opposite is not always the case."

Depression and fatigue also are highly susceptible to changes in a person's sense of his or her ability to achieve certain goals. This belief in one's own abilities is called self-efficacy, McAuley said. The conviction that you can jog down the block or climb several flights of stairs without stopping is an example of self-efficacy.

Previous studies have shown that increases in physical activity increase self-efficacy. The effect is almost immediate, McAuley said.

"The evidence is monumental that physical activity has some effect on well-being," McAuley said. "The question is: Why?" He and his colleagues wanted to determine whether self-efficacy plays a significant role in the sequence that leads from physical activity to reduced depression and fatigue.

"Our argument was that physically active individuals would have higher self-efficacy, which in turn would result in reduced depression and reduced fatigue," McAuley said.

To test this hypothesis, the researchers reanalyzed data from two previously published studies, the first involving breast-cancer survivors and the second focusing on individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Both studies included self-report questionnaires, but the second used different measures of health status, physical activity, self-efficacy, depression and fatigue. It also required that participants record their physical activity with an accelerometer worn during waking hours for seven days, and it tested them again on all measures after six months.

A statistical analysis showed that in both groups, higher levels of physical activity corresponded to higher self-efficacy and lower levels of depression and fatigue. But when the researchers controlled for the influence of self-efficacy on depression and fatigue, they found that the effect of physical activity on both depression and fatigue was significantly reduced.

This suggests, McAuley said, that physical activity influences depression and fatigue by increasing self-efficacy.

"What we're showing is that the relationship between physical activity and reductions in fatigue in breast-cancer survivors and people with MS can be explained in part by the effect of physical activity on mastery experiences," he said. "That sense of accomplishment, or situation-specific self-confidence, serves to reduce depression, which in turn reduces fatigue." Increased self-efficacy also has a direct effect on reducing fatigue, he said.

Physical activity programs can be designed to effectively enhance self-efficacy and, in turn, well-being, McAuley said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Mastery of Myeloma Continuing Education Training Program for the Multidisciplinary Care Team Set for Western Region
2. Physical Activity May Prolong Survival After Colon Cancer
3. Physical Therapist, Money Launderer and Patient Recruiter Plead Guilty in Connection With Multiple Detroit Health Care Fraud Schemes
4. North American Seminars Inc. Opens Its 2010 Physical Therapy Continuing Medical Education Course Sponsorship Program
5. Too much physical activity may lead to arthritis
6. W.K. Kellogg Foundation Grants $32.5 Million to Improve Access to Fresh Food and Physical Activity for Children
7. Physical scientists at Arizona State University will apply laws of physics in cancer fight
8. Detroit-Area Physical Therapist Pleads Guilty in Medicare Fraud Scheme
9. Physical therapists play integral role in prevention, risk reduction, and treatment of lymphedema
10. New Online Service Uses Video Instruction to Simplify Physical Therapy Exercises
11. Physical activity in adolescence associated with decreased risk of brain cancer in adulthood
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Mastery of physical goals lessens disease-related depression and fatigue
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the ... Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families ... to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Puradigm® & ... (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing operations at its production facility, and opened ... , Puradigm is the manufacturer of a complete system of proactive air and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Venture Construction Group (VCG) sponsors ... on June 20th at the Woodmont Country Club at 1201 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland, ... to helping service members that have been wounded in battle and their families. Venture ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Finally, a bruise cream that ... dermaka cream can be incorporated into the post-surgical treatment plans of a variety of ... , dermaka cream is very effective for bruising and causes a rapid resolution of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... New York (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... marijuana patients optimize the ingestion of their medication by matching users with high quality ... users to compare pieces with no commitment. , Inhale was founded by two brothers, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... BOGOTA, Colombia , June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a ... second affiliate in Latin America . ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  Experian ... integrating and transforming the patient payment and ... several innovative new products and services that ... its revenue cycle offerings. These award-winning solutions ... efficient workflows, remain compliant in an ever-changing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: