Navigation Links
Maryland study finds that US Hispanics were at greater risk for H1N1 flu during 2009 pandemic
Date:12/5/2011

COLLEGE PARK, Md. -- Social determinants, including the lack of paid sick leave, contributed to higher risk of exposure to the influenza A (H1N1) virus among Hispanics in the U.S. during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to a study led by Sandra Crouse Quinn, professor of family science and senior associate director of the Maryland Center for Health Equity at the University of Maryland School of Public Health. The findings are published online ahead of print in the American Journal of Public Health, November 17, 2011.

Several other studies from the pandemic found that H1N1 disease had a disproportionate impact on minorities, but the factors contributing to this disparity were not clear. Dr. Quinn's team, which included lead author, Dr. Supriya Kumar, and other researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Georgia, investigated how social determinants, such as workplace policies and household size, contributed to the incidence of influenza-like illness during the pandemic. By surveying a nationally representative sample of 2,079 U.S. adults in January 2010, the research team discovered that incidence of influenza-like illness was strongly associated with workplace policies, such as lack of access to sick leave, and structural factors, such as having more children and crowding in the household. Even after controlling for income and education, the researchers found that Hispanic ethnicity was related to a greater risk of influenza-like illness attributable to these social determinants.

"Our findings suggest that we could significantly reduce the incidence of flu, particularly among Hispanics, by creating federal mandates for sick leave that allow people to stay home from work when they need to," said Dr. Quinn, who is also the school's Associate Dean for Public Health Initiatives and the senior author. "The underlying social determinants that affect the health of Hispanics and other minorities also limit their ability to protect themselves during a pandemic. We need to implement policies before an acute disease outbreak happens that allow people to create the social distance necessary to slow the spread of infection."

The study analysis also suggests that the absence of such sick leave policies could contribute to 5 million additional cases of influenza in the general population and 1.2 million additional cases among Hispanics during a subsequent pandemic.

"Dr. Quinn's team was the first to empirically test our conceptual model of disparities in the context of a pandemic, documenting how underlying social disparities can exacerbate the pandemic, unless they are systematically addressed," said Dr. Paula Braveman, Professor of Family and Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, and senior author of a study that urged policy makers to create plans to minimize disparities during flu pandemics (Blumenshine, et al, in Emerging Infectious Diseases, May 2008). "This is a significant first step in advancing our understanding of how disparities are perpetuated and aggravated in the absence of well-conceived preventative actions."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelly Blake
kellyb@umd.edu
301-405-9418
University of Maryland
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Whole-parasite malaria vaccine shows promise in University of Maryland School of Medicine clinical trial
2. First US patient receives specially processed donor lungs at the University of Maryland
3. University of Maryland researchers discover possible drug targets for common non-Hodgkins lymphoma
4. Helping Maryland municipalities go green to save: New UMD initiative
5. Maryland Stem Cell Research Commission funds 36 new projects in FY 2011
6. Maryland poll: Traditional media and internet more trusted than social media for research news
7. Maryland In Home Dog Training Service has a Mission to Keep "Dogs with Behavior Problems" Out of the Animal Shelters
8. VA Maryland Health Care System's Summer Health Tips
9. 3M and Maryland Hospital Association's Quality Indicator Project Partner to Deliver Comprehensive Quality Solution
10. Western Maryland to be Featured at BIO International Convention
11. Maryland's Preeminent Domestic Violence Agency Announces New Organizational Changes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... Worth, TX (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 ... ... financial planning agency serving communities in the greater Dallas, Miami, and Raleigh regions, ... young boy fighting to overcome a rare and deadly chromosome abnormality. , After ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... While it’s often important to take certain medications during the night, finding ... identified a solution. , She developed a prototype for MOTION LIGHT-UP PILL BOX to ... the need to turn on a light when taking medication during the night, allowing ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Apple Rehab Shelton Lakes , which specializes in the delivery ... as part of a disaster drill on October 3rd. , Apple Rehab participated with ... Manager, as well as the Connecticut Long Term Care Mutual Aid Plan (LTC-MAP). ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for ... for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in ... reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, the combined ... Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager Prime Therapeutics LLC (Prime), ... which included the unveiling of new signage at its ... well as at a few other company-owned facilities across ... to patients, some of whom will begin to see ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... , Sept. 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... earnings conference call and webcast on Friday, November 3, ... (EDT) and ending at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / ... the company,s 2017 financial performance and guidance for 2018, ... initiatives to enhance operational performance, and long-range financial outlook ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... and NEW YORK , Sept. 27, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... health and big data solutions, today announced that its MyDario product is ... your local TV listings for when The Dr. Oz Show airs in ... The nine-time ... month. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: