Navigation Links
Marathoners Face Greater Risk of Artery Problems

And this could lead to high blood pressure, heart attack, even death, study suggests

SATURDAY, March 13 (HealthDay News) -- If regular exercise such as jogging is good for the heart, then turbo-charged workouts like training for marathons must be even better, right?

Not so fast, according to new research by Greek doctors who found that marathon runners have increased stiffness of the large arteries, suggesting that some types of high-intensity exercise may actually be bad for the heart, potentially leading to hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, heart attack and even death.

"Our data suggest that exercise may have an inverted U-shape relation with arterial stiffness. In other words, when you do not exercise you have higher risk of cardiovascular events, but the same also happens when you exercise too much," study lead investigator Dr. Despina Kardara, of Athens Medical School, Hippokration Hospital, said in a news release. "Regular long-term endurance training is generally beneficial for heart health, but it seems that the cardiovascular system is like a sports car engine. If you do not use it, it will decay, but if you run it too fast for too long, you might burn it out."

The findings were presented Saturday at the American College of Cardiology's annual scientific session, in Atlanta.

The study, which the researchers said was the first examine the long-term effect of intense, protracted endurance training on the elastic properties of the large arteries, found that male marathon runners (females were not included in the study) had significantly increased stiffness of the aorta -- the major artery leading from the heart -- when compared with people who took part in recreational exercise.

The researchers evaluated blood pressure and artery elasticity in 49 healthy men who regularly trained to run marathons and 46 control subjects who weren't endurance athletes. The marathoners had significantly higher systolic blood pressure (the top number in a reading) than the non-marathoners, about 11 points higher on average, when measured at the brachial artery in the upper arm. Their mean blood pressure was also about 8 points higher on average than the control subjects.

The researchers concluded that the study participants' exercise regimens were related to arterial stiffness, suggesting that more intense exercise may lead to increased stiffness of the large arteries.

"This is important because stiff arteries lead to high blood pressure and can impair the heart, keeping it from performing properly," Kardara said. "Overall, aortic stiffness is an indicator of cardiovascular disease and hardening of the arteries, and a predictor of heart attack and related death."

The researchers said there may be several explanations for the stiffer arteries found in marathoners. One is that extreme exercise may place repeated and excessive stress on the artery wall, leading to its fatigue, said Dr. Charalambos Vlachopoulos, also of Athens Medical School, Hippokration Hospital, and a co-investigator of the study.

"Endurance athletes should be cautious about the amount and volume of their training programs, trying not to wear themselves out, and always work in close collaboration with their physicians, especially before participating in an intense endeavor like marathon running, Kardara said.

More information

To learn more about exercise and heart health, visit the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

-- HealthDay staff

SOURCE: American College of Cardiology, news release, March 13, 2010

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Marathoners Share Tom Brady and LaDainian Tomlinson Pain Relief Affinity
2. Marathoners Go the Distance on Heart Health
3. Marathoners Face Greater Risk of Artery Stiffness
4. Prevalence of COPD Greater Than Thought
5. DuPont Focused on Meeting Global Demands for Greater Safety & Protection
6. Greater Baltimore Medical Center Taps Beryl for Customer Call Center Services
7. Kensey Nash Reports Acceleration of Stock Awards Triggered by Shareholder Acquisition of Greater Than 20% of Outstanding Shares
8. New strategies with greater antitumorous efficacy
9. Malaria product portfolio would benefit from greater cohesion amongst stakeholders
10. Greater China Corporation Forms TongRenTang Wellness Corporation
11. United Way of Greater Los Angeles Kicks Off Initiative to Prevent and End Homelessness With HomeWalk 2007
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Quality metrics are proliferating in cancer care, ... remain in the eye of the beholder, according to experts who offered insights and ... Journal of Managed Care. For the full issue, click here . , For ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing Effect ... videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice Levels ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is helping to develop a ... fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the fitness industry today:, ... type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons people quit their exercise ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 ... ... will discuss health policy issues and applications at AcademyHealth’s Annual Research Meeting June ... share their work on several important health care topics including advance care planning, ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 ... brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live ... not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced ... Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their ... global pharmaceutical excipients market is projected to reach USD ... in the forecast period 2016 to 2021. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ANGELES , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused ... therapeutics, today announced that patient enrollment in its ... in Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient ... enrollment in the third quarter of 2016, and ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, ... a Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, ... winners, announced today online at by ... 1 diabetes stand in the way of academic and ... the Foundation,s scholarship program since 2012, and continues to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: