Navigation Links
Many Kindergarteners Already on Road to Obesity, Study Finds
Date:11/23/2011

By Jenifer Goodwin
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Today's kindergarteners are heavier than kids brought up in the 1970s and 1980s and appear to be on the road to becoming overweight and obese in the years to come, a new study finds.

"It's not just kids who are already overweight getting more and more so, there is an entire shift. Even those who are normal weight are gaining weight," said lead study author Ashlesha Datar, senior economist at RAND Corp. in Santa Monica, Calif.

Researchers analyzed data on nearly 6,000 white, black and Hispanic children who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study -- a nationally representative sample -- and had their height and weight measured over nine years, in kindergarten, first, third, fifth and eighth grades.

The study found nearly 40 percent of kindergarteners had a body mass index (BMI) in the 75th percentile or above, up from 25 percent in the 1970s and 1980s, when the growth charts were developed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While a BMI in the 75th percentile is still in the normal range, that child may be headed for being overweight or obese, Datar said. And if they're already at the 75th percentile in kindergarten, they don't have far to go before they tip into the overweight or obese category, which puts them at risk of serious health problems as adults.

Traditionally, a BMI in the 85th to 95th percentile is considered overweight, while above the 95th percentile is obese. The number of kids at the top of the scale has swelled too.

About 28 percent of kids from the current sample had a BMI in the 85th to 95th percentiles, compared with 10 percent of earlier generations, while 12 percent had a BMI above the 95th percentile, compared with 5 percent of the earlier group of kids.

Gains in BMI were most striking among Hispanic children and black girls, according to the study, published in the December issue of Pediatrics.

Percentile measures how a child stacks up to others his age. So, a child in the 75th percentile for weight is presumably heavier than 75 percent of other children his age, since children are compared to one another. Therefore, by definition, 25 percent of kids should be in that category.

But with so many kids heavier then they used to be, the old weight distributions may not hold up, Datar said.

There were also fewer kids at the lower end of the weight spectrum. About 14 percent were in the lowest fourth for weight compared with 25 percent in earlier generations and 18 percent were in the second lower quartile compared with 25 percent in earlier generations.

The weight gain accelerated between kindergarten and third grade. The proportion of kids in the top quartile (75th percentile or above) was almost 48 percent by third grade, but weight gain leveled off after that.

Experts said the findings show that to make an impact on skyrocketing childhood obesity rates, programs to encourage better eating habits and more physical activity have to start very early, possibly even in preschool. Those programs also need to include kids who are normal weight.

"If you find your child is in the 75th percentile, it should be warning to you that your child is at higher risk of being an obese adult, and you need to start thinking about what your family is doing as far as eating habits, food intake and exercise," Datar said.

The reasons that America's kids are getting heavier overall aren't fully understood, but there are many possibilities, said Dr. Albert Rocchini, a professor of pediatrics at University of Michigan's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital.

These include the ready availability and convenience of high-fat, high-sugar and highly caloric snack and processed foods and less physical activity because of video games, TV and less outdoor play time. Many families rely more on fast food and restaurant food, which tend to pack more calories than home-cooked food.

"This study reinforces what people are noticing, and it's a little discouraging," said Rocchini. "The incidence of obesity is going up because everybody is getting heavier," he said.

For health reasons, it's important to get a child's weight gain under control, he added. A study recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that obese children who became obese adults were at much higher risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and atherosclerosis.

More information

The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry has more on childhood obesity.

SOURCES: Ashlesha Datar, Ph.D., senior economist, RAND Corp., Santa Monica, Calif.; Albert Rocchini, M.D., professor, pediatrics, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan; December 2011, Pediatrics


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking Raises Odds for Cancer in Women Already at High Risk
2. Improved treatment access requires end to portrayal of drug abusers as already dead
3. Internet Sweepstakes Cafe's…Already Causing Impact on Gambling Problems in Florida
4. Benefits of nut consumption for people with abdominal obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure
5. Neighborhood Can Affect Obesity, Diabetes Risk
6. WU studies obesity, cancer link with $9.2 million grant
7. Out of reach? Rural elders have highest rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease
8. Multiple Pregnancies May Up Risk of Obesity, Diabetes: Animal Study
9. Obesity, Disparities in Care Help Drive U.S. Stillbirths: Studies
10. Study reinforces link between obesity, high-fat meals and heart disease
11. Obesity, Bum Knees Robbing Seniors of Good Years: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Many Kindergarteners Already on Road to Obesity, Study Finds
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... FileHold's document management software has been implemented ... hosted environment for FileHold software that is pay per user subscription-based and also ... the FileHold web services API. DocuSyst also advises clients on fully functioning back ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest five-star rating to ... are derived from a cluster of melanin when exposed to sunlight. Although most moles ... a lifetime of embarrassment. Historically, mole removal has involved a painful, often ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... (NADL), only four states in the U.S. require dental technicians to be certified ... in the dental industry, NADL created the “What’s In Your Mouth?” campaign to ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... has added Kybella® to his medical and surgical expertise. Technically known as deoxycholic ... injectable medication used as a non-surgical alternative for reduction of fat below the ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Shark Finds and ... launch of a new DRTV campaign with Belly Bands. , Having a dog is ... sprays to puppy pads and find nothing works, get Belly Bands, the easiest ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  As people age, ... The multitude of recommended screenings and tests that are ... a priority. However, for the majority of aging individuals, ... health planning. For the 37.5 million American adults who ... the present to make hearing health a 2016 healthy ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ("Aralez") ... POZEN Inc. ("POZEN") and Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. ("Tribute") following ... shareholders of Tribute. The combined company will operate under ... with operations in Canada , ... States . Under the terms of the Agreement ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Chairman and CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s ... York, NY at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, ... Immunotherapy Panel discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. ... approximately one hour after the conclusion of the live event. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: