Navigation Links
Mandatory alcohol testing for truck and bus drivers reduces alcohol involvement in fatal crashes
Date:9/11/2009

September 10, 2009 Mandatory alcohol testing programs for truck and bus drivers have contributed to a significant reduction in alcohol involvement in fatal crashes, according to a new study by researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Based on a study sample of nearly 70,000 motor carrier (heavy trucks and buses) drivers and over 83,000 nonmotor-carrier (car) drivers, the estimated net effect attributed to the mandatory alcohol testing programs for drivers of heavy trucks and buses was a 23% reduced risk of alcohol involvement in fatal crashes. This is the first study to comprehensively evaluate the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991, which made alcohol testing mandatory for transportation employees with safety sensitive functions. Findings from the study are published online in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

In the U.S., there are approximately 4,000 fatal crashes involving heavy trucks and buses each year, and nearly 80% of these fatal crashes are collisions between a motor carrier and a passenger car. About 3% of the motor carrier drivers and 27% of non-motor-carrier drivers in these fatal crashes are under the influence of alcohol.

"The mandatory alcohol testing programs for transportation employees with safety-sensitive functions are a major policy intervention," says Guohua Li, MD, DrPH, professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health and professor of Anesthesiological Sciences at Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, and senior author. "However, this policy remains a controversial one, because of legal and ethical concerns and little empirical data about its safety benefit. Our study provides compelling evidence that implementation of the mandatory alcohol testing programs has significantly reduced alcohol involvement in fatal motor carrier crashes."

The authors also report that the estimated safety ben
'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Folic acid -- mandatory fortification may be unnecessary
2. Health Affairs Report On Mass. Mandatory Insurance Law Confirms: Strong Public Option Must Be Included in National Health Reform
3. Rarely Used Closed Doors Slammed Again in U.S. Senate Health Care Reform; Sen. Max Baucus Must Publicly Answer 10 Questions About Mandatory Purchase of Health Insurance
4. Sen. Max Baucus: Answer 10 Questions About Mandatory Purchase of Health Insurance Including Why the Public Was Excluded From Todays Committee Meeting
5. Complexities Simplified for Medicares Mandatory Insurer Reporting
6. Schering-Plough Declares Quarterly Dividends on Common Shares and Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock
7. Consumer Watchdog to U.S. Senate: Dont Leave Consumers Out of Health Reform Debate, Public Opposes Mandatory Purchases of Private Insurance & Supports Opening Medicare to Everyone
8. New Poll Warns Daschle, Obama: Mandatory Health Insurance Big Loser With Public; Voters Want Return on Stem Cell Research
9. Consumer Watchdog Urges President-elect Obama to Continue to Oppose Mandatory Purchase of Junk Health Insurance
10. To Reduce Mercury Pollution, Dentists need a mandatory requirement, According to US House Oversight Report; Mercury Group Concurs
11. Pennsylvania Trauma Systems Foundation Releases Data Supporting Mandatory Use of Motorcycle Helmets
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2014)... 31, 2014 Throughout the month ... be featured in the highly coveted 10 Rockefeller ... by EHE International, an historic preventative healthcare company, ... window display, designed in partnership with Stephen Pannone ... in a ratio that denotes the alarmingly low ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Two Moms in the Raw, maker ... a Cacao Nib Nut Bar, Green Tea Vanilla Truffle and ... products, each is 100% organic, gluten-free, non-GMO, raw, sprouted, Kosher ... constantly working on creating the best-tasting, live products to give ... said Shari Leidich, Founder and VP of Product Development for ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... MO (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 Saint ... with an Excellence Through Insight award for Overall Patient ... and Systems (CG-CAHPS) database in multiple categories by HealthStream, ... their commitment to excellence in patient care. To qualify ... been a patient satisfaction-tracking client of HealthStream in 2013, ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... CA (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 i2i ... SAS Institute Inc. (SAS) to provide a ... Center (HCC). , SAS is one of the largest ... people worldwide. More than 40,000 patients are seen annually ... In addition to delivering primary care, providers at the ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... 2014 Six schools of nursing have been ... to 2018, bringing the total to 35, the National League ... by competitive application reviewed by a panel of leaders in ... designees. , As in previous years, the new COEs will ... during the NLN Banquet. Deans and other top administrators, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:National Ovarian Cancer Coalition to be Featured in New York’s Rockefeller Center Window during August to Raise Awareness and Promote Education about Ovarian Cancer 2Health News:National Ovarian Cancer Coalition to be Featured in New York’s Rockefeller Center Window during August to Raise Awareness and Promote Education about Ovarian Cancer 3Health News:Two Moms in the Raw Launches Three New, Raw, Sprouted 100% Organic Snacks 2Health News:Two Moms in the Raw Launches Three New, Raw, Sprouted 100% Organic Snacks 3Health News:Saint Luke’s Health System Physicians and Clinics Earn Excellence through Insight Awards for Overall Patient Experience in the CG-CAHPS Database 2Health News:Saint Luke’s Health System Physicians and Clinics Earn Excellence through Insight Awards for Overall Patient Experience in the CG-CAHPS Database 3Health News:SAS Selects i2i Systems for Health Care Center Patient Referral Database 2Health News:SAS Selects i2i Systems for Health Care Center Patient Referral Database 3Health News:Six Schools of Nursing Named National League for Nursing Centers of Excellence in Nursing Education for 2014-18 2Health News:Six Schools of Nursing Named National League for Nursing Centers of Excellence in Nursing Education for 2014-18 3
... been treated by removing a disc or placing a bone ... an artificial disc which is being studied as a replacement ... study that was recently completed compared the prosthesis to traditional ... randomized, with one having a fusion operation for every two ...
... Pace University in New York found from an analysis of ... found that the percentage of women who quit smoking rose ... of those were unable to remain ex-smokers six months after ... of Preventive Medicine suggested that the results varied among groups. ...
... related injuries to the back, in children. However, researchers in ... injuries to the heads and faces of children than they ... the January issue of Pediatrics. ,The study covered all ... to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the U.S. ...
... many including genetic abnormalities. Earlier studies have shown that ... failure and this discovery is now being used as ... against heart failure. ,The research which was carried ... that delivering a gene that helps the heart to ...
... that are treated with angioplasty or a transplantation may ... there is an ever-present risk of rejection of the// ... causes damage to the vessel walls. This in turn ... however, revealed that pre-treatment with carbon monoxide may protect ...
... most common diseases among children that were known until ... recently, researchers and neurologists have found that stroke is ... newborns that often go unnoticed. A National Hospital's database ... the University of California showed that four in 1000 ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Artificial discs available as replacements for damaged discs 2Health News:Stroke also in list of common childhood ailments 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... , 31. Juli 2014 Marken hat ... Miami bekanntgegeben, um die wachsenden logistischen ... Lateinamerika zu erfüllen. Die neu ausgebaute Einrichtung wird ... und für die Zusammenlegung von Sendungen in und ... Lagerkapazität bereitstellen.   Logo - ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , July 31, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... Miami facilities to meet the clinical ... America .  The newly expanded facility will continue ... samples, consolidation of shipments to and from the region, ... In its newest location, Marken will combine its office ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 30, 2014  There is still time to ... The 10th Annual Institute for Supply Management ® ... in Supply Management is open for submissions.  The ... and importance of supply management by recognizing supply ... supply management practices.  Entries are due August 22, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Marken erweitert regionales Logistikzentrum in Miami 2Marken Expands Miami Regional Logistics Center 2Institute for Supply Management, Michigan State University to recognize companies with excellent supply management practices 2
... the nation,s leader in pain medication monitoring, announced ... titled "Patterns of Drug Use in the Older ... Annual Meeting.  Ameritox researchers will share analysis from ... patients aged 50 and older.  Data show almost ...
... Pa., May 17, 2012  Egalet Ltd., a privately held ... abuse-deterrent medications, announced today Bob Radie, president and chief ... Sciences Europe conference on May 23 organized by ... company,s patented technology and pipeline of abuse-deterrent opioids that ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Large-Scale Meta-Analysis Shows Age Not a Social Barrier to Opioid Use and Misuse 2Large-Scale Meta-Analysis Shows Age Not a Social Barrier to Opioid Use and Misuse 3Large-Scale Meta-Analysis Shows Age Not a Social Barrier to Opioid Use and Misuse 4Egalet to Present at Life Sciences Europe Conference 2
... The AlphaPette Pipettor is the #1 ... Offers accuracy, comfort, and reliability. Continuously ... volume readout sub-micrometer. Easy interchangeable ejector ... tiny hands. Adjustable rapid pipet tip ...
... Thermo Labsystems was designed specifically to combine ... such as the new fast dial system ... help to define this as a new ... interchangeable handle plate offers a custom fit ...
... Reference Series 2000 Pipette is a synonym ... compact and robust design, and superior operating ... to operate the measuring stroke and blow-out ... Product features: Eppendorf "pipette/tip" system ensures ...
... The Integrity family of pacemakers ... and truly automatic devices in today's ... combination of automated features and diagnostic ... popular and proven Affinity pacemakers platform. ...
Medicine Products: