Navigation Links
Male smokers less likely to need joint replacement surgery of hip or knee
Date:7/7/2011

Surprising results from a new study revealed that men who smoke had less risk of undergoing total joint replacement surgery than those who never smoked. Researchers also reported that men who were overweight, or who engaged in vigorous physical activity were more likely to need arthroplasty. Details of this study are now available in Arthritis & Rheumatism,a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).

Research has shown that total hip and knee replacements, also known as arthroplasty, are among the most common elective surgeries performed in developed countries. According to data from the 2007 National Hospital Discharge Survey an estimated 230,000 Americans had hip replacement surgery and 543,000 received knee replacements, with severe osteoarthritis (OA) cited as the most frequent cause for undergoing the procedure. OAthe most common form of arthritiscauses pain and stiffness in the joints, with studies indicating that older age, female gender, and obesity increase disease risk.

In the current study, George Mnatzaganian, a PhD student from the University of Adelaide in Australia, and colleagues examined the associations of smoking, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity as they relate to risk of joint replacement surgery in men. Clinical data for the 11,388 male study participants, who were part of the Health in Men Study (HIMS), were integrated with hospital morbidity data and mortality records. During the initial health screening (1996-1999), HIMS subjects were surveyed regarding smoking history and physical activity.

Researchers analyzed clinical data from baseline through March 2007, identifying 857 men who had joint replacement surgery following the screening. Of those having surgery, 59% had total knee replacement and 41% had total hip replacement. Subjects were categorized into three age groups: 65-69 years, 70-74 years, and 75 or more years of age.

Analysis showed that being overweight independently increased total joint replacement risk, while smoking lowered the risk, which was most evident after 23 years of smoking exposure. In fact, men who smoked 48 years or more were up to 51% less likely to undergo total joint replacements than those who never smoked. The team also reported that vigorous exercise increased risk of joint replacement in men in the 70-74 year age group.

"Our study is the first to demonstrate a strong inverse correlation between smoking duration and risk of total joint replacement. The independent inverse associations of smoking with risk of total joint replacement were evident also after adjusting for major confounders and after accounting for the competing mortality risk in this elderly cohort of men," Mnatzaganian confirmed. "Further investigation is needed to determine how smoking impacts the development of OA."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
healthnews@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted
2. Genetic variant greatly increases lung cancer risk for light smokers
3. Longtime Smokers May Find Protection From Parkinsons
4. Blood Vessels Bounce Back Once Smokers Quit
5. Gene is linked to lung cancer development in never-smokers
6. Gene Linked to Lung Cancer Risk in Non-Smokers
7. Movies Trigger Young Adult Smokers to Light Up
8. Researchers discover new approach for identifying smokers at highest risk for developing lung cancer
9. Arteries Age Twice as Fast in Smokers
10. Alcohol consumption may protect against risk of AD, particularly in female nonsmokers
11. Women Smokers Targeted on World No Tobacco Day
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Power Systems, a ... first PowerWave Instructor Certification Course in Stoughton, Massachusetts. The course was led by ... through the 8 hour interactive course to qualify participants as certified PowerWave trainers. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Redwood City, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... time, Silicon Valley-based startup, The Dough Bar, has ignited an undeniable buzz ... shake -- a doughnut. But not just any doughnut.  These doughnuts are packed with ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... efforts for several years, and the efforts have paid off. Since implementation ... new standards of care to enhance perioperative patient experiences and reduce costly complications. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... practices, is seeking nominations to serve on its Accreditation and Standards Committees ... , “RadSite’s quality-benchmarking activities incorporate key process and outcome measures, with the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... announce that it has successfully completed another Health Canada inspection and has received ... Canada. The rating resulted from a Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) inspection conducted at ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... 2016 ReportsnReports.com adds "Chronic ... that provides an overview on therapeutic pipeline of ... stages, therapeutics assessment by drug target, mechanism of ... type, along with latest updates, and featured news ... involved in the therapeutic development for Chronic Cough ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016  Diana Russell suffers from ... organs from the inside out.  This disease has put ... on her children and grandchildren to leave her home.  ... Diana,s family cannot haul the wheelchair.  So if there ... car, and Diana is left to wait for the ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- The innovator of COMBO ... s first dual therapy stent, introduces catheters for lower ... a global company specializing in the provision of life-changing ... to treat peripheral artery disease. The JADE™ and Scoreflex™ ... lower limb and arteriovenous (AV) fistula intervention. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: