Navigation Links
Male fertility can be restored after cancer treatment, says Pitt team
Date:11/1/2012

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 1, 2012 An injection of banked sperm-producing stem cells can restore fertility to male primates who become sterile due to cancer drug side effects, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Magee-Womens Research Institute. In their animal study, which was published today in Cell Stem Cell, previously frozen stem cells restored production of sperm that successfully fertilized eggs to produce early embryos.

Some cancer drugs work by destroying rapidly dividing cells. As it is not possible to discriminate between cancer cells and other rapidly dividing cells in the body, the precursor cells involved in making sperm can be inadvertently wiped out leaving the patient infertile, said senior investigator Kyle Orwig, Ph.D., associate professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Pitt School of Medicine, and an investigator at Magee-Womens Research Institute.

"Men can bank sperm before they have cancer treatment if they hope to have biological children later in their lives," he said. "But that is not an option for young boys who haven't gone through puberty, can't provide a sperm sample, and are many years away from thinking about having babies."

Even very young boys, though, have spermatogonial stem cells in their testicular tissue that are poised to begin producing sperm during puberty. To see whether it was possible to restore fertility using these cells, Dr. Orwig and his team biopsied the testes of prepubertal and adult male macaque monkeys and cryopreserved the cells from the small samples. The monkeys were then treated with chemotherapy agents known to impair fertility.

A few months after chemotherapy treatment, the team re-introduced each monkey's own spermatogonial stem cells back in to his testes using an ultrasound-guided technique. Sperm production was established from transplanted cells in nine out of 12 adult animals and three out of five prepubertal animals after they reached maturity. In another test, spermatogonial stem cells from other unrelated monkeys were transplanted into infertile animals, which created sperm with the DNA fingerprint of the donor to allow easy tracking of their origin. In lab tests, sperm from transplant recipients successfully fertilized 81 eggs, leading to embryos that developed to the morula and blastocyst stages, which are the stages that normally precede implantion in the mother's uterus. Donor parentage was confirmed in seven of the embryos.

"This study demonstrates that spermatogonial stem cells from higher primates can be frozen and thawed without losing their activity, and that they can be transplanted to produce functional sperm that are able to fertilize eggs and give rise to early embryos," Dr. Orwig said.

The findings are encouraging because several centers in the U.S. and abroad already are banking testicular tissue for boys in anticipation that new stem cell-based therapies will be available in the future to help them achieve pregnancy and have their own biological children.

"These patients and their families are the pioneers that inspire our research and help drive the development of new medical breakthroughs," Dr. Orwig said. He directs the Fertility Preservation Program in Pittsburgh, a unique collaboration between Magee-Womens Research Institute, Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, and the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute that offers education and treatment options for children as well as adult men and women who are at risk of becoming infertile due to medical problems including cancer.

"Many questions remain to be answered," Dr. Orwig noted. "Should we re-introduce the spermatogonial cells as soon as treatment is over, or wait until the patient is considered cured of his disease, or when he is ready to start a family? How do we eliminate the risk of cancer recurrence if we give back untreated cells that might include cancer cells? These are issues we still must work through, but this study does show us the concept is feasible."


'/>"/>

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
srikamav@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Stem cells show promise for treating infertility in cancer patients
2. Cell death discovery suggests new ways to protect female fertility
3. New ways to protect female fertility
4. Treating Sperm With Missing Protein Might Help Male Fertility
5. Ovarian Transplants May Preserve Fertility in Young Cancer Survivors
6. Fertility drug usage and cancer risk
7. Can Fertility Treatments Influence Later Breast Cancer Risk?
8. Fertility preservation with cryopreservation of ovarian tissue: from experimental to mainstream
9. Heavy Coffee Intake May Affect Fertility Treatments: Study
10. Childless women with fertility problems at higher risk of hospitalization for psychiatric disorders
11. Success of fertility treatment may approach natural birth rate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Bellus ... the latest innovation in the delivery of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). PRP systems ... pain management, to accelerate tissue synthesis and provide a faster and more efficient ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Super-Sod will attend the Athens Home Show ... Georgia. , A shift from Super-Sod’s simple Athens Home Show booth of 2016, this ... grass seed plant manager Chris Roquemore constructed furniture from recycled pallet wood at the ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... threats. Yet with so many different solutions on the market, it is easy ... choices, Texas Premier Locksmith offers a complimentary security consultation. , Home ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Author Michèle Wolff has a passion for using food ... know all about it for optimal health. Wanting to share her knowledge to the ... and Wellness Solutions ” (published by Balboa Press AU). , This book inspires ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... As recently as 2015, rhinoplasty was one ... Society of Plastic Surgeons. Some patients want to make a change in the appearance ... improve their breathing ability. The team at usrhinoplasty.org is expanding its article ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... Feb. 21, 2017 Patient Monitoring ... are used to monitor physiological signs. These devices are ... monitors. Remote patient monitoring is one of the key ... equipment in the market. Hence, vendors are developing technologically ... applications, which can send test results on time and ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... The global infusion pumps market is estimated ... to 2021, to reach USD 10.84 billion by 2021 ... chronic diseases along with increasing geriatric population, increasing adoption ... increase in surgical procedural volumes, and rising applications of ... key factors driving the growth of this market. However, ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , Feb. 21, 2017  Luminex Corporation (NASDAQ: ... of directors has authorized the initiation of a quarterly cash ... This initial cash dividend will be payable on April 14, ... business on March 24, 2017. The board ... quarterly cash dividend of $0.06 to holders of its common ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: