Navigation Links
Major study links insurance status to advanced stage in multiple cancers
Date:2/17/2008

ATLANTA -- A new American Cancer Society study of twelve types of cancer among more than 3.5 million cancer patients finds uninsured patients were significantly more likely to present with advanced stage cancer compared to patients with private insurance. The study, which appears in the March issue of The Lancet Oncology, is the first to use national data to investigate insurance status and stage of diagnosis for a large number of cancer sites. It finds the strongest association between insurance status and advanced cancer was for cancers that can be detected early by screening or evaluation of symptoms.

For their study, American Cancer Society researchers led by Michael Halpern, M.D., Ph.D., strategic director of health services research, compared insurance status and stage at diagnosis using the National Cancer Database, a hospital-based registry capturing patient information from approximately 1,430 facilities. The database includes information for approximately 73 percent of patients diagnosed with cancer in the U.S. The new analysis included patients in the database between ages 18 and 99 diagnosed with any of 12 cancers between 1998 and 2004.

The study found consistent associations between insurance status and stage at diagnosis across multiple cancer sites. Compared to patients with private insurance, uninsured patients had significantly increased likelihoods of being diagnosed with cancer at more advanced stages. The greatest risk for diagnosis at with moderately advanced cancer (stage II) instead of the earliest stage (stage I) was in colorectal cancer, while the highest risk for diagnosis at the most advanced stage of cancer (stage III/IV) was in breast cancer. Medicaid patients also had significantly increased risks of presenting with more advanced stage disease compared to patients with private insurance for many cancer sites. The greatest increase in risk of more advanced stage diagnosis among both uninsured and Medicaid-insured occurred for cancer sites that are part of routine screening (e.g., breast, colorectal) or sites with symptoms present at early stages (melanoma, urinary bladder).

In contrast, the likelihood of diagnosis at more advanced stages for pancreas or ovary cancer, while higher, was not significant or only marginally significant for uninsured and Medicaid patients compared to privately insured patients. These two sites characteristically present with advanced stage at diagnosis and do not have screening tests or specific symptoms to allow doctors to diagnose them at an early stage.

The authors note that some of the patients who were coded as having Medicaid insurance were likely to have been enrolled after diagnosis, and thus their later stage at diagnosis may not reflect ability to obtain cancer screening and timely diagnosis among individuals with Medicaid coverage but instead, barriers to medical care due to lack of health insurance.

The study also found African American patients were significantly more likely to be diagnosed at a more advanced stage diagnosis for many cancers, indicating that beyond the effects of health insurance, other barriers likely exist for Black patients related to early diagnosis and prompt medical care.

"The findings of this major study are critical, not only for the 47 million Americans who have no health insurance, but also for our nation," said John R. Seffrin, Ph.D., chief executive officer for the American Cancer Society. "The fact is, too many cancer patients are being diagnosed too late, when treatment is harder, more expensive, and has less chance of saving lives. We must begin to remove the barriers that stand in the way of early diagnosis and timely access to medical care if we are to give all cancer patients an equal chance in the fight."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
2. Laboratory at UI plays major role in diagnosing cancer
3. Draxis Health selected by Johnson and Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. for major contract manufacturing relationship
4. DaVita Acquires Majority Stake in HomeChoice Partners, Inc.
5. Major Pharma Clinical Case Studies From Amgen, AstraZeneca, GSK, Intermune, Cephalon Inc, Sunesis Pharmaceuticals and Dartmouth Medical School During Fall Clinical Focused Programs
6. Major grant advances UWs clinical and translational research enterprise
7. Major differences revealed in how local authorities in the UK support disabled people
8. Watson Wyatt Identifies Major Benefit Trends During Open Enrollment Season
9. Worldwide Probiotic Drink, Yakult(R), Launches in Its First Major U.S. Market
10. Ericom Provides Significant Cost-Savings for Major New York City Healthcare Organization
11. Eckert Seamans Announces Major Expansion in Philadelphia, West Chester and Harrisburg
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An influential resource amongst nurses and ... to shed lights on the variety of topics detailing why we appreciate nurses in ... why this career has gone from being in a major recession to one of ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Beleza Medspa ... body fat composition regulations. This is the first time that Coolsculpting is being ... at least every six months to ensure they meet the prescribed body-fat standard, measured ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... Despite last week’s media reports hinting at a June rate hike after ... 2017 for an interest rate increase, according to Rajeev Dhawan of the Economic Forecasting ... Open Market Committee (FOMC) dot charts are of interest to the press for their ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... property (IP) to its specialty academic programs. , Answering to the increasing demand ... certificate programs in health law, and environmental and land use law. ,  , ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are nearly 14.5 million people ... cancer survivors worldwide. On Sunday, June 5, 2016, communities around the world will gather ... Day®. , National Cancer Survivors Day® is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... NEW YORK , May 27, 2016 ... with biotechs, drug manufacturers, health insurance companies all falling ... very small healthcare companies. While not often talked about, ... The United States is by ... the world. Advanced Medical Isotope Corp. (OTC: ADMD), Nutranomics ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... May 26, 2016   Change Healthcare ... analytics, network solutions and technology-enabled services designed ... entered into a strategic channel partnership with ... software solutions and revenue cycle management services ... and rehabilitation clinics to optimize revenue, operational ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , Deutschland und GERMANTOWN, Maryland ... Zusammenarbeit mit Therawis bedient dringenden ... Brustkrebs   QIAGEN N.V. (NASDAQ: ... heute bekannt, eine Lizenz- und Entwicklungsvereinbarung mit Therawis ... für die Onkologie eingegangen zu sein. Ein erstes ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: