Navigation Links
Major New Report Establishes Effective Methods of Enhancing and Preserving Brain Power as We Age
Date:6/23/2009

WASHINGTON, June 23 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The following was released today by the Association for Psychological Science:

In 1900, only 4.1 percent of U.S. citizens were older than 65; in 2000 that number had jumped to 12.6 percent; and by the year 2030, 20 percent of our population could be in that category.

Cognitive decline was long seen as an inevitable consequence of aging, but recent years have seen a surge of interest in activities and products touted to forestall this outcome. What is the truth? Is decline inevitable, or is there a possibility of retaining our faculties if we exercise them? And which kinds of exercises and products are effective, and which are merely hype?

According to the most rigorous and comprehensive review of the scientific findings ever, there is clear evidence that cognitive-enrichment activities -- including intellectually stimulating pursuits, social engagement, and especially physical exercise -- may indeed preserve or enhance various aspects of cognitive functioning as we age. The authors of the report will discuss the findings at a press conference in Washington, DC on June 24.

In this report, the researchers point to recent studies confirming that engaging in intellectually stimulating pursuits have substantial benefits for older adults. One such study shows that every day activities, such as reading, can indeed help. Four thousand old people were recruited for a study and rated their frequency of participation in seven cognitive activities (e.g. reading magazines). The researchers conducted in-home interviews and tested the participants' cognitive function for nearly 6 years. Those who engaged in more frequent cognitive activity experienced a reduced rate of cognitive decline.

Your brain also stays in better shape if you work out. The authors of this report point to a recent study looking at 5,925 women over the age of 65. Researchers assessed their physical activity by asking the women how many city blocks they walked per day and how many flights of stairs they climbed daily. The women also responded to a questionnaire detailing their participation in 33 different physical activities. Looking at the cognitive function of these women 6 to 8 years later, the researchers found that the most active women had a 30 percent reduced risk of cognitive decline. Interestingly, walking distance was associated with cognition, but walking speed was not. It seems that even moderate levels of physical activity can serve to limit declines in cognition in older adults.

Social engagement and maintaining a positive attitude are also powerful tools in deterring the arrival of dementia. Individuals who are optimistic, agreeable, open to experience, conscientious, positively motivated and goal-directed are more likely to experience successful aging. Animal research supports these findings. These studies show that exposing animals to enriched or complex environments (usually including running wheels, a multitude of toys and objects to climb, and animal companions) yields several physiological benefits, including neuronal changes in the brain.

The science in this report also debunks the old saw: "Old dogs can't learn new tricks." While older adults generally learn new pursuits more slowly than younger people do, they nevertheless can improve their cognitive performance by keeping their minds and bodies in shape.

This report was authored by Christopher Hertzog, Georgia Institute of Technology; Arthur F. Kramer, University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign; Robert S. Wilson, Rush University Medical Center; and Ulman Lindenberger, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin

Arthur F. Kramer and Robert S. Wilson will discuss these and other findings at a press conference on June 24.

Event Details:

Where: National Press Club Washington, DC

When: June 24, 2009 9:30 am

Panelists: Arthur F. Kramer, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Robert S. Wilson, Rush University Medical Center

The event will be webcast live. Please register at http://www.visualwebcaster.com/APS-Healthy-Aging/ to join the webcast. You will have the opportunity to submit questions directly to the presenters during the event.

To register for the event email: Catherine Allen-West at cwest@psychologicalscience.org.

For a copy of the report "Enrichment Effects on Adult Cognitive Development: Can the Functional Capacity of Older Adults Be Preserved and Enhanced?" please contact Catherine Allen-West at cwest@psychologicalscience.org or 202-293-9300 x131.

Psychological Science in the Public Interest is a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. This monograph was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Aging. Additional copies of the report will be available at the press conference.

    Contact: Catherine Allen-West
    Association for Psychological Science
    cwest@psychologicalscience.org
    202-293-9300


'/>"/>
SOURCE Association for Psychological Science
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
2. Laboratory at UI plays major role in diagnosing cancer
3. Draxis Health selected by Johnson and Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. for major contract manufacturing relationship
4. DaVita Acquires Majority Stake in HomeChoice Partners, Inc.
5. Major Pharma Clinical Case Studies From Amgen, AstraZeneca, GSK, Intermune, Cephalon Inc, Sunesis Pharmaceuticals and Dartmouth Medical School During Fall Clinical Focused Programs
6. Major grant advances UWs clinical and translational research enterprise
7. Major differences revealed in how local authorities in the UK support disabled people
8. Watson Wyatt Identifies Major Benefit Trends During Open Enrollment Season
9. Worldwide Probiotic Drink, Yakult(R), Launches in Its First Major U.S. Market
10. Ericom Provides Significant Cost-Savings for Major New York City Healthcare Organization
11. Eckert Seamans Announces Major Expansion in Philadelphia, West Chester and Harrisburg
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, a ... health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an agreement, ... been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. ... recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal ... spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at ... for the 49th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) ... Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, ... ... OnSite Wellness, has been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in ... Best and Brightest in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of $3,296 in property taxes a year. In some states—like New York, New ... , By contrast, many overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/5/2017)... Ill. , Oct. 5, 2017  In ... Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released ... opioids – to be used as a first-line ... pain. Recognizing ... the AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO ... LLC , and named its founder as Diplomat,s chief ... Tennessee , will operate under Diplomat subsidiary ... offerings for health care partners to include IT outsourcing, ... "In an interoperable world, technology delivers comprehensive insight ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017 The Rebound mobile ... the struggle to reverse the tide of prescription drug addiction. ... regulating their medicine intake and stepping down their dosage in ... to launch in December 2017; the first 100,000 people to ... more at http://www.rebound-solution.com/ ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: