Navigation Links
Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
Date:8/20/2007

In one of the first studies to focus on the relationship between racial discrimination and health risk behaviors, researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health with colleagues from the Universities of Minnesota, Alabama (Birmingham), and California (San Francisco), and Harvard University found African Americans experiencing racial discrimination were more likely to report current tobacco use or recent alcohol consumption and lifetime use of marijuana and cocaine.

Although racial discrimination was far less common in Whites (38%) than in African Americans (89%), the researchers assessed whether parallel associations exist in Whites and found similar associations with smoking, alcohol, and lifetime use of marijuana and cocaine as they did in African Americans. Thus, substance use may be an unhealthy coping response to perceived unfair treatment for some individuals regardless of their race/ethnicity. However, it is worth noting that racial discrimination may be a different phenomenon for African Americans than it is for Whites, and thus, lead to very different consequences, said Luisa N. Borrell, DDS, PhD, of the Mailman School of Public Healths Department of Epidemiology and principal investigator of the study.

African Americans experiencing racial discrimination also reported having more education, higher income, and a stronger social network than those reporting no racial discrimination. In contrast to African Americans, Whites reporting racial discrimination reported less education and lower income than did those who reported none. Similar to African Americans, Whites reporting any discrimination were more likely to report less control of their life, more anger, less emotional support, and more negative interactions than did their counterparts reporting none.

We found that African Americans reporting discrimination in three or more domains in both years had higher levels of education and income than did those who reported experiencing less or no discrimination, said Dr. Borrell. Possibly, African Americans with a higher socioeconomic position report more discrimination because they are more exposed to situations in which they are discriminated, or they may be more aware of subtle forms of discrimination, noted Dr. Borrell.

According to the findings, in contrast, Whites with a low socioeconomic position may be more likely to be exposed to environments in which they are the minority and, therefore, be more likely to feel discriminated.

Among the strengths of the study are its population-based nature, the focus on young to middle-aged adults, the wide ranges of educational attainment and income, the information on illicit substance use, and socioeconomic position indicators. It is possible that use of a recreational drug helps to cope with life stress resulting from perceived unfair treatment because of ones race/ethnicity, observed Dr. Borrell. Our findings that current use of marijuana was not related to discrimination and that risk of being a former smoker was increased suggest that, by early middle age (average age, 40 years), people may have found other ways to cope. However, the finding of an excess of current smoking in this population, suggest that this addictive habit may be long lasting, even when alternative coping behaviors are adopted.

Source of the data was the CARDIA study, a prospective study of cardiovascular risk among young adults. 3,330 persons aged 1830 years examined at baseline (1985-1986) and re-examined again seven (1992-1993) and 15 years (2000-2001) later in the (CARDIA) Study were included in this study.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-5635
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Does Success in School Differ From the Real World Success ?
2. Preschoolers eat more when served in bigger helpings
3. Watching TV in the bedroom can lower children’s school performanc
4. Exposure to Pesticides in Schools Produces Illnesses Among Employees, Students
5. Adolescents Who Walk To School Are Fitter, More Active
6. Safe Neighborhood Means Less TV For Preschool Children
7. Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
8. Vitamin filled nutrition candy for School children
9. Fish Oil supplementation reduces physical aggression in school children’
10. AIDS awareness education for school children’
11. A Comparative Study On Dietary Habits In Middle School Students And Increase In Weight
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... Christie Medical ... in-kind gift of a VeinViewer® Vision vein finder for the nursing ... start an IV and draw blood, combining technology with traditional technique. , “VeinViewer ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... According to an article published February 4th ... significant portion of hernia repairs throughout the United States. Commenting on this article, Beverly ... that this trend has not only been expected, but it seems to be a ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The Lymphoma ... innovative lymphoma research and serving the lymphoma community through a comprehensive series of ... South Florida’s philanthropic community at its 10th anniversary Fashion Luncheon on Monday, February ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... As a former television executive, owner Tal Rabinowitz ... no time to decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn to a casual meditation class while ... on her life, implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice with her team. After her tenure ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... Service (WaaS), today announced the integration of Clarity Intelligence Platform (CIP) into Cielo®, ... to offer real-time business intelligence (BI) to their small and medium business (SMB) ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 12, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ARLZ ... Company will ring the Nasdaq Closing Bell at the ... at 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February ... Adrian Adams , will perform the honorary ... 4:00 p.m. ET.  A live webcast will be available ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , 12 februari 2016 AAIPharma ... toonaangevende leverancier van productie en ontwikkeling op ... kondigt vandaag een uitbreiding aan van steriele ... locatie in Charleston, SC ... tot meerdere recente investeringen. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150806/256637LOGO ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Ungarn, February 12, 2016 ... das sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf ... positive Ergebnisse seines klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das ... beschäftigt, ergab Verbesserungen ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und ... ltd , ein Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: