Navigation Links
Magnetic Brain Stimulation Might Help Some Stroke Patients

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke patients suffering from a condition that prevents them from sensing or reacting to anything happening to their left -- whether it's noticing food on a plate or recognizing a person sitting to that side -- may recover faster with magnetic stimulation to the nerve cells in their brain, Italian researchers report.

This inability to process and perceive stimuli on the left side of the body, called hemispatial neglect, is common after a stroke occurring on the right side of the brain, affecting up to 50 percent of patients. The researchers say that the current treatment of attention and concentration training through computer and pencil-and-paper tasks is not useful.

"This problem also affects motor function," explained lead researcher Dr. Giacomo Koch, from the Santa Lucia Foundation in Rome. "It is important to treat not only to speed up cognitive recovery, but also motor recovery."

Most patients recover spontaneously after about a year, he noted. The study was published in the Dec. 13 online edition of Neurology.

In the study, Koch's team randomly assigned 20 patients with hemispatial neglect either to a sham treatment or to 10 sessions of magnetic stimulation over two weeks. All 20 patients also received conventional treatment. Patients were given tests to measure their ability to process information on the neglected side of the body.

In the technique, called transcranial magnetic stimulation, a large electromagnetic coil is placed against the patient's scalp creating electrical currents that stimulate nerve cells.

The researchers found that patients who received the magnetic stimulation had a 16 percent improvement on the tests by the end of two weeks and a 23 percent improvement two weeks later. The test scores of patients who received the sham treatment did not improve.

The condition produces overstimulation in the left side of the brain, Koch said. Overactive brain circuits returned to normal in patients who received stimulation, but did not in those who got the sham treatment, the researchers found.

Dr. Randolph Marshall, chief of the stroke division at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City and co-author of an accompanying journal editorial, said that "scientific advances in our understanding of brain function are allowing us to develop effective ways of improving outcomes in patients who lose function as a consequence of stroke."

"As our population ages, the total number of strokes will rise over the next 10 to 20 years," he said. "Work like this is crucial to help improve outcomes of stroke victims."

The brain works to a large degree by balancing excitation between the two hemispheres, Marshall said.

"A good example is directing one's attention to one side or the other. With stroke in one side of the brain, the balance between the two cerebral hemispheres is thrown off, and the stroke victim cannot attend to one side of space," he explained.

"Magnetic stimulation, in combination with physical therapy, reduces the over-excitability in the side of the brain opposite to where the stroke occurred," Marshall added.

"What is important in this article is that the authors were able to demonstrate both the improvement in directed attention, and the underlying electrophysiology that allowed it to happen," he said.

Another expert, Dr. Larry Goldstein, director of the Duke Stroke Center, expressed some caution about the findings.

"This is an interesting preliminary study," he said. "Whether this results in a clinically meaningful improvement in ways that affect daily activities, and whether it is generalizable in other settings. requires further study," Goldstein said.

More information

For more about stroke, visit the U.S. National Stroke Association.

SOURCES: Giacomo Koch, M.D., Ph.D., Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome; Randolph S. Marshall, M.D., professor, neurology, and chief, stroke division, Columbia University Medical Center, New York City; Larry B. Goldstein, M.D., professor, medicine, and director, Duke Stroke Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C.; Dec. 13, 2011, Neurology, online

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance now an important first-line test
2. Magnetic attraction: NIST/CU microchip demonstrates concept of MRAM for biomolecules
3. Magnetic Field May Cause MRI-Induced Vertigo
4. Short latencies shown for cancer in young workers with exposures to electro-magnetic fields
5. Fetal Exposure to Magnetic Fields From Appliances, Power Lines May Up Kids Asthma Risk
6. Mobile phone derived electromagnetic fields can disturb learning
7. Nuclear magnetic resonance with no magnets
8. Functional boost for magnetic resonance imaging
9. Researchers develop magnetic molecular machines to deliver drugs to unhealthy cells
10. With magnetic nanoparticles, scientists remotely control neurons and animal behavior
11. Analyzing food and beverages with magnetic levitation
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Magnetic Brain Stimulation Might Help Some Stroke Patients
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Lakeview Health, ... country to celebrate their sobriety and show through pictures what a positive difference ... photos this Thanksgiving with the hashtag #FacesOfGratitude on their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 23rd 2015 Cozy Products, ... heating products business. Cozy Products explains what this means for business moving forward. , ... the Cozy Products business model: to sell personal heaters that reduce energy consumption, are ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Livonia, MI (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... at Presence Resurrection Medical Center (RMC) in Chicago, IL, UV Angel is evaluating the ... the medical and surgical intensive care units (totaling 30 beds) from May 2014 through ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... found that regular bras were incredibly uncomfortable," said an inventor from Bronx, N.Y. ... , She developed the patent-pending RECOVERY BRA for added comfort and support. The ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... Since its launch in 2012, the Regenestem brand ... therapies to patients with chronic degenerative medical conditions. Now, the U.S. Patent and ... , Organizations are required to hold a registered trademark in order to make ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  Thanks to a donor with a ... Medical Center,s Sister Diane Grassilli Center for Women,s Health ... San Francisco . ... forward with a gift of $617,320 that allowed the ... with Tomosynthesis and Whole Breast Ultrasound. Tomosynthesis, three-dimensional (3-D) ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Array BioPharma Inc. ... Chief Executive Officer, Ron Squarer , will ... in New York.  The public is welcome to ... the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual Healthcare ConferencePresenter:  ... December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time Webcast: ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - ESSA Pharma Inc. ("ESSA" ... announced today that the first patient has been enrolled ... a treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ("mCRPC"). ... --> the United States ... Phase 1/2 clinical trial, ESSA intends to demonstrate the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: