Navigation Links
MacArthur commits $11 million to further UCSF work in maternal safety
Date:10/19/2007

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has promised $10.75 million to extend a ground-breaking UCSF project to help combat maternal mortality in Nigeria and India two countries that comprise one-third of all maternal deaths worldwide.

MacArthur Foundation President Jonathan Fanton announced the grant today in London at the Women Deliver conference.

The funding will go to the nongovernmental organization Pathfinder International, which will use the grant to implement a spectrum of interventions developed and tested by UCSF researchers to treat women suffering from post-partum hemorrhaging. UCSF will continue to advise the group on the roll-out, including development of a plan for monitoring and evaluating the projects outcomes.

The centerpiece of the program is the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment, or NASG, a low-cost and reusable body suit made of lightweight neoprene that was originally designed for battlefield use. When the suit's five Velcro closures are tightened around the patient's body, the compression stops blood from flowing to the lower extremities and forces it back to the heart, lungs, and brain to counteract shock.

The suit has now been shown to effectively stem hemorrhaging after childbirth, according to Suellen Miller, CNM, PhD, who proposed the garments use as a maternal life-saver and pilot-tested the project in Egypt over the past four years with Egyptian colleagues Mohammed Mourad Yousiff, MD, from El Galaa Maternity Hospital, in Cairo; and Mohamed Fathalla, MD, from the Assiut Teaching Hospital, in Assiut.

It is tremendously gratifying to see this work being expanded by Pathfinder, said Miller, an associate professor in the UCSF Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Services and director of the Safe Motherhood Programs of the UCSF Womens Global Health Imperative.

Hundreds of thousands of new mothers die needlessly every year due to hemorrhaging, simply because they dont have access to a hospital, she said. This simple garment appears extremely promising in pilot studies and could potentially have a huge impact on the lives of both the women and their families.

In the pilot study, 158 obstetrical hemorrhage patients underwent standard hemorrhage treatment and 206 patients with obstetrical hemorrhaging underwent standard treatment plus the anti-shock garment.

Study results showed a 50 percent decrease in blood loss among women treated with the garment, which is statistically significant, Miller said. Pilot results, which were published in the April 2006 issue of the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, showed a 69 percent decrease in death and severe illness.

In our research, women who appeared clinically dead, with no blood pressure and no palpable pulse, were resuscitated and kept alive for up to two days until they could be transported to a hospital, said Miller.

The World Health Organization estimates that 529,000 women died in pregnancy or childbirth in the year 2000. More than 99 percent of these deaths occurred in developing countries, where Miller said the majority of women give birth at home, with poorly trained or untrained attendants. Of the risks, postpartum hemorrhage is the most common cause of maternal mortality, accounting for approximately 25-30 percent of all maternal deaths.

Pathfinder will use the MacArthur grant to introduce a package of low-tech interventions at several hundred health facilities in seven Indian states and eight states in Nigeria. Those interventions, called the Continuum of Care for PPH (post partum hemorrhage), were developed by Miller and Stacie Geller, PhD, an associate professor at the University of Illinois College of Medicine.

The package of interventions includes the anti-shock garment, a uterus-contracting drug to prevent bleeding, a calibrated blood collection drape to diagnose postpartum hemorrhage, and a community-developed communication and transportation plan to get patients to a health facility for assessment and emergency obstetrical treatment.

It is important to address postpartum hemorrhage wherever there is the potential for it to occur, from the community up through the health system, said Dan Pellegrom, president of Pathfinder International. Prevention and management starts in homes and communities, so it is important to cultivate informed and engaged communities that are aware of the danger signs of hemorrhaging and can transport women to skilled service providers.

The current funding builds upon nearly $2 million in previous MacArthur grants to UCSF for preliminary pilot studies of the anti-shock garment in Egypt, Mexico and Nigeria. Fanton, from MacArthur, said the introduction of the garment on a large-scale could help save hundreds of thousands of lives and help strengthen national health care systems.

No other major cause of maternal death can be prevented as easily as postpartum hemorrhage, Fanton said. Our hope is that the anti-shock garment will eventually become part of a standard package of care for postpartum hemorrhage in developing countries.

Miller and her team will continue a rigorous NIH funded randomized cluster trial of the garment in Zambia and Zimbabwe.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristen Bole
kbole@pubaff.ucsf.edu
415-476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Roche Commits More Antiviral Pills To Asia For Bird Flu
2. College Student Commits Suicide After Failing In HSC Exams
3. Ostracized AIDS Patient Commits Suicide in Bihar
4. Kidney Patient Commits Suicide over Treatment Costs
5. Delhi journalism student commits suicide
6. Senior Doctor of Apollo Hospital Commits Suicide
7. Ostracized HIV Victim of Bihar Commits Suicide
8. Woman Army Officer Commits Suicide in Jammu and Kashmir
9. Drug May Make Breathing Easier for Millions
10. Hundred million dollar gift for malaria institute
11. George Bush pledges 200 million dollars for AIDS relief
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/6/2019)... ... December 06, 2019 , ... Allegheny Health Network (AHN) has named Kymberly ... AHN from WVU Medicine in May 2018, previously served as AHN’s Vice Chair of ... chair since October and is also part of the pathology faculty at Drexel University ...
(Date:12/6/2019)... ... ... Dr. Scott Howell, a 2019 graduate of Trident University International’s (Trident) ... coconut oil in the 7 November 2019 edition of Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases ... Literature Review,” led by Dr. Hector O. Santos, examines the effect of coconut oil ...
(Date:12/5/2019)... ... December 05, 2019 , ... ... from launching exceptional products that help people embrace, achieve, and maintain a healthy ... never been more committed to our mission of impacting world health, so it’s ...
(Date:12/4/2019)... ... December 04, 2019 , ... Healthcare ... Awards™, the only national awards dedicated to recognizing excellence in the areas of ... were presented in nine different categories during the GlobeSt Healthcare Conference today in ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... 02, 2019 , ... TrialScope, the global leader in clinical ... American branch of the healthcare business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, to launch ... inform patients, caregivers, the public, patient advocacy groups and healthcare professionals (HCPs) about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/4/2019)... ST. LOUIS (PRWEB) , ... ... ... healthcare industry leader in delivering solutions designed for improved financial, operational and ... Officer, has earned the Fellow designation from the American College of Healthcare ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... 2019 , ... A Better Life Recovery, a leading addiction ... facility, announced it has named Tim Ryan and Jennifer Gimenez as the facility's ... , "We are proud to announce that Jennifer and Tim have joined our ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... December 02, 2019 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest ... at supporting Women’s Fertility and healthy natural ovulation. , Millions of couples long ... than for others. Factors like weight, medical conditions, age, and even stress can ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: