Navigation Links
MU study finds quitting smoking enhances personality change
Date:9/12/2011

COLUMBIA, Mo. University of Missouri researchers have found evidence that shows those who quit smoking show improvements in their overall personality.

"The data indicate that for some young adults smoking is impulsive," said Andrew Littlefield, a doctoral student in the Department of Psychology in the College of Arts and Science. "That means that 18-year-olds are acting without a lot of forethought and favor immediate rewards over long term negative consequences. They might say, 'I know smoking is bad for me, but I'm going to do it anyway.' However, we find individuals who show the most decreases in impulsivity also are more likely quit smoking. If we can target anti-smoking efforts at that impulsivity, it may help the young people stop smoking."

In the study, MU researchers compared people, aged 18-35, who smoked with those who had quit smoking. They found that individuals who smoked were higher in two distinct personality traits during young adulthood:

  • impulsivity acting without thinking about the consequences
  • neuroticism being emotionally negative and anxious, most of the time

Littlefield found that those with higher levels of impulsivity and neuroticism were more likely to engage in detrimental behaviors, such as smoking. However, Littlefield also found that those who quit smoking had the biggest declines in impulsivity and neuroticism from ages 18 to 25.

"Smokers at age 18 had higher impulsivity rates than non-smokers at age 18, and those who quit tended to display the steepest declines in impulsivity between ages 18 and 25," Littlefield said. "However, as a person ages and continues to smoke, smoking becomes part of a regular behavior pattern and less impulsive. The motives for smoking later in life habit, craving, loss of control and tolerance are key elements of smoking dependence and appear to be more independent of personality traits."

Despite the evidence from this study, substance use is still a complex relationship of genetic and environmental factors, Littlefield said.

The study, "Smoking Desistance and Personality Change in Emerging and Young Adulthood," has been accepted by the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research. The study was co-authored by Kenneth J. Sher, a professor in the MU Department of Psychology.

Littlefield says the tobacco use study will contribute to ongoing research on the relationship between personality and substance abuse. He recently received a $30,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to study genetic influences on personality and alcohol drinking motives.


'/>"/>

Contact: Steven Adams
AdamsST@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Linking Pharmacies With Doctors Offices Can Improve Med Adherence: Study
2. Narcissists Make Horrible Bosses: Study
3. Over Half of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hospitals Are Preventable: Study
4. Wayne State University researcher to study spinal muscular atrophy
5. Study finds hospitals of last resort deliver lower quality of lung cancer care
6. Risk for COPD Higher Than Thought: Study
7. Black Children May Be More Prone to Peanut Allergy, Study Finds
8. Big Health Plans Can Negotiate Lower Hospital Costs: Study
9. Rising health costs eroding Americans income gains, study finds
10. Consolidation of health plans may help lower hospital costs, study finds
11. Flaxseed no help for hot flashes during breast cancer or menopause, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
MU study finds quitting smoking enhances personality change
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Attorney Robert “RC” Pate , founder of The Law ... Triumph Over Kid Cancer foundation. Each year, 175,000 children are diagnosed with pediatric cancers. ... the effect of the critical funding gap for research into pediatric cancer research. From ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The CHP suggests that California drivers can avoid hydroplaning as ... and increasing the space between themselves and other vehicles, according to a January 3 ... R. Hassanlou notes that, rain or shine, drivers should always incorporate safe driving practices ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... The 21st Century Cures Act’s Impact ... Webinar**, Jan. 26, 2016 — 1:30 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. ET, http://www.fdanews.com/21stcenturycures          ... Act in order to thrive this year? , The passage of the act means ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Infinity® Massage Chairs announced today ... implement new sales and marketing strategies. Grover comes with a total of 15 years ... a half years as Executive Vice President of Direct Sales at Traeger® Wood Pellet ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Fillers are known for ... people know that popular cosmetic fillers can enhance earlobes and rejuvenate ... director of the MilfordMD Cosmetic Dermatology Surgery & Laser Center, in Milford, Penn. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... Jan. 18, 2017  Kratom leaves, from a ... are often used to prepare tea-like beverages and ... million Americans annually to increase alertness, enhance well-being ... for minor aches and pains. PinneyAssociates, review of ... to assist FDA and DEA in determining the ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017  Dermata Therapeutics, LLC, ... to treat a variety of dermatological diseases, announces ... DMT210, in a Phase 2 acne rosacea study. ... downregulate the proinflammatory cytokines in the skin responsible ... rosacea. This clinical trial, DMT210-003, ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Suiza, 18 de enero de 2017  Hoy, ... lanzaron Access Accelerated, una iniciativa global para avanzar el ... y atención en países de renta baja y baja-media ... alcanzado un punto de crisis, particularmente en países de ... 80 por ciento de las muertes relacionadas con NCD. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: