Navigation Links
MU professor recommends changing drivers' perceptions of law enforcement to deter drunk driving
Date:12/22/2008

COLUMBIA, Mo. Recent data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) revealed that an estimated 2 million drunk drivers with three or more convictions will be on the roads this holiday season. In 2007, approximately 1,500 people nationwide were killed in crashes that involved a drunk driver from Thanksgiving through New Year's Day. Researchers from the University of Missouri and the University of Georgia found that the most important deterrence factors for high-risk drivers are their perceptions of the likelihood of being stopped or arrested and their support for deterrence laws.

All U.S. states have laws designed to deter impaired driving, but there is little evidence on what works to deter drivers who have a high risk of drinking and driving. The researchers found that the existence of laws, such as the .08 blood alcohol content and open container restrictions, affect only those less likely to drink and drive, and the actual number of impaired driving arrests in a state has no significant effect on drivers' likelihood of drinking and driving.

"Essentially, law enforcement needs to focus on perceptions; it is important that drivers perceive that they will be caught if they drive impaired," said Lilliard Richardson, professor in the MU Truman School of Public Affairs. "We found that high-risk drivers are less likely to drink and drive if they perceive they are likely to be stopped or arrested by police. However, the mere existence of laws designed to discourage people from drinking and driving does not impact high-risk drivers. The results provide support for the value of high-visibility enforcement campaigns. Public safety education and media efforts are important components of the overall strategy for reducing impaired driving."

Previous studies have found conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of strategies that deter drinking and driving behavior. Richardson and Anthony Bertelli, associate professor of public administration and policy at the University of Georgia, assessed drinking and driving laws to determine if their enforcement influenced individuals' likelihood of drinking and driving and if the impact was direct or through perception. The researchers measured the propensity to drink and drive of 6,000 respondents interviewed as part of NHTSA's 2001 National Survey of Drinking and Driving Attitudes and Behavior. The measurements were used to assess the impact of perceptions of enforcement, actual enforcement levels and deterrence laws.

In the study, the majority of participants were less likely to drink and drive if they perceived a probability of being stopped or arrested by law enforcement. Individuals of different risk levels who agreed with the goals of deterrence laws, including sobriety checkpoints and open container laws, also were less likely to drive intoxicated.

"No single effort to reduce drinking and driving will be the most effective with all citizens, but state efforts designed to change enforcement perceptions and gain support of policy goals are most likely to influence a broad array of drivers," Richardson said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emily Smith
SmithEA@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Expert on Emerging Infectious Zoonotic Diseases Joining K-State as a Regents Distinguished Professor
2. University of Iowa professor identifies new eating disorder
3. University of Nevada School of Medicine Professor Confirms Accuracy Through Validation Study Using the CSI Health Station Model 6K
4. George Mason University professor receives $2.6 million NIH grant to study Alzheimers disease
5. N.J. nurses are overworked according to Rutgers College of Nursing professor
6. Rutgers College of Nursing emerita professor Beverly Whipple receives FSSS book award
7. Boston University School of Medicine Professor receives award from American Heart Association
8. Louisiana Tech professor is Small Times Innovator of the Year
9. Protalix BioTherapeutics Appoints Professor Roger D. Kornberg to Board of Directors
10. Whale music captivates NJIT Professor David Rothenberg for new book, CD
11. Danny Calegari Appointed the Richard Merkin Distinguished Professor of Mathematics at the California Institute of Technology
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... American ... conference coverage on veterinary medicine, announces the launch of Veterinarian’s Money Digest™, a ... with the April edition of American Veterinarian™. , “We look forward ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... management program at Women’s Excellence will help patients lose weight and keep it ... The specialists at Women's Excellence will measure BMI, body fat composition, and ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... EpiGentek ... to pursue the recent RNA methylation “gold rush” with their established portfolio of ... newfound characteristics of N6-methyladenosine, or m6A , RNA methylation has received a ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... March 27, 2017 , ... The ... supply chain professionals, will hold their first Northeast Regional AHVAP Meeting. For 2017, ... , “Increasingly, supply chain and value analysis professionals have a ‘seat at the ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 27, 2017 , ... According to ... prostate cancer, including all stages, is more than 95%. Once the cancer spreads to ... less than 30%. To find out how to avoid this latter group, tune in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... , March 27, 2017  iCAD (Nasdaq: ICAD), ... solutions and radiation therapy for the early identification ... Tomo Detection received Premarket Approval (PMA) from the ... Detection is a first-of-its-kind, concurrent-read computer aided detection ... the latest innovation available on the PowerLook® Breast ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017  Impax Laboratories, Inc. (NASDAQ: IPXL)today announced ... M. Bisaro as Impax,s President and Chief Executive ... March 27, 2017. Mr. Bisaro will succeed J. ... and Chief Executive Officer since December of 2016. ... pharmaceutical experience, Mr. Bisaro, 56, is an accomplished global ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... March 27, 2017   Genprex, Inc. , a privately held, ... Pham , MD, the Company,s Chief Operating Officer, is scheduled to ... Sachs 5th Annual Cancer BioPartnering & Investment Forum: Tuesday, ... York, NY ... BioCentury 24th Annual Future Leaders in Biotech Industry – ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: