Navigation Links
MRI shows brain atrophy pattern that predicts Alzheimer's
Date:2/10/2009

OAK BROOK, Ill. Using special MRI methods, researchers have identified a pattern of regional brain atrophy in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) that indicates a greater likelihood of progression to Alzheimer's disease. The findings are published in the online edition of Radiology.

"Previously, this pattern has been observed only after a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease," said the study's lead author, Linda K. McEvoy, Ph.D., assistant project scientist in the Department of Radiology at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine in La Jolla. "Our results show that some individuals with MCI have the atrophy pattern characteristic of mild Alzheimer's disease, and these people are at higher risk of experiencing a faster rate of brain degeneration and a faster decline to dementia than individuals with MCI who do not show that atrophy pattern."

According to the Alzheimer's Association, more than five million Americans currently have Alzheimer's disease. One of the goals of modern neuroimaging is to help in early and accurate diagnosis, which can be challenging. There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, but when it is diagnosed early, drug treatment may help improve or stabilize patient symptoms.

In Alzheimer's disease, nerve cell death and tissue loss cause areas of the brain to atrophy. Structural MRI allows radiologists to visualize subtle anatomic changes in the brain that signal atrophy. MCI is associated with an increased risk of progression to Alzheimer's disease. Rates of progression vary. Some patients progress rapidly, while others remain stable for relatively long periods of time.

For the study, Dr. McEvoy and colleagues set out to determine if they could identify a pattern of regional atrophy characteristic of mild Alzheimer's disease in order to aid in the prediction of cognitive decline in patients with MCI.

In the study, the researchers analyzed brain MR images from 84 patients with mild Alzheimer's disease, 175 patients with MCI and 139 healthy controls, using with semi-automated, individually specific quantitative MRI methods. The results showed widespread cortical atrophy in some patients with MCI, involving all cortical areas except those involved with processing of primary motor and sensory information. However, most indicative of future cognitive decline were atrophy in parts of the medial and lateral temporal lobes and in the frontal lobes. This pattern was also present in the patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.

"Although these individuals are reporting problems mainly with memory, the atrophy involves more than just memory areas, extending into brain regions involved in planning, organization, problem solving and language," Dr. McEvoy said.

Follow-up data were available for 160 patients with MCI. The patients exhibiting atrophy in the brain regions described above showed significant one-year clinical decline and structural brain loss and were more likely to progress to a probable diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. MCI patients without that pattern of atrophy remained stable after a year.

Dr. McEvoy hopes that these findings will have an impact on the design of clinical trials to test medications that may slow or halt the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

"Currently there are no treatments that will prevent or cure Alzheimer's disease, but information about risk of rapid decline may help patients with MCI and their families plan for the future," Dr. McEvoy said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-HIV gel shows promise in large-scale study in women
2. Penn study shows how electronic medical records can be used to test drug efficacy
3. New Clinical Study Presented at the Society for Critical Care Medicine Shows Value of Pulse CO-Oximetry(TM) to Identify Acquired Methemoglobinemia
4. Study shows that primary care doctors miss opportunities to recommend colon cancer screening
5. New Undercover Video Shows Tucson Planned Parenthood Hiding Rape of 15-Year-Old Girl
6. Cementless cup device developed for hip replacements shows durability after more than 20 years
7. Ocean Spray Shows Its Love for Heart Health with American Heart Association Partnership
8. Perceptions and experiences of homeless youth vary by race, UCSF study shows
9. More Pennsylvanians Are Without Insurance and Health Care, Insurance Department Survey Shows
10. Weight loss reduces incontinence in obese women, UCSF study shows
11. Weight Loss Reduces Incontinence In Obese Women, UCSF Study Shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Stuart Bentkover, MD, FACS is ... to provide the most effective tattoo removal today, Dr. Bentkover is the only doctor ... by Cynosure, the PicoSure has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... ... Colorize is a web theme package created exclusively for Final ... dynamic moving camera. Colorize is perfect for personal and web related videos and its ... to 5 focus points per scene, stage floor scene presets that are great for ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Health and wellness is a topic that should concern all ... are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a severe form of a headache and often ... not wish the pain on their worst enemy, the feeling can last for many ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Ramsey, NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 ... ... Optimizing Primary Care for Patients with Rare Diseases, a continuing medical education (CME) ... conference is the first of its kind—and a first for ACCORD, whose mission ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... KICVentures ( http://www.kicventures.com ... Development event in New York City on Thursday, January 21, 2016. Kingsley ... Mediacom, (both alumnus of the varsity Columbia soccer program) spoke at the event, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016 Dehaier Medical Systems ... the "Company"), which develops, markets and sells medical ... China and international markets, today ... aims to concentrate the Company,s resources to develop ... business and to focus more on its major ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Site Profile: --> Site ... People, announced their latest primary healthcare case study where speech recognition ... and to save the practice money. Site Profile: ... Challenge: --> ,- Wirral CCG ,- VoicePower client since ... Wirral CCG ,- VoicePower client since 2013 Challenge: ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016  Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: EW ), ... disease and critical care monitoring, announced today that it ... with Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC to repurchase $325 ... of the Company,s previously authorized program to repurchase up ... --> --> Under ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: