Navigation Links
Lung tumors in never-smokers show greater genomic instability than those in smokers
Date:7/5/2011

Lung adenocarcinomas in people who have never smoked show greater genome instability than those in smokers, supporting the theory that lung cancer in never smokers arises through different pathways, according to research presented at the 14th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Amsterdam, hosted by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC).

"We identified several genomic regions that were differentially altered in the lung tumor genomes of smokers and never smokers," said principal investigator Kelsie Thu, a researcher at the BC Cancer Agency Research Centre in Vancouver, Canada. "We also found that a greater fraction of lung tumor DNA harbored genetic alterations in never smokers compared to smokers. The discovery that there are different patterns of genetic alterations in smokers and never smokers suggests that lung cancers in these cohorts are likely distinct diseases driven by different molecular mechanisms, and thus, may require different treatments."

Up to 25% of lung cancer cases worldwide occur in people who have never smoked, and never smokers with lung cancer typically exhibit traits different from those of smokers. They are more often women, Asian, have a higher incidence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, better responses to EGFR-targeting drugs and are more commonly diagnosed with adenocarcinoma.

"There are a few known differences between lung cancers in smokers and never smokers. However, the differences discovered thus far are clinical features or genetic alterations at only a few specific genes," Thu said. "For our study, we wanted to use an unbiased, whole-genome approach that would allow us to investigate all of the genes in the genome simultaneously. This enables us to identify genome-wide patterns of genetic alterations in lung tumors from smokers and never smokers. Our study was a comparative study, meaning that we compared the lung tumor genomes from smokers to those from never smokers to identify genetic (DNA level) alterations specific to one group or the other. The genetic alterations specific to the never smoker group may have important roles in driving the development of lung cancer in never smokers."

In the study, researchers extracted DNA from lung adenocarcinomas and matched non-malignant tissues for 30 never smokers, 14 former smokers and 39 current smokers. The DNA was assessed for EGFR and KRAS mutations. Copy number profiles were generated for each tumor using matched non-malignant lung tissue as a baseline for the identification of somatic copy number alterations. Two independent, publicly available datasets composed of lung adenocarcinomas from never smokers and smokers were used as validation datasets.

On average, never smokers' lung tumors showed higher frequencies of copy number alterations and greater proportions of altered genomes compared with those of smokers. This difference was more pronounced when former smokers were excluded and never smokers were compared with current smokers only.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rene McGaw
renee.mcgaw@ucdenver.edu
31-205-493-413
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
2. Fluorescent probes light up cancerous tumors
3. Drug for advanced kidney cancer shrinks tumors prior to surgery
4. How estrogen feeds breast tumors
5. Philadelphia Phillies Host Tug McGraw Foundation to Raise Awareness for Brain Tumors
6. Nuclear physics promises earlier detection of brain tumors with just 1 scan
7. Freezing breast tumors helps stop cancer’s spread in mice, U-M study finds
8. High weight associated with risk of colorectal tumors without microsatellite instability
9. MRI finds tumors in second breast of women diagnosed with cancer in one breast, Mayo researchers say
10. Scientists Find Key to Hormone-Resistant Prostate Tumors
11. Tumors may respond to extreme and moderate heat
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids Fun Run brought out many kids this ... by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, is aimed at getting kids excited about ... ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, which is all about having fun and ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... VA (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... of DevOps and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the ... Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... WILMINGTON, Del. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... technology and advisory services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range ... and National Association for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The company has developed a ... and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every formula has been ... standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegan, Soy Free, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... in post-acute health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through ... AccentCare has been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/13/2017)... , Sept. 13, 2017   OrthoAtlanta has been ... Atlanta Football Host Committee (AFHC) for the 2018 College Football ... 8, 2018, at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia ... the AFHC "I,m In" campaign, participating in many activities leading ... ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... , Sept. 12, 2017  Consumer reviews on the independent review ... as the number one company for hearing aids, ranking it higher ... other brands. ... Named #1 by Consumers For Hearing Aids ... Embrace Hearing is an online store that provides high performance, state-of-the-art, ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... 8, 2017 ... Unit coming to Washington DC ... When: Tuesday, September 12 th – Monday, September 18 th .The ... free MRI brain scans to the public.Where:  BTF,s ... at 501 K Street NW, Washington, D.C.What:BTF brings its nationwide initiative, the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: