Navigation Links
Lower-income neighborhoods associated with higher obesity rates
Date:2/7/2008

New York, N.Y. February 7, 2008 Obesity prevalence has increased significantly among adults and children in the U.S. over the last two decades. A new study appearing in the journal Nutrition Reviews reveals that characteristics of neighborhoods, including the areas income level, the built environment, and access to healthy food, contribute to the continuing obesity epidemic.

Researchers led by Jennifer L. Black of New York Universitys Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health critically reviewed ninety studies published between 1997 through 2007 on neighborhood determinants of obesity through the PubMed and PsychInfo databases.

They found that neighborhoods with decreased economic and social resources have higher rates of obesity. They also found that residents in low-income urban areas are more likely to report greater neighborhood barriers to physical activity, such as limited opportunities for daily walking or physical activity and reduced access to stores that sell healthy foods, especially large supermarkets.

In order to organize the different approaches to assessing neighborhood-level determinants of obesity, the authors present a conceptual framework. The framework is intended to guide future inquiry by describing pathways through which neighborhoods might influence body weight.

Consisting of three inter-related layers, the framework includes the influence of social factors, access to quality food and exercise, and individual factors including behavioral intentions. Each level has indirect and direct influences on behavioral choices and may ultimately impact weight.

The authors conclude, While individual-level characteristics such as income, cultural preferences, and genetic predisposition contribute to geographic disparities in weight, neighborhood-level services and structures that affect physical activity behaviors and dietary choices are emerging as important and potentially modifiable loci for public health intervention.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
professionalnews@bos.blackwellpublishing.net
201-748-8844
Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Drinking Often Spurs Move to Poorer Neighborhoods
2. Dysfunctional families and bad neighborhoods may worsen asthma in children and adolescents
3. Kids in Poor Neighborhoods Fall Behind in School
4. Breast cancer diagnosis comes late for women in gentrifying neighborhoods
5. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
6. Fluctuating eye pressure associated with visual field deterioration in glaucoma patients
7. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
8. Increased distance to physician associated with thicker skin cancer at diagnosis
9. Minorities more likely to have sleep durations associated with increased mortality
10. Income inequality associated with overnourishment and undernourishment in India
11. Maternal depression and controlling behavior associated with increased stress response in infants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Contrary to popular perception, ... is declining—and at noteworthy rates. Between 2002 and 2014, Salas-Wright and his colleagues ... violence in the United States. The study, Trends in Fighting and Violence ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (PRWEB) , ... April ... ... leading provider of wilderness therapy treatment for adolescents and young adults, has kicked ... Thursday, April 20th-Sunday, April 23rd. This year’s theme is “Attachment Informed Therapy ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Young Asset Protection, an insurance provider and ... greater Pittsburgh metropolitan region, is joining forces with the local chapter of the ... , Variety the Children’s Charity is a national organization dedicated to empowering, enabling, ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... The adage ... Flex House, the next project in the company’s esteemed VISION House demonstration project series. ... use exactly the amount of resources they need to live affordably and abundantly without ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The ... of Record (AOR) for Theravent, Inc. , the makers of a revolutionary ... Foundation Consumer Healthcare, is now working to expand distribution in anticipation of a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... Eyevensys, a private biotechnology company developing its ... that enables the safe, local, sustained production of therapeutic ... of ophthalmic diseases, announces it has received approval from ... to advance its technology into clinical development. ... The EyeCET platform uses ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The Mobile X-Ray product segment is the most ... the forecast period Mobile X-Ray segment is the ... X-Ray devices market, which is estimated to be valued at ... CAGR of 7% over the forecast period. Mobile X-Ray segment ... US$ 100 Mn in 2017 over 2016. The segment,s revenue ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017 The Global Effective Microorganisms ... 2022 report has covered and analysed the potential of Global ... market size, shares and growth factors. The report identifies and ... opportunities in the global market. ... Browse 152 Tables and Figures, 6 Major Company Profiles, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: