Navigation Links
Lower-income neighborhoods associated with higher obesity rates
Date:2/7/2008

New York, N.Y. February 7, 2008 Obesity prevalence has increased significantly among adults and children in the U.S. over the last two decades. A new study appearing in the journal Nutrition Reviews reveals that characteristics of neighborhoods, including the areas income level, the built environment, and access to healthy food, contribute to the continuing obesity epidemic.

Researchers led by Jennifer L. Black of New York Universitys Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health critically reviewed ninety studies published between 1997 through 2007 on neighborhood determinants of obesity through the PubMed and PsychInfo databases.

They found that neighborhoods with decreased economic and social resources have higher rates of obesity. They also found that residents in low-income urban areas are more likely to report greater neighborhood barriers to physical activity, such as limited opportunities for daily walking or physical activity and reduced access to stores that sell healthy foods, especially large supermarkets.

In order to organize the different approaches to assessing neighborhood-level determinants of obesity, the authors present a conceptual framework. The framework is intended to guide future inquiry by describing pathways through which neighborhoods might influence body weight.

Consisting of three inter-related layers, the framework includes the influence of social factors, access to quality food and exercise, and individual factors including behavioral intentions. Each level has indirect and direct influences on behavioral choices and may ultimately impact weight.

The authors conclude, While individual-level characteristics such as income, cultural preferences, and genetic predisposition contribute to geographic disparities in weight, neighborhood-level services and structures that affect physical activity behaviors and dietary choices are emerging as important and potentially modifiable loci for public health intervention.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
professionalnews@bos.blackwellpublishing.net
201-748-8844
Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Drinking Often Spurs Move to Poorer Neighborhoods
2. Dysfunctional families and bad neighborhoods may worsen asthma in children and adolescents
3. Kids in Poor Neighborhoods Fall Behind in School
4. Breast cancer diagnosis comes late for women in gentrifying neighborhoods
5. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
6. Fluctuating eye pressure associated with visual field deterioration in glaucoma patients
7. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
8. Increased distance to physician associated with thicker skin cancer at diagnosis
9. Minorities more likely to have sleep durations associated with increased mortality
10. Income inequality associated with overnourishment and undernourishment in India
11. Maternal depression and controlling behavior associated with increased stress response in infants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Today, the Whole-Food Warrior TV show, ... much-anticipated feature with author Jahnavi Foster, specialist in healthy vegetarian cuisine, will stream on ... week, on his weekly Whole-Food Warrior TV show, Frank Davis highlights Whole-Food Warriors - ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... New York, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... your life? The answer may be at the tips of your toes. Foot massage, ... benefits as well as pure comfort and relaxation. The American Board of Multiple ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... In the fourth quarter of ... at the La Valencia Hotel in San Diego, California to discuss changes in ... year’s most outstanding franchise, walking away with the coveted David Wright Award of ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Pivot Point Consulting, a leading national Healthcare ... Services for HIT Implementation Support & Staffing report with an outstanding score of ... healthcare executives, managers and clinicians representing over 4,500 hospitals and 2,500 clinics. , ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... , ... Colorize is a web theme package created exclusively for ... Colorize's dynamic moving camera. Colorize is perfect for personal and web related videos and ... 1 to 5 focus points per scene, stage floor scene presets that are great ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... Feb. 4, 2016  SciClone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... has entered into a settlement agreement with the ... resolving the SEC,s investigation into possible violations of ... terms of the settlement agreement, SciClone has agreed ... disgorgement, pre-judgment interest and a penalty.  This payment ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- Frontier Pharma: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) ... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a ... airways and lungs. Persistent breathing difficulties and repeated ... of the leading causes of morbidity and the ... is linked to cumulative exposure to risk factors, ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ALBANY, N.Y. , Feb. 4, 2016  AMRI (NASDAQ: ... Vice President of Pfizer Inc. and President of Pfizer Global ... effective as of February 4, 2016. In addition, the Company ... member of the audit committee since 2010, has retired from ... time and attention to his other business ventures.  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: