Navigation Links
Lower-income neighborhoods associated with higher obesity rates
Date:2/7/2008

New York, N.Y. February 7, 2008 Obesity prevalence has increased significantly among adults and children in the U.S. over the last two decades. A new study appearing in the journal Nutrition Reviews reveals that characteristics of neighborhoods, including the areas income level, the built environment, and access to healthy food, contribute to the continuing obesity epidemic.

Researchers led by Jennifer L. Black of New York Universitys Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health critically reviewed ninety studies published between 1997 through 2007 on neighborhood determinants of obesity through the PubMed and PsychInfo databases.

They found that neighborhoods with decreased economic and social resources have higher rates of obesity. They also found that residents in low-income urban areas are more likely to report greater neighborhood barriers to physical activity, such as limited opportunities for daily walking or physical activity and reduced access to stores that sell healthy foods, especially large supermarkets.

In order to organize the different approaches to assessing neighborhood-level determinants of obesity, the authors present a conceptual framework. The framework is intended to guide future inquiry by describing pathways through which neighborhoods might influence body weight.

Consisting of three inter-related layers, the framework includes the influence of social factors, access to quality food and exercise, and individual factors including behavioral intentions. Each level has indirect and direct influences on behavioral choices and may ultimately impact weight.

The authors conclude, While individual-level characteristics such as income, cultural preferences, and genetic predisposition contribute to geographic disparities in weight, neighborhood-level services and structures that affect physical activity behaviors and dietary choices are emerging as important and potentially modifiable loci for public health intervention.


'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Molnar
professionalnews@bos.blackwellpublishing.net
201-748-8844
Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Drinking Often Spurs Move to Poorer Neighborhoods
2. Dysfunctional families and bad neighborhoods may worsen asthma in children and adolescents
3. Kids in Poor Neighborhoods Fall Behind in School
4. Breast cancer diagnosis comes late for women in gentrifying neighborhoods
5. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
6. Fluctuating eye pressure associated with visual field deterioration in glaucoma patients
7. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
8. Increased distance to physician associated with thicker skin cancer at diagnosis
9. Minorities more likely to have sleep durations associated with increased mortality
10. Income inequality associated with overnourishment and undernourishment in India
11. Maternal depression and controlling behavior associated with increased stress response in infants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the ... around the world, announces the launch of its newly redesigned website. The sleek ... research breakthroughs and trending news, vital information on upcoming virtual events and webinars, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Melville, New York (PRWEB) , ... January 19, ... ... state–of-the-art high definition dynamic telemedicine solutions, has recently unveiled impressive transportable capabilities with ... this newly designed product is an extension to RMT technology that delivers HD, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... capacity this year. Drs. Alexander Paziotopoulos, Andrew Petersen and Trish Henrie-Barrus will be ... of the clinic’s leading recovery program. , “We know it’s easy to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Dr. Andrew Lian-Jie ... fellowship trained Mohs and cosmetic surgeon. After extensive dermatology research training at the ... internship in internal medicine at the Emory University and dermatology training at the ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Bio-Optronics Inc. ... a modern CTMS workflow designed to seamlessly integrate and streamline the way researchers ... a single page, maximizing usability and improving efficiency significantly for users – a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Avillion LLP, a co-developer and ... Mark Weinberg , MD MBA as Chief Medical Officer. Dr Weinberg ... USA . ... Dr Weinberg has spent more than 17 years as a pharmaceutical ... to micro-cap biotech. Over the course of his career, he has ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... -- Report Details What can be expected ... to grow at the fastest rates? This visiongain report ... opportunities and prospects. Our 190-page report provides 124 ... in the industry and the future market prospects. Our ... all the major categories of the ophthalmic devices market. ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... -- Conference Call and Webcast to Follow Vanda Pharmaceuticals ... release results for the fourth quarter of 2016 on Wednesday, February ... ... 4:30 PM ET on Wednesday, February 15, 2017, during which management ... and other corporate activities. To participate in the conference call, please ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: