Navigation Links
Low-income pregnant women in rural areas experience high levels of stress, researcher says
Date:1/29/2013

COLUMBIA, Mo. Stress during pregnancy puts mothers' and their babies' health at risk, previous research has shown. Now, a University of Missouri study indicates low-income pregnant women in rural areas experience high levels of stress yet lack appropriate means to manage their emotional and physical well-being. Health providers should serve as facilitators and link rural women with resources.

"Many people think of rural life as being idyllic and peaceful, but, in truth, there are a lot of health disparities for residents of rural communities," said Tina Bloom, assistant professor of nursing and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar at MU's Sinclair School of Nursing. "Chronic, long-term stress is hard on pregnant women's health and on their babies' health. Stress is associated with increased risks for adverse health outcomes, such as low birth weights or pre-term deliveries, and those outcomes can kill babies."

During interviews with nearly 25 pregnant women from rural communities in Missouri, Bloom and her colleagues learned financial problems plagued the women. Financial stress was exacerbated by the women's lack of employment, reliable transportation and affordable housing. In addition, the women said small-town gossip, the isolation of their rural communities and the interdependence of their lives with their extended family members also increased their stress levels.

"To the women I talked with, getting jobs was their ultimate solution," Bloom said. "Self-reliance is a value in rural populations, and I think that's what these women were expressingthat their circumstances were difficult and stressful, but if they had the ability to support themselves financially, they would be able to lift their families out of poverty."

Mental illness also affected many of the women, with nearly two out of three showing symptoms of major depression and one in four experiencing moderate to severe Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Many of the women had significant violent experiences in their lifetimes, and one in five was in an abusive relationship at the time of the interviews.

"Prenatal visits are key opportunities for health providers to talk with expectant mothers about their stressors, especially since many rural areas have fewer or unsatisfactory resources such as mental health care and domestic violence shelters," Bloom said. "Clinicians making referrals to resources should consider doing warm hand-offs, which involves sitting with the patients and making calls together or introducing them in person to people who can help them. Health providers also should keep in mind that rural woman have increased concerns about confidentiality and gossip and don't want to feel judged."

Bloom said rural clinicians need to ask pregnant women about their stress levels and their exposures to violence. In addition, medical providers need to let women know about available resources.

"The rural Missouri women I met have incredible strength and resilience," Bloom said. "Many of these women were living in very difficult circumstances with minimal resources. Health providers should remember that these women have amazing strengths and acknowledge those strengths when they work with them."

Bloom cautions that these findings are from a small sample of women who primarily were low-income, unemployed young Caucasian women in partnered relationships and are not necessarily representative of the larger population.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Sesame Street Live's Super Grover Visits WHEDco in the South Bronx to Teach Low-Income Children What it Takes to be a Super Hero
2. In minutes a day, low-income families can improve their kids health
3. Obesity may be declining among preschool-aged children living in low-income families
4. Seeing fewer older people in the street may lead low-income adults to fast-track their lives
5. Expanding Medicaid to low-income adults leads to improved health, fewer deaths
6. Federally funded clinics for low-income patients as effective as private practices
7. Low-Income Mothers May Overfeed Their Infants
8. Social ties have mixed impact on encouraging healthy behaviors in low-income areas
9. Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women Among New Recommendations
10. New study examines post-Roe v. Wade arrests of and forced interventions on pregnant women
11. When Can You Get Pregnant? Many Women Don’t Know, But a Simple Family Planning Method Now Available from Cycle Technologies Can Help
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... ... Walk Away”: a captivating and romantic sequel to the romantic story of a ... creation of published author, Larry R. Sherman, a retired chemistry professor from the University ... well as four novels. , Though the book opens in 1947, when Edward ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... ... “Glimpses Of Light”: is a unique and thought inspiring guide toward self-discovery and ... author, J.M. Shepherd, a writer, teacher, traveler, and metaphysician, the author has spent most ... “Love is one of the least understood and yet most sought-after pleasures known to ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 22, 2017 , ... Although Labor ... of July, many communities have begun providing weekend displays, and numerous households celebrate the ... humans, they can be downright terrifying for pets. , Kris Zambo, owner of ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Los Angeles area medical group Beverly ... year 2017-2018, Christina M. Busuito, M.D. and Lukasz Swistun, M.D. This one year ... Reconstructive Surgery. The candidate will have the opportunity to work with leading ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Marathon running has surged in popularity in ... running increases exposure to ultraviolet radiation, a carcinogen that promotes skin cancer. Studies ... half may be adequately protecting themselves with proper clothing and sunscreen. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/4/2017)... Aug. 3, 2017  Agragen, LLC, a ... in the biopharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and aquacultural feed sectors, ... its lead drug candidates, AGR131.  This drug is ... from the blood of patients suffering from inflammatory ... bowel disease. ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... Aug. 2, 2017 CaryRx, a next-generation full-service pharmacy, ... service for patients in the Washington D.C. ... pharmacy by providing delivery of medications through the convenience of ... delivery or delivered within one hour to any location in ... to bring this invaluable service to Washington D.C. ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") (NYSE: HRC), ... ended June 30, 2017, and updated its financial outlook ... For the fiscal third quarter, Hill-Rom reported earnings ... diluted share in the prior-year period. These results reflect ... diluted share primarily related to the non-cash write-down of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: