Navigation Links
Low-income pregnant women in rural areas experience high levels of stress, researcher says
Date:1/29/2013

COLUMBIA, Mo. Stress during pregnancy puts mothers' and their babies' health at risk, previous research has shown. Now, a University of Missouri study indicates low-income pregnant women in rural areas experience high levels of stress yet lack appropriate means to manage their emotional and physical well-being. Health providers should serve as facilitators and link rural women with resources.

"Many people think of rural life as being idyllic and peaceful, but, in truth, there are a lot of health disparities for residents of rural communities," said Tina Bloom, assistant professor of nursing and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar at MU's Sinclair School of Nursing. "Chronic, long-term stress is hard on pregnant women's health and on their babies' health. Stress is associated with increased risks for adverse health outcomes, such as low birth weights or pre-term deliveries, and those outcomes can kill babies."

During interviews with nearly 25 pregnant women from rural communities in Missouri, Bloom and her colleagues learned financial problems plagued the women. Financial stress was exacerbated by the women's lack of employment, reliable transportation and affordable housing. In addition, the women said small-town gossip, the isolation of their rural communities and the interdependence of their lives with their extended family members also increased their stress levels.

"To the women I talked with, getting jobs was their ultimate solution," Bloom said. "Self-reliance is a value in rural populations, and I think that's what these women were expressingthat their circumstances were difficult and stressful, but if they had the ability to support themselves financially, they would be able to lift their families out of poverty."

Mental illness also affected many of the women, with nearly two out of three showing symptoms of major depression and one in four experiencing moderate to severe Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Many of the women had significant violent experiences in their lifetimes, and one in five was in an abusive relationship at the time of the interviews.

"Prenatal visits are key opportunities for health providers to talk with expectant mothers about their stressors, especially since many rural areas have fewer or unsatisfactory resources such as mental health care and domestic violence shelters," Bloom said. "Clinicians making referrals to resources should consider doing warm hand-offs, which involves sitting with the patients and making calls together or introducing them in person to people who can help them. Health providers also should keep in mind that rural woman have increased concerns about confidentiality and gossip and don't want to feel judged."

Bloom said rural clinicians need to ask pregnant women about their stress levels and their exposures to violence. In addition, medical providers need to let women know about available resources.

"The rural Missouri women I met have incredible strength and resilience," Bloom said. "Many of these women were living in very difficult circumstances with minimal resources. Health providers should remember that these women have amazing strengths and acknowledge those strengths when they work with them."

Bloom cautions that these findings are from a small sample of women who primarily were low-income, unemployed young Caucasian women in partnered relationships and are not necessarily representative of the larger population.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Sesame Street Live's Super Grover Visits WHEDco in the South Bronx to Teach Low-Income Children What it Takes to be a Super Hero
2. In minutes a day, low-income families can improve their kids health
3. Obesity may be declining among preschool-aged children living in low-income families
4. Seeing fewer older people in the street may lead low-income adults to fast-track their lives
5. Expanding Medicaid to low-income adults leads to improved health, fewer deaths
6. Federally funded clinics for low-income patients as effective as private practices
7. Low-Income Mothers May Overfeed Their Infants
8. Social ties have mixed impact on encouraging healthy behaviors in low-income areas
9. Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women Among New Recommendations
10. New study examines post-Roe v. Wade arrests of and forced interventions on pregnant women
11. When Can You Get Pregnant? Many Women Don’t Know, But a Simple Family Planning Method Now Available from Cycle Technologies Can Help
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/27/2017)... , ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... quickly sideline athletes. A type of groin injury, it occurs when the muscles ... serious, intense pain in and around the lower torso, as well as accompanying ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Advantexe Learning Solutions , a global ... new research study, The Business Readiness Report. The report explores the correlation between ... actual success of achieving individual and company goals. , There are many ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... , ... March 27, 2017 , ... ... that for a second year in a row; they are the recipient of ... in the industry voted on the award at Design Connections 2017. Top A&D ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... San Mateo, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 27, 2017 , ... Janet Schloz is still ... one of the best days I’ve had in a long time,” she said. , She ... a lot of money that I never thought I would have to help my students.” ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Anaheim Hills office accelerates and supports FNCC’s growth and ... new sales professionals over the past 6 months and is continuing to recruit new ... the course of 2017. , “This new office is a direct result of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... N.J. , March 27, 2017 Invivotek, ... and leading in vivo pharmacology contract research ... Farm adjacent to its newly expanded preclinical research facility ... solar farm provides a cleaner, renewable energy source to ... the environment. Completion of the Genesis Solar Farm follows ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... PUNE, India , March 24, 2017 Abdominal Aortic ... reach $2,614 million by 2022, Globally, registering a CAGR of 5.1% from 2016 to ... and is projected to dominate the market during the study period. ... ... ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 New England Pediatric Device Consortium ... award including funding and in-kind service towards the commercialization ... "Making blood draws less traumatic for children ... hospital experience better.  We,re looking forward to working with ... improve care for the kids we treat," said ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: