Navigation Links
Low fertility in Europe -- is there still reason to worry?

The post-war trend of falling birth rates has been reversed across Europe, according to a new study. However, despite an increasing emphasis on family and fertility policies in Europe, this recent development involves social, cultural and economic factors more than individual policy interventions.

For some decades, couples have been having children later in life. But birth-rates among younger women have stabilised and the long-term trend towards lower fertility rates has been reversed.

Politicians are still left to grapple with problems associated with an ageing population as Europeans live longer and birth rates remain below the level needed to dramatically change the balance between young and older people.

In 2004, RAND Europe published a report which explored the issues associated with low birth rates in Europe. At that time the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was below the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman in every Member State of the EU. This new study updates the findings of the earlier report and examines the impact of the policy options available.

Lead author Stijn Hoorens said: 'The effects of individual policies aimed at family and fertility are relatively small and now the economic crisis has added a new level of uncertainty for policy makers. Early figures suggest that birth rates have fallen back in the wake of the economic down-turn.'

Key findings and implications

  • Since the early 2000s there have been signs of recovering fertility. In all but four countries of the EU (Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta and Portugal), fertility rates increased between 2000 and 2008.

  • Despite this, the TFR remains below the replacement rate in all 27 EU countries and more than half (14) have a fertility rate below 1.5 children per women (all else being equal a fertility rate of 1.5 would lead to a population halving in size in fewer than seven decades).

  • There are signs of a 'two speed Europe' developing with north western European states having higher fertility rates than central, southern and German speaking states.

  • Nowadays, 1 in 5 babies in Europe has a mother who was born abroad. Migration is not the main reason behind the recovery of period fertility in Europe however. The reproductive behaviour of migrants played only a relatively modest role. But migration does tend to cause a rapid infusion of women in their reproductive years, which has a mitigating effect on population ageing.

  • Despite the recovery, Europe's populations continue to age and policy makers will have to address the consequences for pensions, health care etc. Emerging evidence suggests that the economic crisis has triggered an end to the trend of recovering fertility.


Contact: Ed Maxfield
RAND Corporation

Related medicine news :

1. Can Weight-Loss Surgery Reverse Common Cause of Infertility?
2. Wrong-time eating reduces fertility in fruit flies
3. Groundbreaking male infertility test could bring hope to millions
4. Caffeine May Interfere With Fertility in Women
5. Why caffeine can reduce fertility in women
6. Cell phone use may reduce male fertility
7. Gene Variation May Explain Some Female Infertility Cases
8. Gene variation linked to infertility in women, study finds
9. Research breakthrough on male infertility
10. Can Crotch Length Predict Infertility in Men?
11. Mothers obesity may lead to infertility in the next generation
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... as a Modern Man for 2015. , Angeleno Magazine is a division ... States. Established in 1994, Modern Luxury includes more than 50 magazine titles across ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Center Enterprise Authorized Technology Provider (ATP) status from Cisco. This designation recognizes Tympani ... support Cisco Unified Contact Center solutions targeted to the high-end enterprise contact center ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Beard and Brooke Bennett are collaborating with brands across various categories through traditional ... influential figures make up an elite group of Gold Medal Moms who can ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... & Caicos Islands, BWI (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... 2015. Recently Caribbean Journal, one of the leading digital news sites highlighting Caribbean ... top reason? The weather. While much of North America shivers under chilly grey ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Garden City, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... as a 2015-2016 inductee into its VIP Woman of the Year Circle. She ... is the nation’s leading networking organization exclusively for professional women, boasting more than 850,000 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... , BANGALORE, India and ... -- Mylan N.V. (NASDAQ, TASE: MYL) today announced that it ... approval and for developing country markets funded by international ... 300 mg + Efavirenz 400 mg) for $99 per ... Access Initiative (CHAI) to develop TLE400. The significantly reduced ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... diciembre de 2015  AccuTEC Blades, una ... precisión, develó hoy un nuevo logo corporativo ... El nuevo logo destaca la experiencia de ... de productos con cuchillas donde "el borde ... --> ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 Breg, Inc ., a premier ... that it has been awarded three contracts by Novation, ... Novation will have access to improved pricing for Breg,s ... soft goods dedicated to advancing orthopedic care.  ... U.S. population, rising prevalence of chronic conditions and the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: