Navigation Links
Low birthweight infants have five times rate of autism
Date:10/16/2011

Autism researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have found a link between low birthweight and children diagnosed with autism, reporting premature infants are five times more likely to have autism than children born at normal weights.

The children, some born as small as about a pound, were followed for 21 years making this study, published in the prestigious journal Pediatrics, one of the most remarkable of its kind. The infants were born between September 1984 through July 1987 in Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean counties in New Jersey at birthweights from 500 to 2000 grams or a maximum of about 4.4 pounds.

"As survival of the smallest and most immature babies improves, impaired survivors represent an increasing public health challenge," wrote lead author Jennifer Pinto-Martin, MPH, PhD, director of the Center Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) at Penn Nursing. "Emerging studies suggest that low birthweight may be a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders."

Links between low birthweight and a range of motor and cognitive problems have been well established for some time, but this is the first study that establishes that these children are also at increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

"Cognitive problems in these children may mask underlying autism," said Dr. Pinto-Martin. "If there is suspicion of autism or a positive screening test for ASD, parents should seek an evaluation for an ASD. Early intervention improves long-term outcome and can help these children both at school and at home."

In future studies, Penn researchers will investigate possible links between brain hemorrhage, a complication of premature birth, and autism by examining brain ultrasounds taken of these children as newborns.

The researchers, including a team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, followed 862 children from birth to young adulthood finding that five percent of the children were diagnosed with autism, compared to one percent of the general population in what researchers called "the first study to have estimated the prevalence of ASD . . . using research validated diagnostic instruments."


'/>"/>
Contact: Joy McIntyre
joymc@nursing.upenn.edu
215-898-5074
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Low birthweight infants five times more likely to have autism
2. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
3. Household Dirt Wont Raise Asthma Risk in Infants
4. Improving care for low-birth-weight infants
5. Study to Identify Infants at High Risk for Developing Obesity
6. Bailout stenting successful treatment for infants with constricted aortas
7. Too Many Infants Short on Vitamin D
8. Infants Sensitivity to Voices May Develop by 7 Months
9. Sleep-Related Death Rate Higher Among Black Infants
10. African-American infants at increased risk from tobacco smoke exposure
11. Sugar Before Shots Helps Infants Cope
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Every winter, someone is killed, injured or ... West Penn Burn Center, part of the Allegheny Health Network, has partnered with ... the “Space Heaters Need Space” campaign. , “Space Heaters Need Space” aims ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... AssureVest Insurance Group, a locally ... a charity drive that will raise funds earmarked to purchase computers and software for ... School. , “My school is in a low-income area and has more than 60 ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Vail knee specialist ... Leaders to Know in 2016 . The list consists of physicians establishing, leading and ... establish this list. , An Ambulatory Surgery Center, also known as an ASC, ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... families of the Pittsburgh metro area, celebrates the beginning of the latest charity ... children develop social skills through art. Donations to this worthy cause are currently ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... MIAMI, FLA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... free dental implants to their Miami dental office. Beginning in January, Miami Dental ... traditional titanium. Miami Dental Specialists are the first office to be chosen by the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)...  Clinical Affairs leaders at pharmaceutical organizations are looking to either ... world. While some companies have conducted a significant number of clinical ... countries such as India and ... India are now requiring local clinical trials ... --> China and India ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 12, 2016 Hypermarcas S.A. ("Hypermarcas") today ... offer (the "Tender Offer") to purchase any and ... amount of its 6.500% Senior Notes due 2021 ... USP5246AAF05) (the "Notes"). In connection with the Tender ... consents (the "Consents") of the holders of the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Demers Ambulances announces its ... to Okaloosa County Emergency Medical ... III ambulances and one LT2 van. Quality Emergency Vehicles in ... is responsible for the sale.  This is the latest in ... , Executive Vice President at Demers. --> Benoit ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: