Navigation Links
Low birthweight infants five times more likely to have autism
Date:10/16/2011

Autism researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have found a link between low birthweight and children diagnosed with autism, reporting premature infants are five times more likely to have autism than children born at normal weight.

The children, some born as small as about a pound, were followed for 21 years making this study, published in the prestigious journal Pediatrics, one of the most remarkable of its kind. The infants were born between September 1984 through July 1987 in Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean counties in New Jersey at birthweights from 500 to 2000 grams or a maximum of about 4.4 pounds.

"As survival of the smallest and most immature babies improves, impaired survivors represent an increasing public health challenge," wrote lead author Jennifer Pinto-Martin, MPH, PhD, director of the Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) at Penn Nursing. "Emerging studies suggest that low birthweight may be a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders."

Links between low birthweight and a range of motor and cognitive problems have been well established for some time, but this is the first study that establishes that these children are also at increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

"Cognitive problems in these children may mask underlying autism," said Dr. Pinto-Martin. "If there is suspicion of autism or a positive screening test for ASD, parents should seek an evaluation for an ASD. Early intervention improves long-term outcome and can help these children both at school and at home."

In future studies, Penn researchers will investigate possible links between brain hemorrhage, a complication of premature birth, and autism by examining brain ultrasounds taken of these children as newborns.

The researchers, including a team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, followed 862 children from birth to young adulthood finding that five percent of the children were diagnosed with autism, compared to one percent of the general population in what researchers called "the first study to have estimated the prevalence of ASD . . . using research validated diagnostic instruments."


'/>"/>
Contact: Joy McIntyre
joymc@nursing.upenn.edu
215-898-5074
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Pulse oximetry: A viable screening tool for infants with suspected congenital heart disease
2. New study shows inflammatory food toxins found in high levels in infants
3. Preterm infants exposed to stressors in NICU display reduced brain size
4. Neonatal and infant feeding disorders program saves infants from lifetime of feeding tubes
5. Mothers postpartum oxycodone use: No safer for breastfed infants than codeine
6. Rotavirus vaccination of infants also protects unvaccinated older children and adults
7. Coronary artery stenting viable palliative option for infants and toddlers
8. Women & Infants introduces integrated program for high-risk pregnancy
9. Abnormal brain ultrasounds in premature infants indicate future risk of psychiatric disorders
10. NICHD renews maternal-fetal medicine, neonatal ties with Women & Infants
11. Infants learn to transfer knowledge by 16 months, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... support, and collaboration, announces Mirroring360 Pro . This new addition to the ... collaboration experience for education and business. , Mirroring360 Pro enables educators, business professionals ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Coalition Duchenne, a ... muscular dystrophy, and funding for Duchenne research, congratulates Capricor Therapeutics on positive ... trial in Duchenne announced today. , Coalition Duchenne funded studies carried out ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... Indianapolis, IN (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 ... ... Washington, D.C., CEOs, CFOs and HR decision-makers are preparing for how his administration ... Life Financial will provide insight into what changes are most likely to make ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... , ... April 25, 2017 , ... The doctors at ... BC, who live with dental fear and require sedation to receive dental care. The ... ease during various procedures, from hygienic cleanings to oral surgery, at their dental office ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Patients who would ... results in a fraction of the time as traditional braces – Wilckodontics®. Dr. ... Specialists, now offers this revolutionary treatment with or without a referral. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/25/2017)... 25, 2017 Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ... Members of its senior management team will host a conference call ... ET. The dial-in number to access the call ... and the passcode is 6086379. Please dial in 10 minutes prior ... A replay of the call will be available from May 9, ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... SW Safety Solutions, Inc., the industry,s leader ... release of the latest advancement in workplace single-use gloves ... leading edge nitrile glove technology features SW,s patent pending ... grip on wet and oily surfaces and the highest ... a suite of other advanced SW technologies, the Powerform,s ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... 2017 Solentim, the developer of instrumentation ... of a major new product line called the ... VIPS has been developed for automatically seeding single ... part of the process to generate clonally-derived cell ... more reliable solution when compared to traditional single ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: