Navigation Links
Low birthweight infants five times more likely to have autism
Date:10/16/2011

Autism researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have found a link between low birthweight and children diagnosed with autism, reporting premature infants are five times more likely to have autism than children born at normal weight.

The children, some born as small as about a pound, were followed for 21 years making this study, published in the prestigious journal Pediatrics, one of the most remarkable of its kind. The infants were born between September 1984 through July 1987 in Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean counties in New Jersey at birthweights from 500 to 2000 grams or a maximum of about 4.4 pounds.

"As survival of the smallest and most immature babies improves, impaired survivors represent an increasing public health challenge," wrote lead author Jennifer Pinto-Martin, MPH, PhD, director of the Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) at Penn Nursing. "Emerging studies suggest that low birthweight may be a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders."

Links between low birthweight and a range of motor and cognitive problems have been well established for some time, but this is the first study that establishes that these children are also at increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

"Cognitive problems in these children may mask underlying autism," said Dr. Pinto-Martin. "If there is suspicion of autism or a positive screening test for ASD, parents should seek an evaluation for an ASD. Early intervention improves long-term outcome and can help these children both at school and at home."

In future studies, Penn researchers will investigate possible links between brain hemorrhage, a complication of premature birth, and autism by examining brain ultrasounds taken of these children as newborns.

The researchers, including a team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, followed 862 children from birth to young adulthood finding that five percent of the children were diagnosed with autism, compared to one percent of the general population in what researchers called "the first study to have estimated the prevalence of ASD . . . using research validated diagnostic instruments."


'/>"/>
Contact: Joy McIntyre
joymc@nursing.upenn.edu
215-898-5074
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Pulse oximetry: A viable screening tool for infants with suspected congenital heart disease
2. New study shows inflammatory food toxins found in high levels in infants
3. Preterm infants exposed to stressors in NICU display reduced brain size
4. Neonatal and infant feeding disorders program saves infants from lifetime of feeding tubes
5. Mothers postpartum oxycodone use: No safer for breastfed infants than codeine
6. Rotavirus vaccination of infants also protects unvaccinated older children and adults
7. Coronary artery stenting viable palliative option for infants and toddlers
8. Women & Infants introduces integrated program for high-risk pregnancy
9. Abnormal brain ultrasounds in premature infants indicate future risk of psychiatric disorders
10. NICHD renews maternal-fetal medicine, neonatal ties with Women & Infants
11. Infants learn to transfer knowledge by 16 months, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/26/2017)... ... September 26, 2017 , ... Autism Learning ... Northern Colorado. Aspire Autism, A Division of Autism Learning Partners, will be the ... Aspire provides center based Autism services in Broomfield and will continue to operate ...
(Date:9/26/2017)... ... September 26, 2017 , ... “How to Live in the Millennium”: a gripping ... his minions are no longer a part of everyday life and do not affect daily ... and take responsibility for the thoughts, words, and actions that are chosen. “How to ...
(Date:9/26/2017)... ... ... “Childhood Memories of a Virginia Wanderer”: an entertaining look inside the ... own youth. “Childhood Memories of a Virginia Wanderer” is the creation of published author, ... He received his BS from Idaho State University in Adult Education, as well ...
(Date:9/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... September 26, 2017 , ... “The Great Creator Saves Boobie and Ceebie”: ... Great Creator Saves Boobie and Ceebie” is the creation of published author, G.S. White, a ... he now lives in New Jersey. , “This book is not only for children ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... September 25, 2017 , ... ... the first and only fully programmable fall detection smart watch. VitalBand provides ... many critical contacts as you want so help arrives quickly. Plus, it’s ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/13/2017)... 13, 2017   OrthoAtlanta has been named the ... Host Committee (AFHC) for the 2018 College Football Playoff (CFP) ... at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia . ... "I,m In" campaign, participating in many activities leading up to, ... ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... , Sept. 8, 2017 Dealmed Medical Supplies, ... supplier of medical equipment, supplies, drugs, vaccines, and specialty ... entered into an agreement to acquire Vantage Medical Supplies, ... in Holtsville, New York . ... supplying new and emerging medical practices, will operate under ...
(Date:9/7/2017)... , Sept. 7, 2017 NuvoAir (formerly ... Spirometer, announced today a partnership with Novartis Pharma AG to ... NuvoAir,s position as the leading mobile spirometry platform and Novartis, ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: