Navigation Links
Low birthweight infants five times more likely to have autism
Date:10/16/2011

Autism researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing have found a link between low birthweight and children diagnosed with autism, reporting premature infants are five times more likely to have autism than children born at normal weight.

The children, some born as small as about a pound, were followed for 21 years making this study, published in the prestigious journal Pediatrics, one of the most remarkable of its kind. The infants were born between September 1984 through July 1987 in Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean counties in New Jersey at birthweights from 500 to 2000 grams or a maximum of about 4.4 pounds.

"As survival of the smallest and most immature babies improves, impaired survivors represent an increasing public health challenge," wrote lead author Jennifer Pinto-Martin, MPH, PhD, director of the Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) at Penn Nursing. "Emerging studies suggest that low birthweight may be a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders."

Links between low birthweight and a range of motor and cognitive problems have been well established for some time, but this is the first study that establishes that these children are also at increased risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

"Cognitive problems in these children may mask underlying autism," said Dr. Pinto-Martin. "If there is suspicion of autism or a positive screening test for ASD, parents should seek an evaluation for an ASD. Early intervention improves long-term outcome and can help these children both at school and at home."

In future studies, Penn researchers will investigate possible links between brain hemorrhage, a complication of premature birth, and autism by examining brain ultrasounds taken of these children as newborns.

The researchers, including a team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, followed 862 children from birth to young adulthood finding that five percent of the children were diagnosed with autism, compared to one percent of the general population in what researchers called "the first study to have estimated the prevalence of ASD . . . using research validated diagnostic instruments."


'/>"/>
Contact: Joy McIntyre
joymc@nursing.upenn.edu
215-898-5074
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Pulse oximetry: A viable screening tool for infants with suspected congenital heart disease
2. New study shows inflammatory food toxins found in high levels in infants
3. Preterm infants exposed to stressors in NICU display reduced brain size
4. Neonatal and infant feeding disorders program saves infants from lifetime of feeding tubes
5. Mothers postpartum oxycodone use: No safer for breastfed infants than codeine
6. Rotavirus vaccination of infants also protects unvaccinated older children and adults
7. Coronary artery stenting viable palliative option for infants and toddlers
8. Women & Infants introduces integrated program for high-risk pregnancy
9. Abnormal brain ultrasounds in premature infants indicate future risk of psychiatric disorders
10. NICHD renews maternal-fetal medicine, neonatal ties with Women & Infants
11. Infants learn to transfer knowledge by 16 months, study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... , ... Technique, technique, technique – with a dash of common sense. Those ... and exercise or simply lifting heavy objects, advises Dr. Kaliq Chang, interventional pain management ... says. “Improper technique in lifting anything heavy or an attempt to lift too much ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... City (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... Population Health and Clinical Integration company, announced today that its iClinic V12.2 ... Home (PCMH) 2017 Prevalidation. NCQA recently introduced PCMH 2017 standards which emphasize ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Allegheny Health Network and the Alexis Joy ... Women’s Behavioral Health at West Penn Hospital , a unique facility that will ... pregnancy-related depression. Construction of the Center is underway with a scheduled opening in ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Cambridge, MA, ... steady since 2009, according to a Workers Compensation Research Institute (WCRI) study, a ... the North Carolina System: CompScope™ Benchmarks, 17th Edition looks at indemnity and ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... i2i Population Health, a ... KLAS category winner, has named Daniel P. Bullington as chief technology officer. , ... platform and product offerings,” says Justin Neece, president. “Daniel is an excellent fit ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/9/2017)... 2017  Semler Scientific, Inc. (OTCQB: SMLR), an ... improve the clinical effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare ... quarter ended March 31, 2017. ... to identify when preventive care options are appropriate, ... heart attacks or strokes occur," said Doug ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... SKANEATELES FALLS, N.Y. , May 5, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... expansion that will add approximately 100,000 square feet to ... announced in September 2016 its commitment to bring more ... York , where Welch Allyn has maintained a ... facility will help accommodate these new positions, a large ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... Israel , May 4, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. ... mobile health and big data solutions, today announced that ... A&D Company, and STI Technologies Limited to lower diabetes ... immediately. Through STI,s innoviCares card, which is available throughout ... , DarioHealth customers will be eligible for additional savings ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: