Navigation Links
Low-Carb Diets Better Than Low-Fat Diets at Preventing Diabetes

Even if coupled with high animal fat and protein, risk did not increase, study claims

THURSDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- A diet low in carbohydrates but high in animal fat and protein doesn't seem to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in women, a new study claims.

"One study is never enough to change a recommendation, but this study is interesting in that it shows that a low-fat diet is no better than a low-carbohydrate diet in preventing type 2 diabetes," said Thomas Halton, lead author of a study in the current issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. "The one diet that did seem to show a protective effect was a vegetable-based, low-carb diet which consisted of higher amounts of vegetable fat and vegetable protein, and lower amounts of carbohydrate."

The findings, Halton added, were a bit surprising in that most doctors and nutritionists recommend a low-fat diet to prevent type 2 diabetes. "This study showed that a low-fat diet didn't really prevent type 2 diabetes in our cohort when compared to a low-carb diet. I was also surprised that total carbohydrate consumption was associated with type 2 diabetes, and that the relative risk for the glycemic load was so high."

Halton is a recent graduate of the Harvard School of Public Health and has founded his own nutrition consulting company, Fitness Plus, in Boston.

Type 2 diabetes, which is associated with overweight and obesity, is a pressing health problem around the world. In the United States, two-thirds of adults weigh more than they should.

And, according to background information in the study, some 45 percent of women and 30 percent of men in the United States are trying to lose weight at any one time.

While low-fat, high-carb diets are often recommended, the long-term effects of such a regimen are not known.

People who reduce their carb intake generally take in more total and saturated fat and less whole grains, cereal fiber, fruit and vegetables, which can heighten the risk of type 2 diabetes.

For this study, Halton and his colleagues examined the association between low-carb diets and the risk of diabetes among 85,059 women participating in the Nurse's Health Study. The data included 20 years of follow-up.

Women were ranked according to what they ate. "We calculated a low-carbohydrate diet score based on the women's percent consumption of fat, protein and carbohydrate," Halton explained. "A higher score reflected a higher intake of fat and protein and a lower intake of carbohydrate. Therefore, the higher a woman's score, the more closely she followed a low carb-diet, and the lower her score, the more closely she followed a low-fat diet."

Women with a higher score did not have a heightened risk of diabetes. In fact, they seemed to have a small decreased risk when they derived their fat and protein from vegetable rather than animal sources.

Such a low-carb diet is similar to a healthy Atkins diet, meaning one which does not include large amounts of animal fat and animal protein, Halton said.

"When focusing on vegetable sources of fat and protein, this version of Atkins is similar to a low-glycemic Mediterranean diet," he said.

How easy will it be for people to follow such a diet?

"It's probably a very good thing to do . . . [but] people don't understand how to eat well. People don't know what simple and complex carbohydrates are and what it takes to have a good, balanced diet. People go to extremes," said Dr. Stuart Weiss, a clinical assistant professor of medicine at New York University School of Medicine in New York City. "In general, carbs should be limited just like saturated fat needs to be limited. . . If you eat too much of anything, you're bound to get into trouble."

More information

Learn more about healthy eating at the American Dietetic Association.

SOURCES: Thomas Halton, D.Sc., founder, Fitness Plus, Boston; Stuart Weiss, M.D., clinical assistant professor, medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York City; February 2008 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Diabetes Group Backs Low-Carb Diets
2. Low-carb diet reduces inflammation and blood saturated fat in metabolic syndrome
3. Low-Carb Diet May Slow Prostate Tumor Growth
4. A low-carb diet may stunt prostate tumor growth
5. Whole grain diets lower risk of chronic disease
6. UMass Medical School study finds patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease continue poor diets
7., Inc. Announces Resignation of Robert Hamilton, Chief Financial Officer
8. Nations Leading Dialysis Provider - DaVita - Partners with eDiets(R) to Launch One-of-a-Kind Diet Helper Online Nutrition and Meal Planning Tool for Late-Stage Kidney Disease Patients and Caregivers
9. Far flung food: Europes distant diets
10. Diets May Raise Cancer Risk for Poor, Urban Women
11. Cancer risks for urban African-American women grow, healthy diets more difficult to maintain
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Low-Carb Diets Better Than Low-Fat Diets at Preventing Diabetes
(Date:11/30/2015)... MN (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... at . The directory is specialized and only includes chiropractic clinics ... to find a competent and trustworthy alternative health practitioner when back pain sets ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... The Museum ... summer, ushering in a new era of publicly accessible automated technology. Now, by ... continue to offer guests an up-close look at the shuttle at MOSI’s main ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... In an effort to provide ... of Life Christian Church of Flint, MI, hosted a family-oriented evening themed on ... pile of candy dubbed “Candy Mountain”. , A Forever Recovery, a holistic treatment ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... In an ... States to access life-saving information provided directly from top experts in mesothelioma, ... three individual conferences in three major cities: Houston, San Francisco, and Chicago. ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... During the week of Thanksgiving, the Mesothelioma ... its research, education, support, and advocacy efforts. The campaign is held every year-end ... Applied Research Foundation, which also goes by Meso Foundation, holds the highest ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... December 1, 2015 ... adds "Endometriosis - Pipeline Review, H2 2015" ... on therapeutic pipeline of Endometriosis and helps ... counter strategies to gain competitive advantage. It ... and MOAs to produce first-in-class and best-in-class ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015  DURECT Corporation (Nasdaq: DRRX ... , Chief Financial Officer, will be presenting ... December 8 at 2:45 pm Eastern Time.  ... Westin Grand Central Hotel in New York.  ... meetings at this conference; interested institutional investors ...
(Date:11/30/2015)...   Royal Philips  (NYSE: PHG ; ... Solutions, a fully integrated, consultative approach to enhance ... practice management approaches that combine imaging systems, services, ... care delivery and reduce costs. Making its debut ... America Annual Meeting (RSNA) in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: